Presentation on theme: "The Effects of Television Violence on our Children Jenny Hanson Fall 2004."— Presentation transcript:
The Effects of Television Violence on our Children Jenny Hanson Fall 2004
The following site contains a trailer of an upcoming movie. It takes some time to load, but it is an excellent example of the violence children are viewing at theaters and on TV.
Kids' viewing of TV violence linked to aggression as adults (AP) -- People who watch violent television as children behave more aggressively even 15 years later, according to one of the few TV violence studies to follow children into adulthood. Monday, March 10, 2003
While TV violence is not the only cause of aggressive or violent behavior, it is clearly a significant factor.
The study linked violent TV viewing at ages 6 to 9 to such outcomes as spouse abuse and criminal convictions in a person's early 20s. The effect appeared in both sexes irregardless of how aggressive a person was as a child. Televised violence suggests to young children that aggression is appropriate in some situations. It also erodes childrens natural aversion to violence.
Children may become less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others. Children may be more fearful of the world around them. Children may be more likely to behave in aggressive ways toward others. The three major effects of seeing violence on television are:
As parents, we need to provide guidelines for our childrens television viewing. The next few slides suggest some ways that we can begin to overcome poor viewing habits and help our children become selective consumers of videos and television programs.
It is not enough to say "no" to certain programs. Provide alternatives, such as games, reading, art projects, playing outside, or park district classes. Once your children learn that there are other ways to have fun, they won't feel deprived by limited TV.
Keep the TV out of your child's bedroom. Know what programs your children are watching, rather than allowing the TV to be a passive baby-sitter. Watch TV with your children. Provide a dialogue and discussion, including asking your children what the people on the show are feeling to promote empathy.
Give your children a TV allowance. Help them make decisions on how to spend the hours they are allotted. Present a good role model by limiting your own TV viewing. Rule out TV at certain times, such as before breakfast or during homework.
Encourage your children to watch programs in which the characters are helpful and caring toward each other. Carefully monitor cartoons. They are often the worst offenders in terms of violence. Protect younger children from the violence on the news. If are exposed to violence, talk to them about what is happening and how the problem might be solved.
Watching TV violence can be harmful to the mental health of children. Remember that children view life differently than adults. Scenes that seem Ok to an eight-year-old child may badly frighten a four-year-old.
We cannot expect our children to monitor their own TV watching. We, as adults, must do it for them. Parents need to set limits on the amount and the kinds of programs that their children watch. Plan weekly television schedules with your children. By teaching children to make thoughtful choices about what they watch on television, parents can encourage children to watch programs that are educational or at least benign.
Watch at least one episode of the programs your child regularly views, and discuss the content with them. Explain incidents children may have questions about, and discuss alternatives to violence for solving problems.
Encourage your children to watch educational programs. Talk about what you see on TV. Limit watching time to no more than 20 hours per week. Talk to your children about how the characters feel, and encourage them to create other endings for the programs they watch. Ask your children if violence is ever funny, as in cartoons, and point out that real life doesn't work that way.
Parents can protect children from excessive TV violence in the following ways: - Point out that although the actor has not actually been hurt or killed, such violence in real life results in pain or death. - Refuse to let the children see shows known to be violent.
Change the channel or turn off the TV set when offensive material comes on; then give an explanation of what is wrong with the program. Disapprove of violent episodes and stress that such behavior is not the best way to resolve a problem. Build a home video library to ensure that quality movies are always available for your children to watch.
Teach children to differentiate between fiction/fantasy and real life. Teach children not to bully others, and what they should do if they are being bullied by someone. Encourage your children to watch programs in which the characters are helpful and caring toward each other.
Monitoring childrens viewing takes extra time and dedication. It is not an easy task; your children will not thank you for your dictates. But parenting has never been for the faint of heart.
Although this presentation focuses on television violence, parents also need to be aware of Video Game violence. Video games come with warnings to help parents decide which titles are appropriate for their children. However, the salespeople do not enforce the rating system, nor do the rental sites. It is up to the parents to stand firm and make the tough, unpopular, but very necessary decisions about which games their children are allowed to play.
The next two slides present Warning Signs parents should watch for that will tell them if their child is spending too much time engaged in questionable activities on the Internet. In addition to monitoring your childs TV and video viewing habits, and banning violent Video games, parents must be vigilant when their young ones are surfing the Internet. The Impact of Violent Computer Games on Children By Dr. Kimberly Young, Expert Cyberpsychologist
Warning Signs in the School-Aged Child: Consistently does not listen to adults. Has trouble paying attention and concentrating. Has few friends, and is often rejected by other children because of his or her behavior. Is not sensitive to the feelings of others. Often disrupts classroom activities. Does poorly in school. Is easily frustrated.
