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Gr 10 Health Relationships and Risk Taking Behaviour.

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Presentation on theme: "Gr 10 Health Relationships and Risk Taking Behaviour."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gr 10 Health Relationships and Risk Taking Behaviour

2 Minimizing Your Risks -Note Avoid use of alcohol and drugsAvoid use of alcohol and drugs Use substances in moderationUse substances in moderation Use the buddy systemUse the buddy system Watch your drinksWatch your drinks Dont accept drinks from strangersDont accept drinks from strangers Think about your sexual decisions while you are soberThink about your sexual decisions while you are sober Talk to your partner/friends/family about sexual decisions while sober.Talk to your partner/friends/family about sexual decisions while sober.

3 Gateway Drugs- Note What are they? The use of certain drugs (such as alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) can lead to use of other drugs (such as cocaine, heroin, LSD)The use of certain drugs (such as alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) can lead to use of other drugs (such as cocaine, heroin, LSD) Alcohol and tobacco are usually the first drugs that young people experiment with or use.Alcohol and tobacco are usually the first drugs that young people experiment with or use. Teens that drink heavily or binge drink are more likely to use other drugs.Teens that drink heavily or binge drink are more likely to use other drugs.

4 DRINKING AND DRIVING Impaired driving accidents are the largest single cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19.Impaired driving accidents are the largest single cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19. In 2006, 3,122 people were killed in automobile accidents. Of these 1,278 deaths involved alcohol.In 2006, 3,122 people were killed in automobile accidents. Of these 1,278 deaths involved alcohol. This doesnt take into account deaths with ATVs, skidoos, boats etc.This doesnt take into account deaths with ATVs, skidoos, boats etc. Teens make up an unusually large percentage of these deaths. This is due to lack of driving experience, reckless decision making, and inexperience with drugs.Teens make up an unusually large percentage of these deaths. This is due to lack of driving experience, reckless decision making, and inexperience with drugs. Also not considered are serious injuries, damage to property, and other associated costs. (upward of 2 billion dollars a year)Also not considered are serious injuries, damage to property, and other associated costs. (upward of 2 billion dollars a year) Males account for 87% of deaths for teenagers in alcohol related accidents.Males account for 87% of deaths for teenagers in alcohol related accidents.

5 BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION Blood Alcohol Concentration is related to the number of drinks a person consumes, their weight and length of time the alcohol has been consumed in.Blood Alcohol Concentration is related to the number of drinks a person consumes, their weight and length of time the alcohol has been consumed in. It is measured as mg of alcohol/100 ml of blood.It is measured as mg of alcohol/100 ml of blood. Example 73 kg persons BAC would be (1hour)Example 73 kg persons BAC would be (1hour). 031/1drink.047/2 drinks.07/3 drinks. 094/4 drinks. 031/1drink.047/2 drinks.07/3 drinks. 094/4 drinks BAC can be measured using a breathalyzer or doing urine/blood samplesBAC can be measured using a breathalyzer or doing urine/blood samples

6 IMPAIRED DRIVING LAWS Young drivers on graduated licenses cannot have any alcohol in their system.Young drivers on graduated licenses cannot have any alcohol in their system. Drivers with a blood alcohol concentration between 0.05 to 0.08 (warn range) get the following penaltiesDrivers with a blood alcohol concentration between 0.05 to 0.08 (warn range) get the following penalties 1st offence3 day suspension/$150 fee1st offence3 day suspension/$150 fee 2nd offence7 day suspension/$150 fee/alcohol education2nd offence7 day suspension/$150 fee/alcohol education 3rd offence30 day suspension/$150 fee/alcohol treatment/ ignition control3rd offence30 day suspension/$150 fee/alcohol treatment/ ignition control

7 IMPAIRED DRIVING LAWS Drivers with a blood alcohol concentration greater than 0.08 (impaired) will get the following penaltiesDrivers with a blood alcohol concentration greater than 0.08 (impaired) will get the following penalties 1st offence 1 year suspension/$1000 fine/alcohol education/ alcohol treatment/ignition control 1 year1st offence 1 year suspension/$1000 fine/alcohol education/ alcohol treatment/ignition control 1 year 2nd offence2 year suspension/$1000+ fine/alcohol education/ alcohol treatment/30 days jail/alcohol ignition 3 years2nd offence2 year suspension/$1000+ fine/alcohol education/ alcohol treatment/30 days jail/alcohol ignition 3 years 3rd offencelifetime suspension(review after 10 years)/$1000+fine alcohol education/alcohol treatment/120 days jail/ alcohol ignition lifetime3rd offencelifetime suspension(review after 10 years)/$1000+fine alcohol education/alcohol treatment/120 days jail/ alcohol ignition lifetime

