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Joh 14:1 "Don't let yourselves be disturbed. Trust in God and trust in me. Joh 14:2 In my Father's house are many places to live. If there weren't, I would.

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Presentation on theme: "Joh 14:1 "Don't let yourselves be disturbed. Trust in God and trust in me. Joh 14:2 In my Father's house are many places to live. If there weren't, I would."— Presentation transcript:

1 Joh 14:1 "Don't let yourselves be disturbed. Trust in God and trust in me. Joh 14:2 In my Father's house are many places to live. If there weren't, I would have told you; because I am going there to prepare a place for you. Joh 14:3 Since I am going and preparing a place for you, I will return to take you with me; so that where I am, you may be also. Joh 14:4 Furthermore, you know where I'm going; and you know the way there."

2 3 – 1 – 3 Pesach-Hag Matzah-Bikkurim Shavuot Yom Teruah-Yom Kippur-Sukkot

3 Zec 13:7 "Awake, sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is close to me," says Adonai-Tzva'ot. "Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered; I will turn my hand against the young ones. Zec 13:8 In time, throughout that land," says Adonai, "two- thirds of those in it will be destroyed they will die, but one- third will remain. Zec 13:9 That third part I will bring through the fire; I will refine them as silver is refined, I will test them as gold is tested. They will call on my name, and I will answer them. I will say, 'This is my people' and they will say, 'Adonai is my God.' "

4 Zec 14:1-15… Zec 14:16 Finally, everyone remaining from all the nations that came to attack Yerushalayim will go up every year to worship the king, Adonai-Tzva'ot, and to keep the festival of Sukkot. Zec 14:17 If any of the families of the earth does not go up to Yerushalayim to worship the king, Adonai-Tzva'ot, no rain will fall on them. Zec 14:18 If the family of Egypt doesn't go up, if they refuse to come, they will have no [annual] overflow [from the Nile]; moreover, there will be the plague with which Adonai will strike the nations that don't go up to keep the festival of Sukkot.

5 The Feast of Trumpets in biblical times was celebrated in a far more festive fashion than it is today. Although this is a two-day holiday, preparations for this feast begin a full month in advance. On the Jewish cal- endar is a forty-day season called Teshuvah (return or repentance). It begins on Elul 1 and ends on the Day of Atonement (Tishri 10). This forty-day sea-son is a time for one to annually examine his life and restore relationships between God and man. The first thirty days of this season are the thirty days of the month of Elul. The last ten days of this forty-day season are the Feast of Trumpets and Day of Atonement or the ten High Holy Days (Days of Awe).

6 What is Elul? "Elul" is the Sixth Month of the year, counting from "Nisan," called in the Chumash, "the first month." Counting from "Tishrei", the month of Rosh HaShanah, "Elul" is the twelfth, and last month in the year. Like the names of the other months of the Hebrew Calendar, "Elul came up", or "returned with," those Jews who returned to Israel from the 70-year Exile in Babylonia. The expression "returned with" is particularly significant in this case in that this is the month of "Return to Hashem," or "Repentance." Elul is the name of the month which we are given each year to prepare for the "Days of Awe:"

7 Psa 81:1 [For the Leader. On the gittit. By Asaf:] Sing for joy to God our strength! Shout to the God of Ya`akov! Psa 81:2 Start the music! Beat the drum! Play the sweet lyre and the lute! Psa 81:3 Sound the shofar at Rosh-Hodesh and at full moon for the pilgrim feast, Psa 81:4 because this is a law for Isra'el, a ruling of the God of Ya`akov.

8 The name Elul is said to be an acronym of ani l'dodi v'dodi li, "I am my Beloved's and my Beloved is mine," a quote from Song of Solomon 6:3, where the Beloved is the LORD and the "I" is the Kallat Mashiach, the Bride of Messiah:

9 The phrase Forty Days appears 22 times in all of Scripture. 22 is the name AV=Father (Gen 7:4) For in seven more days I will cause it to rain on the earth forty days and forty nights; I will wipe out every living thing that I have made from the face of the earth." (Gen 7:12) It rained on the earth forty days and forty nights. (Gen 7:17) The flood was forty days on the earth; the water grew higher and floated the ark, so that it was lifted up off the earth. (Gen 8:6) After forty days Noach opened the window of the ark which he had built; (Gen 50:3) Forty days were spent at this, the normal amount of time for embalming. Then the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days.

