Presentation on theme: "Gender equality can boost economic growth"— Presentation transcript:
1 Gender equality can boost economic growth Prof. Louka T. Katseli, DirectorOECD Development CentreMeasuring and Fostering the Progress of SocietiesIstanbul June 2007
2 Presentation Outline I Gender equality: Some trends II Why focus on gender equality?IIIUnderstanding and measuring gender equalityIVPolicy lessons
3 Gender equality is getting more and more attention… Bangladeshi women take part in a protest demanding equal rights in Dhaka.Photo: AFP
4 …and a voiceWomen police officers in India have formed a national forum to fight sexual harassment and discrimination from their male colleagues.Photo: BBC news
5 But women in powerful positions are still an exception… Chile: M. BacheletFinland: T. HalonenGermany: A. MerkelLiberia: E. Johnson SirleafOut of 193 heads of state, only 23 are women!
6 IGender equality: Some trendsIIWhy focus on gender equality?IIIUnderstanding and measuring gender equalityIVConclusions and Outlook
7 Gender Equality: Intrinsic and instrumental values One of the Millennium Development GoalsA potential driver for economic growthA double dividend for OECD countriesincreasing work force and improving demographicsMore sustainable growth in non-OECD countries
8 A new trend in OECD countries: Employment and fertility can go together Source: Babies and Bosses, OECD (2005)8
9 In non-OECD countries: Lagging growth due to gender inequality Growth effect of closing the gender gap in schooling.1234Sub-Saharan AfricaSouth AsiaMiddle East/North Africa(percent)Actual growth rateProjected growth rateSource: “Engendering Development” (PRR) 2001, in WDR 2000/01, “Attacking Poverty”.
10 IGender equality: Some trendsIIWhy focus on gender equality?IIIUnderstanding and measuring gender equalityIVConclusions and Outlook
11 Gender equality has many dimensions… …and also involves social institutionsSocial InstitutionsHealth and WellbeingEducational AttainmentPolitical EmpowermentEconomic ParticipationTraditional Building Blocksof Gender Equality
12 The OECD Data Base on Gender GID-DBThe OECD Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base…and its innovation:Social Institutions’ VariablesFamily CodePhysical IntegrityCivil LibertiesOwnership Rights
13 Gender inequality in social institutions Elevated discrimination in social institutionsModerate discrimination in social institutionsHigh discrimination in social institutionsLow discrimination in social institutionsCountry not included in GID-DBWomen in Africa, the Middle East and South Asia face impediments to gender equality
14 …not necessarily associated with per capita income Scale: 0 (minimum) to 1 (maximum) = level of discrimination through social institutionsSource: GID Database
15 IGender equality: Some trendsIIWhy focus on gender equality?IIIUnderstanding and measuring gender equalityIVPolicy lessons
16 Policy lessons OECD countries: Non-OECD countries: Change mindsets Allow for a better balance between family life and workSpecific instruments: taxes, allowances, leave provision etc.Non-OECD countries:Improve data collection and monitor progressBetter understand local specificitiesEnsure effective design and implementation of lawsStrengthen the voice of womenCommunicate benefits of reforms
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