8 Legal Aspects of Alcohol Use Legal drinking age in Ontario is 19 Bars close at 2 am It is illegal to be intoxicated in public It is illegal to use false ID It is illegal to supply alcohol to someone who is intoxicated It is illegal to serve alcohol to a minor

9 A host is responsible for the safety of intoxicated guests. It is illegal to drive a motorized vehicle while intoxicated. It is illegal to drink in public places. It is illegal to refuse a breathalyzer test. It is legal for a minor to drink in a private residence as long as your guardians are present. It is illegal to for an adult to serve a minor without a guardian present.

10 Legal Aspects of Tobacco Use It is illegal to smoke if under the age of 19. It is illegal to smoke in public places. It is illegal to provide tobacco to a minor. It is illegal to advertise tobacco products.

11 Reality Check: Alcohol and the Law Are the following situations legal or illegal? Discuss with a partner.Are the following situations legal or illegal? Discuss with a partner. Legal Issues Case StudiesLegal Issues Case Studies

12 Case Studies - Answers 1) Illegal Its illegal for ANYONE to smoke ANYWHERE on school propertyIts illegal for ANYONE to smoke ANYWHERE on school property If under 16, the person will receive a court summons to appear in court and a judge will determine the fine.If under 16, the person will receive a court summons to appear in court and a judge will determine the fine.

13 2) LEGAL If in the company of his/her parents, at homeIf in the company of his/her parents, at home

14 3) ILLEGAL To serve alcohol to underage friends of childrenTo serve alcohol to underage friends of children

15 4) ILLEGAL Possession or 30gm or less of marijuana is an offence which carries a maximum fine of $1000 or 6 mths in jailPossession or 30gm or less of marijuana is an offence which carries a maximum fine of $1000 or 6 mths in jail

16 5) ILLEGAL Breath samples are required when requested unless there is a medical excuse.Breath samples are required when requested unless there is a medical excuse. A license can be suspended for 90 days because of a failed or refused breath testA license can be suspended for 90 days because of a failed or refused breath test

17 6) ILLEGAL A motorist can be convicted, in a parking lot or on the roadA motorist can be convicted, in a parking lot or on the road Being in a position to set the car in motion can result in a convictionBeing in a position to set the car in motion can result in a conviction

18 7) ILLEGAL To sell or supple alcohol to others (in a restaurant, bar or at home) if that person appears to be intoxicatedTo sell or supple alcohol to others (in a restaurant, bar or at home) if that person appears to be intoxicated

19 8) ILLEGAL Carlo can be convicted for trafficking for transporting a drugCarlo can be convicted for trafficking for transporting a drug No money needs to exchange handsNo money needs to exchange hands

20 9) ILLEGAL FOR RETAILER Retailer must sell cigarettes in packs of at least 20 or be charged with a fine of up to $10 000Retailer must sell cigarettes in packs of at least 20 or be charged with a fine of up to $10 000 The corporation can be fined up to $100 000 and may lose rights to sell tobaccoThe corporation can be fined up to $100 000 and may lose rights to sell tobacco The store clerk can be fined $215-$4000The store clerk can be fined $215-$4000

21 10) ILLEGAL To give or sell tobacco to anyone under 19To give or sell tobacco to anyone under 19 Can be fined $215-$4000Can be fined $215-$4000

22 11) ILLEGAL To give alcohol to someone under 19 or allow this to happen at your event even if you do not personally provide the alcoholTo give alcohol to someone under 19 or allow this to happen at your event even if you do not personally provide the alcohol

23 12) LEGAL Possession of solvents and aerosols is not prohibitedPossession of solvents and aerosols is not prohibited Some provinces and states have regulations to restricts the sale of glues and make sniffing og solvents illegalSome provinces and states have regulations to restricts the sale of glues and make sniffing og solvents illegal