10 Exo 24:18) Moshe entered the cloud and went up on the mountain; he was on the mountain forty days and nights. (Exo 34:28) Moshe was there with Adonai forty days and forty nights, during which time he neither ate food nor drank water. [Adonai] wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Words. (Num 13:25) Forty days later, they returned from reconnoitering the land (Num 14:34) It will be a year for every day you spent reconnoitering the land that you will bear the consequences of your offenses forty days, forty years. Then you will know what it means to oppose me! (Deu 9:9) I had gone up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets on which was written the covenant Adonai had made with you. I stayed on the mountain forty days and nights without eating food or drinking water. (Deu 9:11) Yes, after forty days and nights Adonai gave me the two stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant. (Deu 9:18) Then I fell down before Adonai, as I had the first time, for forty days and nights, during which time I neither ate food nor drank water, all because of the sin you committed by doing what was evil in the sight of Adonai and thus provoking him. (Deu 9:25) "So I fell down before Adonai for those forty days and nights; and I lay there; because Adonai had said he would destroy you. (Deu 10:10) "I stayed on the mountain forty days and nights, as previously; and Adonai listened to me that time too - Adonai would not destroy you.

11 (1Sa 17:16) Meanwhile, the P'lishti approached with his challenge every morning and evening for forty days. (1Ki 19:8) He got up, ate and drank, and, on the strength of that meal, traveled forty days and nights until he reached Horev the mountain of God. (Eze 4:6) Then, when you have finished that, you are to lie on your right side and bear the guilt of the house of Y'hudah for forty days, each day corresponding to a year; this is what I am assigning you. (Jon 3:4) Yonah began his entry into the city and had finished only his first day of proclaiming, 'In forty days Ninveh will be overthrown,' (Mat 4:2) After Yeshua had fasted forty days and nights, he was hungry. (Mar 1:13) and he was in the wilderness forty days being tempted by the Adversary. He was with the wild animals, and the angels took care of him. (Luk 4:2) for forty days of testing by the Adversary. During that time he ate nothing, and afterwards he was hungry. (Act 1:3) After his death he showed himself to them and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. During a period of forty days they saw him, and he spoke with them about the Kingdom of God.

12 The sound from the shofar is broken, a series of staccato blasts. The broken sound is said to remind the people they need to break their evil inclinations. The shape of the shofar is not straight like a trumpet. The end is curved and bent as a reminder to bend in respect to God. The sound is meant to be a rousing call to repentance on the part of each individual. It is meant to awaken everyone to make them remember the Creator and forsake evil ways and return to God. The sound is also meant to inspire. It is a reminder that man should strive to break the impulses of his heart which are evil with the sinful cravings of the world.

13 TekiahA pure unbroken sound that calls man to search his heart, abandon his evil ways, and seek forgiveness through repentance. ShevarimA broken, staccato, trembling sound. It typifies the sorrow that comes to man when he realizes his wrong and desires to change his ways. TeruahA wave-like sound of alarm calling upon man to stand by the banner of God. Tekiah Gedolah:Tekiah Gedolah: "the great Tekiah," a single unbroken blast, held as long as possible. (A combination of Tekiah, Shevarim, Teruah, ending with a Tekiah Gedolah.)

14 The Use of the Shofar in the Bible The shofar or ram's horn, has always held a prominent role in the history of G-d's people in the Bible: The Torah was given to Israel with the sound of the shofar (Exodus [Shemot] 19:19). Israel conquered in the battle of Jericho with the blast of the shofar (Joshua 6:20). Israel will be advised of the advent of the Messiah with the sound of the shofar (Zechariah 9:14,16). The shofar will be blown at the time of the ingathering of the exiles of Israel to their place (Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 27:13). The shofar was blown to signal the assembly of the Israelites during war (Judges [Shoftim] 3:27; 2 Samuel 20:1). The watchman who stood upon Jerusalem's walls blew the shofar (Ezekiel [Yechezekel] 33:3-6). The shofar was blown at the start of the Jubilee year (Leviticus [Vayikra] 25:9). The shofar is a reminder that G-d is sovereign (Psalm [Tehillim] 47:5).

15 The Use of the Shofar in the Bible The ram's horn, the shofar, is a reminder of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac and God's provision of a ram as a substitute (Genesis [Bereishit] 22:13). The shofar was blown to announce the beginning of festivals (Numbers [Bamidbar] 10:10). The shofar was blown to celebrate the new moon on Rosh HaShanah (Psalm 81:1-3). The blowing of the shofar is a signal for the call to repentance (Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 58:1). The blowing of the shofar ushers in the day of the Lord (Joel 2:1). John was taken up to Heaven in the Book of Revelation by the sound of the shofar (Revelation 4:1). Seven shofarim are sounded when G-d judges the earth during the tribulation (Revelation 8-9). The shofar was used for the coronation of kings (1 Kings [Melachim] 1:34,39).