Frequently gets into fights with other children in school. Reacts to disappointments, criticism, or teasing with extreme and intense anger, blame, or revenge. Watches many violent television shows and movies or plays a lot of violent video games. Makes friends with other children known to be unruly or aggressive. Is cruel or violent toward pets or other animals. Dr. Young, expert Cyberpsychologist and the author of Caught in the Net the first recovery book for Internet Addiction. Warning Signs in the School-Aged Child
The government wont limit the violence. The television networks wont limit the violence. Only parents can control their childrens viewing habits and ensure that what they watch helps them grow into decent, caring individuals.
Parents, Band together with the parents of your childrens friends to limit the amount of time your children can watch TV and the programs you will allow them to watch. Stand firm about when and what your children can watch. You can make the difference.
True of False 1.The government is attempting to ban violence on all networks that feed into homes with children. 2. Children who watch violent shows are more likely to choose violence as a means to solve problems. 3. Children who view violent programs are more likely to avoid violence as an adult 4. Prime time commercials are often the worst offenders in terms of violence. 5. Cartoons are monitored by the Networks and those that are deemed too violent are removed from the Saturday morning lineup. 6. If your eight year old child tells you a show is not scary, you can safely assume that your four year old can watch it with the family. 7. Children should always be encouraged to watch the news as it is relevant to their lives. Try the Protect the Children Quiz on Television Violence Answers False 5. False True 6. False True 7. False False
Credits Kids' viewing of TV violence linked to aggression as adults. CNN News. Monday, March 10, Children and TV Violence. American Academy of Child and Adolescent, Psychiatry, April 1999, Children and television violence,1999 Kids and TV Violence, DuPage County Health Department. May 24, Video Games/TV/Internet. Talking About Kids, Kalin, C.,Television, Violence, and Children, Media Literacy Review, June, Senate report: Media violence affects kids, The Associated Press, August 1999, Dr. Young, Kids and Computers - Addiction and Media Violence BloodRayne 2, PC Games
Sources by Slide Number: Images and Sounds 1.http://www.vredesopvoeding.be/violence-tv.gif Kid watching TVhttp://www.vredesopvoeding.be/violence-tv.gif 2.http://teacher.scholastic.com/kidusasu/violence/img/violent1.gif Picture of TV and wordshttp://teacher.scholastic.com/kidusasu/violence/img/violent1.gif TvKid.gif 3. Kid stabs dadhttp://www.uni-koeln.de/phil-fak/paedsem/psych/medien/medpsy/tv_konsu/grafik5.gif Two girls watching TV 4.http://www.topics-mag.com/edition02/images/tv_kidsyuki.jpeghttp://www.topics-mag.com/edition02/images/tv_kidsyuki.jpeg 5.http://www.pbs.org/parents/issuesadvice/talkingwithkids/war/images/tv.gifhttp://www.pbs.org/parents/issuesadvice/talkingwithkids/war/images/tv.gif 6.Senate Report: Media Violence Affects Kids 7.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 8.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 9.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 10.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 11.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 12.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 13.Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection Boy with Globehttp://www.cssd11.k12.co.us/bristol/images/cartoon/boyglobelt.gif 15. Boy with Applehttp://www.gov.ns.ca/nsaf/foodsafety/factsht/boyappl.jpg 16. Kids watching TV picturehttp://www.fema.gov/kids/twins/flood/kids_tv3.gif 17. Boy using computerhttp://www.doe.state.la.us/lde/icons/instructional%20resources.jpg 18. Boy bullying girl.http://www.safety-council.org/images/bully.jpg 19. Antanae kids.gif 20. Warning labelhttp://www.nintendo.com/gamemini?gameid=m-Game Fighting gamehttp://www.nintendo.com/gamemini?gameid=m-Game Book Coverhttp://www.netaddiction.com/products/New_Video_Cover_XL.jpg Baby on computerhttp://disabilities.temple.edu/presentations/Built/Image3.jpg 23. Boy and computer picturehttp://www.air.org/tapartnership/images/computer.GIF 24. Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 25. Country School Graphics and Clip Art Collection 26. None Dad with childrenhttp://www.copta.org/images/kids%20with%20tv.gif
Sources Kids' viewing of TV violence linked to aggression as adults. CNN News. Monday, March 10, Children and TV Violence. American Academy of Child and Adolescent, Psychiatry, April 1999, Children and television violence,1999 Kids and TV Violence, DuPage County Health Department. May 24, Video Games/TV/Internet. Talking About Kids, Kalin, C.,Television, Violence, and Children, Media Literacy Review, June, Senate report: Media violence affects kids, The Associated Press, August 1999, Dr. Young, Kids and Computers - Addiction and Media Violence BloodRayne 2, PC Games Credits Microsoft PowerPoint