24 13) ILLEGAL Ecstasy is an illicit drugEcstasy is an illicit drug Charge of possession will result in a court appearance and a conviction could lead to a fine or jailCharge of possession will result in a court appearance and a conviction could lead to a fine or jail

25 14) LEGAL Needle exchange is recognized as an effective harm reduction measure, so although use of heroin is illegal, his health and safety of community is protectedNeedle exchange is recognized as an effective harm reduction measure, so although use of heroin is illegal, his health and safety of community is protected

26 The Metabolism of Alcohol 1.Absorption – occurs in the stomach and small intestines. It is between this time and the time of oxidation that the effects of alcohol are felt. 2.Distribution – alcohol is distributed to organs and cells 3.Oxidation – alcohol is broken down into CO 2, H 2 O and energy. This take place in the liver. The liver can do this at a rate of 30ml of alcohol per hour therefore it takes approx. 1 hour for the effect of each drink to wear off.

27 Contd 4. Elimination – 2-5% of alcohol escapes unused through the breath, urine and glands. Diluting alcohol helps to slow down this rate, but mixing it with a carbonated drink increases it. The amount a person drinks in relationship to the body weight will determine how great the effect will also be.

28 Environmental Factors Which Influence Ones Sexuality- Note Sexuality is the total expression of an individuals femaleness or maleness through that persons feelings, beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviours. Environmental Factors: 1.School 2.Culture 3.Religion 4.Environment 5.Family 6.Media 7.society

29 Environmental Factors Peers Your group of friends all date each otherYour group of friends all date each other Talk about other people having sex before marriageTalk about other people having sex before marriage The way you dress compared to everyone elseThe way you dress compared to everyone else Your friends sexual orientationYour friends sexual orientation Your friends may only want sex – not looking for a relationshipYour friends may only want sex – not looking for a relationship Someone to talk about relationship decisionsSomeone to talk about relationship decisions

30 Culture Music – rap music – promiscuity is made to look cool, scantily clad women and men in videosMusic – rap music – promiscuity is made to look cool, scantily clad women and men in videos Religion – may make you feel guilty if you want to express your sexuality, some prohibit sex before marriage and against homosexualityReligion – may make you feel guilty if you want to express your sexuality, some prohibit sex before marriage and against homosexuality Environmental (big vs small city) – news travels fast in a small town, more influences in a big cityEnvironmental (big vs small city) – news travels fast in a small town, more influences in a big city Race/Ethnicity – differing views, the more diversity around you the more you are faced with more influences of other cultures.Race/Ethnicity – differing views, the more diversity around you the more you are faced with more influences of other cultures.

31 Media Music VideosMusic Videos Characters on TV shows and in movies tend to date a lot and a lot of story lines revolve around relationshipsCharacters on TV shows and in movies tend to date a lot and a lot of story lines revolve around relationships Magazine covers and ads – sex sellsMagazine covers and ads – sex sells

32 Family Positives: Strong family values that are passed on to you will influence your sexualityStrong family values that are passed on to you will influence your sexuality If family is religious then you may suppress your sexualityIf family is religious then you may suppress your sexuality If family openly talks about sexuality and sexual healthIf family openly talks about sexuality and sexual healthNegatives: Family too restricting you may want to rebelFamily too restricting you may want to rebel Could be bad influence if older siblings are expressing unhealthy sexual behaviours.Could be bad influence if older siblings are expressing unhealthy sexual behaviours.

33 Religion Not condoning sex before marriageNot condoning sex before marriage Some do not want women showing any skin – find other ways to express sexualitySome do not want women showing any skin – find other ways to express sexuality Some do not accept homosexualitySome do not accept homosexuality Some want control over childrens relationshipsSome want control over childrens relationships If you devote yourself to your religion (nuns, etc) you make the decision to not have any sexual activity with anyone.If you devote yourself to your religion (nuns, etc) you make the decision to not have any sexual activity with anyone.