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17 Vayikra/Lev. 23 & Bmidbar 29 Lev 23:23 Adonai said to Moshe, Lev 23:24 "Tell the people of Isra'el, 'In the seventh month, the first of the month is to be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy convocation announced with blasts on the shofar. Lev 23:25 Do not do any kind of ordinary work, and bring an offering made by fire to Adonai.' " Num 29:1 " 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you.

18 (Exo 19:13) No hand is to touch him; for he must be stoned or shot by arrows; neither animal nor human will be allowed to live.' When the shofar sounds, they may go up on the mountain." (Exo 19:16) On the morning of the third day, there was thunder, lightning and a thick cloud on the mountain. Then a shofar blast sounded so loudly that all the people in the camp trembled. (Exo 19:19) As the sound of the shofar grew louder and louder, Moshe spoke; and God answered him with a voice. (Exo 20:18) (20:15) All the people experienced the thunder, the lightning, the sound of the shofar, and the mountain smoking. When the people saw it, they trembled. Standing at a distance, (Lev 23:24) "Tell the people of Isra'el, 'In the seventh month, the first of the month is to be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy convocation announced with blasts on the shofar. (Lev 25:9) Then, on the tenth day of the seventh month, on Yom-Kippur, you are to sound a blast on the shofar; you are to sound the shofar all through your land; (Num 29:1) " 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you.

19 (Jos 6:5) Then they are to blow a long blast on the shofar. On hearing the sound of the shofar, all the people are to shout as loudly as they can; and the wall of the city will fall down flat. Then the people are to go up into the city, each one straight from where he stands." (Jdg 3:27) Upon arrival in the hills of Efrayim, he began sounding the call on the shofar; and the people of Isra'el went down with him from the hill-country; he himself took the lead. (Jdg 6:34) But the Spirit of Adonai covered Gid`on. He sounded the call on the shofar, and Avi`ezer rallied behind him. (Jdg 7:18) When I and everyone with me blow the shofar, then you blow your shofars all around the whole camp, and shout, "For Adonai and for Gid`on!"

20 (1Sa 13:3) Y'honatan assassinated the governor of the P'lishtim in Geva. The P'lishtim heard of it; so Sha'ul had the shofar sounded throughout the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear!" (2Sa 2:28) Then Yo'av sounded the shofar, and with that the people halted. They stopped pursuing Isra'el, and they stopped fighting. (2Sa 6:15) So David and all the house of Isra'el brought up the ark of Adonai with shouting and the sound of the shofar. (2Sa 15:10) But Avshalom sent spies through all the tribes of Isra'el to say, "The moment you hear the sound of the shofar, then start proclaiming, 'Avshalom is king in Hevron.' " (2Sa 18:16) Yo'av sounded the shofar, and the people returned from pursuing Isra'el, because Yo'av held back the troops. (2Sa 20:1) There happened to be there a scoundrel whose name was Sheva the son of Bikhri, a Binyamini. He sounded the shofar and said, "We have no share in David, no inheritance in the son of Yishai; so, Isra'el, every man to his tent!" (2Sa 20:22) Then the woman went to all the people with her wise plan. They cut off the head of Sheva the son of Bikhri and threw it out to Yo'av. So he sounded the shofar, and they left the city, sending each man to his tent; while Yo'av returned to the king in Yerushalayim. (1Ki 1:34) There Tzadok the cohen and Natan the prophet are to anoint him king over Isra'el. Sound the shofar and say, "Long live King Shlomo!" (1Ki 1:39) Tzadok the cohen took the horn of olive oil out of the tent and anointed Shlomo. They sounded the shofar, and all the people shouted, "Long live King Shlomo!" (1Ki 1:41) Adoniyah and all his guests heard it while they were finishing their meal; but it was Yo'av who, when he heard the blast on the shofar, asked, "That noise what's the meaning of this uproar in the city?" (2Ki 9:13) At this, they hurried each one to take his cloak and put it under Yehu at the top of the stairs. Then they blew the shofar and proclaimed, "Yehu is king!"

21 (Neh 4:18) (4:12) As for the construction-workers, each one had his sword sheathed at his side; that is how they built. The man to sound the alarm on the shofar stayed with me. (Neh 4:20) (4:14) But wherever you are, when you hear the sound of the shofar, come to that place, to us. Our God will fight for us!" (Job 39:24) Frenzied and eager, it devours the ground, scarcely believing the shofar has sounded. (Job 39:25) At the sound of the shofar it whinnies; as from afar it scents the battle, the roar of the chiefs and the shouting. (Psa 47:5) God goes up to shouts of acclaim, Adonai to a blast on the shofar. (Psa 81:3) Sound the shofar at Rosh-Hodesh and at full moon for the pilgrim feast, (Psa 98:6) With trumpets and the sound of the shofar, shout for joy before the king, Adonai! (Psa 150:3) Praise him with a blast on the shofar! Praise him with lute and lyre!

22 (Isa 18:3) All you inhabitants of the world, you who live on the earth: when a banner is hoisted on the mountains, look! When the shofar is blown, listen! (Isa 27:13) On that day a great shofar will sound. Those lost in the land of Ashur will come, also those scattered through the land of Egypt; and they will worship Adonai on the holy mountain in Yerushalayim. (Isa 58:1) Shout out loud! Don't hold back! Raise your voice like a shofar! Proclaim to my people what rebels they are, to the house of Ya`akov their sins. (Jer 4:5) "Announce in Y'hudah, proclaim in Yerushalayim; say: 'Blow the shofar in the land!' Shout the message aloud: 'Assemble! Let us go to the fortified cities!' (Jer 4:19) My guts! My guts! I'm writhing in pain! My heart! It beats wildly I can't stay still! because I have heard the shofar sound; it's the call to war. (Jer 4:21) How long must I see that signal and hear the shofar sound? (Jer 6:1) "Head for cover, people of Binyamin, get out of Yerushalayim! Blow the shofar in T'koa, light the beacon on Beit-Hakerem. For disaster threatens from the north, with great destruction. (Jer 6:17) I appointed sentinels to direct them: 'Listen for the sound of the shofar.' But they said, 'We will not listen.' (Jer 42:14) and instead say, 'No, we will go to the land of Egypt; because there we will not see war or hear the shofar sounding its alarm or be short of food; so we'll stay there'; (Jer 51:27) Raise up a banner in the land, blow the shofar among the nations. Prepare the nations for war against her. Summon kingdoms against her Ararat, Minni and Ashkenaz. Appoint an officer against her; bring up horses like bristling grasshoppers.

23 (Eze 7:14) The shofar has sounded, everything is ready, but no one goes out to the battle, for my wrath is coming to all her many people. (Eze 33:3) Now if, upon seeing the sword coming against that country, he blows the shofar and warns the people; (Eze 33:4) then, if the sword comes and takes away someone who heard the sound of the shofar but paid no attention to it, the responsibility for that person's death will be his own (Eze 33:5) he heard the shofar but paid no attention, so the responsibility for his death is his own; whereas if he had paid attention, he would have saved his life. (Eze 33:6) But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the shofar, so that the people are not warned; and then the sword comes and takes any one of them, that one is indeed taken away in his guilt, but I will hold the watchman responsible for his death.' (Hos 5:8) "Blow the shofar in Giv`ah, a trumpet at Ramah; sound an alarm at Beit-Aven: 'Behind you, Binyamin!' (Hos 8:1) "Put the shofar to your lips! Like a vulture [he swoops down] on the house of Adonai, because they have violated my covenant and sinned intentionally against my Torah. (Joe 2:1) "Blow the shofar in Tziyon! Sound an alarm on my holy mountain!" Let all living in the land tremble, for the Day of Adonai is coming! It's upon us! (Joe 2:15) "Blow the shofar in Tziyon! Proclaim a holy fast, call for a solemn assembly

24 (Amo 2:2) I will send fire on Mo'av, and it will consume the palaces of K'riot. Mo'av will die with turmoil and shouting, along with the sound of the shofar. (Amo 3:6) When the shofar is blown in the city, don't the people tremble? Can disaster befall a city without Adonai's having done it? (Zep 1:16) a Day of the shofar and battle-cry against the fortified cities and against the high towers [on the city walls]. (Zec 9:14) Adonai will appear over them, and his arrow will flash like lightning. Adonai Elohim will blow the shofar and go out in the whirlwinds of the south.