34 Society Has become more accepting of sexuality and how people express itHas become more accepting of sexuality and how people express it Clothing in teens and youth has become much more revealing than in previous generationsClothing in teens and youth has become much more revealing than in previous generations Sexuality is discussed more and it has become more mainstream – yet it is rarely done from a sexual health point of viewSexuality is discussed more and it has become more mainstream – yet it is rarely done from a sexual health point of view

35 Important Qualities in an Intimate Relationship- Note Show that you care for the other personShow that you care for the other person Have a sense of humourHave a sense of humour Communicate!Communicate! Do meaningful things togetherDo meaningful things together Maintain relationships with other people.Maintain relationships with other people. Understand your partners decisionsUnderstand your partners decisions Need to tolerate each others weaker momentsNeed to tolerate each others weaker moments Accept each others styleAccept each others style

36 Note: Abstinence What is abstinence? It can mean different things to different people, for some it means no physical contact, others limited contact is allowed, but generally means no sexual intercourse. It is the only 100% safe method of birth control and STI protection.It can mean different things to different people, for some it means no physical contact, others limited contact is allowed, but generally means no sexual intercourse. It is the only 100% safe method of birth control and STI protection.

37 Note: Virginity Never having sexual intercourseNever having sexual intercourse Do you have to be a virgin to be abstinent? No, abstinent means no sexual intercourse so even though you may have had it, you can always return to abstinence.No, abstinent means no sexual intercourse so even though you may have had it, you can always return to abstinence.

38 Note What makes abstinence work in a relationship? CommunicationCommunication CommitmentCommitment AssertiveAssertive Self esteemSelf esteem Self controlSelf control Awareness of valuesAwareness of values Co-operation from partnerCo-operation from partner

39 Note What makes abstinence fail in a relationship? Alcohol/drugsAlcohol/drugs Peer pressurePeer pressure Threat or forceThreat or force alone for the weekend – putting yourself in a potentially bad situationalone for the weekend – putting yourself in a potentially bad situation

40 Intimate Relationships Intimate Relationships Must demonstrate: Time spent togetherTime spent together A mutual desire for closenessA mutual desire for closeness Mutual respect, equalityMutual respect, equality A high degree of trust built over timeA high degree of trust built over time

41 STIs Note How does HIV/AIDS and Hep B and C differ from other STIs? They are blood borne diseases and can be spread by close sexual contact, intercourse, blood transfusions, needles, piercing or tatoo equipment.They are blood borne diseases and can be spread by close sexual contact, intercourse, blood transfusions, needles, piercing or tatoo equipment.

42 Contd - note STIs can be viral or bacterial/parasitic. What do these words mean? Viral = it can remain inactive for periods of time with no symptoms. Viruss can be treated with medications, but not cured so you will have it for your whole life.Viral = it can remain inactive for periods of time with no symptoms. Viruss can be treated with medications, but not cured so you will have it for your whole life. Eg) genital warts, HIV/AIDS, Hep b and C, HerpesEg) genital warts, HIV/AIDS, Hep b and C, Herpes Bacterial/Parasitic = it can be treated and cured with antibiotics or antimicrobial medications.Bacterial/Parasitic = it can be treated and cured with antibiotics or antimicrobial medications. Eg) gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, pubic lice, scabies, vaginitisEg) gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, pubic lice, scabies, vaginitis

43 Contd - note The best way to avoid getting an STI might be: Using a latex condom or dental damUsing a latex condom or dental dam Communicating with partnerCommunicating with partner Mutual monogamy (only 1 partner)Mutual monogamy (only 1 partner) Lower risk sexual activitiesLower risk sexual activities Have regular STI testing doneHave regular STI testing done

44 Contd - note Some common STI symptoms could be: NoneNone Unusual discharge or odor from genitalsUnusual discharge or odor from genitals Abdominal painAbdominal pain Burning when urinatingBurning when urinating SpottingSpotting Sore or bumps around genitalsSore or bumps around genitals Sore throat after oral sexSore throat after oral sex Flu like symptomsFlu like symptoms

45 note If I thought I had an STI I would: Get testedGet tested Tell my partnerTell my partner If I thought my friend had an STI I would Encourage them to get tested and tell their partnerEncourage them to get tested and tell their partner

46 note If I tested positive for an STI I would: Get treatmentGet treatment Tell my partnerTell my partner Practice safer sex/lower risk activitiesPractice safer sex/lower risk activities

47 STIs STI Research ProjectSTI Research Project You will research an assigned STI and create a brochure or poster outlining particular information indicated on the assignment.You will research an assigned STI and create a brochure or poster outlining particular information indicated on the assignment.


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