25 (Mat 24:31) He will send out his angels with a great shofar; and they will gather together his chosen people from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. (1Co 15:52) It will take but a moment, the blink of an eye, at the final shofar. For the shofar will sound, and the dead will be raised to live forever, and we too will be changed. (1Th 4:16) For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a rousing cry, with a call from one of the ruling angels, and with God's shofar; those who died united with the Messiah will be the first to rise; (Heb 12:19) to the sound of a shofar, and to a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further message be given to them

26 (Rev 8:7) The first one sounded his shofar; and there came hail and fire mingled with blood, and it was thrown down upon the earth. A third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up. (Rev 8:8) The second angel sounded his shofar, and what looked like an enormous blazing mountain was hurled into the sea. A third of the sea turned to blood, (Rev 8:10) The third angel sounded his shofar; and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky onto a third of the rivers and onto the springs of water. (Rev 8:12) The fourth angel sounded his shofar; and a third of the sun was struck, also a third of the moon and a third of the stars; so that a third of them were darkened, the day had a third less light, and the night likewise.

27 (Rev 9:1) The fifth angel sounded his shofar; and I saw a star that had fallen out of heaven onto the earth, and he was given the key to the shaft leading down to the Abyss. (Rev 9:13) The sixth angel sounded his shofar, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the gold altar before God, (Rev 9:14) saying to the sixth angel, the one with the shofar, "Release the four angels that are bound at the great river Euphrates!" (Rev 10:7) on the contrary, in the days of the sound from the seventh angel when he sounds his shofar, the hidden plan of God will be brought to completion, the Good News as he proclaimed it to his servants the prophets." (Rev 11:15) The seventh angel sounded his shofar; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord and his Messiah, and he will rule forever and ever!"

28 Lev 23:23 Adonai said to Moshe, Lev 23:24 "Tell the people of Isra'el, 'In the seventh month, the first of the month is to be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy convocation announced with blasts on the shofar. Lev 23:25 Do not do any kind of ordinary work, and bring an offering made by fire to Adonai.' " Now read 26-44

29 If you dont know this then this will happen to you…. Zech 14:1-16 Read how this happens but specifically 16 Then see what happens in verse 17-21

30 Blowing of trumpets - Here and in Num_29:1, literally shouting. There is no mention of trumpets in the Hebrew text of the Law in connection with the day. H8643 תּרוּעה teru ̂ a ̂ h BDB Definition: 1) alarm, signal, sound of tempest, shout, shout or blast of war or alarm or joy 1a) alarm of war, war-cry, battle-cry 1b) blast (for march) 1c) shout of joy (with religious impulse) 1d) shout of joy (in general)

31 Psa 98:6 With trumpets and the sound of the shofar, shout for joy before the king, Adonai! In Psalm (Tehillim) 98:6 it is written, "With trumpets and the sound of the horn shout joyfully before the King, the Lord" (NAS). The blessing we receive from G-d when we understand the meaning of Yom Teruah and the blowing of the trumpet (shofar) is found in Psalm (Tehillim) 89:15, as it is written, Psa 89:15 How happy are the people who know the joyful shout! They walk in the light of your presence, Adonai. H8643 תּרוּעה teru ̂ a ̂ h BDB Definition: 1) alarm, signal, sound of tempest, shout, shout or blast of war or alarm or joy

32 Teruah means "an awakening blast." A theme associated with Yom Teruah is the theme "to awake." Teruah is also translated as "shout." The Book of Isaiah (Yeshayahu), chapter 12, puts the shouting in the context of the thousand-year reign of Messiah, the Athid Lavo. Isa 12:1 On that day you will say: "I thank you, Adonai, because, although you were angry at me, your anger is now turned away; and you are comforting me. Isa 12:2 "See! God is my salvation. I am confident and unafraid; for Yah Adonai is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation!" Isa 12:3 Then you will joyfully draw water from the springs of salvation. Isa 12:4 On that day you will say, "Give thanks to Adonai! Call on his name! Make his deeds known among the peoples, declare how exalted is his name. Isa 12:5 Sing to Adonai, for he has triumphed this is being made known throughout the earth. Isa 12:6 Shout and sing for joy, you who live in Tziyon; for the Holy One of Isra'el is with you in his greatness!"

33 Jeremiah (Yermiyahu) 31:7; Jer 31:6 (31:5) For a day will come when the watchmen on Mount Efrayim will call, 'Come, let's go up to Tziyon, to Adonai our God.' " Jer 31:7 (31:6) For here is what Adonai says: "Sing with joy for Ya`akov! shout for the chief of the nations! Proclaim your praise, and say: 'Adonai! You have saved your people, the remnant of Isra'el!' Jer 31:8 (31:7) Look! I am bringing them from the land in the north, gathering them from the far ends of the earth; among them are the blind and lame, women with children, women in labor, all together, a vast throng returning here. and Zephaniah 3:14.

34 Zephaniah 3:14 & 18 Zep 3:13 The remnant of Isra'el will not do wrong, nor will they speak lies, nor will there be found in their mouths a tongue given over to deceit; for they will be able to graze and lie down, with no one to disturb them. Zep 3:14 Sing, daughter of Tziyon! Shout, Isra'el! Be glad and rejoice with all your heart, daughter of Yerushalayim! Zep 3:15 Adonai has removed the judgments against you, he has expelled your enemy; the king of Isra'el, Adonai, is right there with you. You no longer need to fear that anything bad will happen. Zep 3:16 On that day, it will be said to Yerushalayim, "Do not fear, Tziyon! don't let your hands droop down. Zep 3:17 Adonai your God is right there with you, as a mighty savior. He will rejoice over you and be glad, he will be silent in his love, he will shout over you with joy." Zep 3:18 "I will gather those of yours who grieve over the appointed feasts and bear the burden of reproach [because they cannot keep them].

35 In the days of old, the shofar was used on very solemn occasions. We first find the shofar mentioned in connection with the revelation on Mount Sinai, when the voice of the shofar was exceedingly strong and all the people who were in the camp trembled (Exodus [Shemot] 19:16b). Thus, the shofar we hear on Yom Teruah ought to remind us of our acceptance of the Torah (Bible) and our obligations to it. The shofar also used to be sounded when war was waged upon a dangerous enemy. Thus, the shofar we hear on Yom Teruah ought to also serve as a battle cry to wage war against our inner enemy -- our evil inclinations and passions as well as the devil, Ha Satan, himself. The shofar was also sounded on the Jubilee Year, heralding freedom from slavery (Leviticus [Vayikra] 25:9-10).

36 RABBINIC UNDERSTANDING FOR WITNESSING PURPOSES Yom HaDin: The Day of Judgment Another name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom HaDin, the Day of Judgment. It was seen that on this day, G-d would sit in court and all men would pass before Him to be judged. Three great books will be opened as each man is weighed in the balance and placed into one of three categories (Talmud, Rosh HaShanah 6b). It has been taught that the school of Shammai says that there will be three classes on the final Day of Judgment, one of the wholly righteous, one of the wholly wicked, and one of the intermediates. The wholly righteous are at once inscribed and sealed for life in the world to come; the wholly wicked are at once inscribed and sealed for perdition (Talmud, Rosh HaShanah 16b-17a).

37 Yom HaDin: The Day of Judgment Another name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom HaDin, the Day of Judgment. It was seen that on this day, G-d would sit in court and all men would pass before Him to be judged. Three great books will be opened as each man is weighed in the balance and placed into one of three categories (Talmud, Rosh HaShanah 6b). It has been taught that the school of Shammai says that there will be three classes on the final Day of Judgment, one of the wholly righteous, one of the wholly wicked, and one of the intermediates. The wholly righteous are at once inscribed and sealed for life in the world to come; the wholly wicked are at once inscribed and sealed for perdition (Talmud, Rosh HaShanah 16b-17a).

38 The Opening of the Gates & the Wedding The gates of Heaven are opened on Yom Teruah so the righteous nation may enter (Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 26:2; Psalm [Tehillim] 118:19-20). Because the gates of Heaven are understood to be open on Yom Teruah. Isa 26:1 On that day this song will be sung in the land of Y'hudah: "We have a strong city! He has built walls and ramparts for our safety. Isa 26:2 Open the gates! Let the righteous nation enter, a nation that keeps faith! Isa 26:3 "A person whose desire rests on you you preserve in perfect peace, because he trusts in you. Isa 26:4 Trust in Adonai forever, because in Yah Adonai, is a Rock of Ages." Isa 26:5 For he has humbled those in high places, levelling the lofty city, levelling it to the ground, laying it in the dust. Isa 26:6 It is trampled underfoot by the feet of the poor, by the footsteps of the needy. Tehillim 118:1-20

39 The Opening of the Gates & the Wedding Yom Teruah -The preparation for the Wedding of the Messiah The Bible is a marriage covenant. Both the Tanach (Old Testament) and the Brit Hadashah (New Testament) describe how God through the Mashiach (Messiah), the Bridegroom, is in the process of marrying His bride, the believers in Him who will ultimately live and dwell with Him forever.


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