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Development of Client-side Map Mashups: Experiences and Road ahead N. Rama Kumar Acharyulu Scientist, Advanced Data Processing Research Institute (ADRIN),

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Presentation on theme: "Development of Client-side Map Mashups: Experiences and Road ahead N. Rama Kumar Acharyulu Scientist, Advanced Data Processing Research Institute (ADRIN),"— Presentation transcript:

1 Development of Client-side Map Mashups: Experiences and Road ahead N. Rama Kumar Acharyulu Scientist, Advanced Data Processing Research Institute (ADRIN), Dept. of Space, Govt. of India, Secunderabad. 08 th February 2012 India Geo-spatial Forum 14 th International Conference

2 Research agenda To identify possibilities of extracting and using information available from vast GIS and associated data and services (APIs) available over the Internet using mashup technologies and bring out the intricacies in development of a client-side mashup with map based and temporal visualization preferably from a non- programmer perspective. Leveraging paradigm changes in Internet technologies such as web 2.0, cloud enabled platforms, Geo-enabled RSS feeds of data, online-mapping, wikis, data streaming etc. India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

3 A brief Introduction to mashups Definition - a mashup is a web application that combines data from one or more sources into a single integrated tool On the Web it means taking information published from multiple sources and integrating it into a new information stream India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

4 Is Mashup a programming technique? It is a concept, rather than a newly evolved programming paradigm The popularity of mashups today is to be attributed to the wide availability of data and services / APIs coupled with ubiquitous availability

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6 Classification of mashups Depending on the assets being combined – -presentation mashup (widgets based) -data mashup (feeds, web services & HTML) -functionality mashup ( API based) Ex: -Mapping mashups (combination of information into maps (Google maps, Yahoo maps etc.) -Foto/video mashups (eg. from flickr, you-tube etc.) -Shopping mashups (for product pricing) -Business mashups (salesforce.com for real-estate) -News mashups ( integration of news into personal pages) India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

7 Classification of mashups contd… Depending on location of implementation – -Server side implementations on a server for hosting to a group of intended users rather than personal -Client-side mashups Most popular and enables integration of resources on the client, often a browser India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

8 Classification of mashups contd… Depending on intended usage – -Consumer mashup intended for public use and combines resources from different public or private sources in the browser -Enterprise mashups (intranet applications) merges multiple resources (e.g., data and application functionality) of systems in an enterprise environment. considers security, governance or enterprise policies India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

9 A brief Introduction to Web 2.0 The term Web 2.0 (2004–present) is commonly associated with web applications that facilitate interactive information sharing, interoperability, user-centered design, and collaboration on the World Wide Web. Examples: web-based communities, hosted services, RSS /JSON based feeds, web applications, social- networking sites, video-sharing sites, wikis, blogs, mashups, and folksonomies India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

10 Background for experimentation Quickly build an online mapping application with user provided data Extract content from the current static websites that do not offer data as standard feeds Aggregate and filter out contents from multiple feed data Extract geo-location information from content that explicitly does not provide coordinate information India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

11 Background for experimentation Visualize data temporally Identify client-side development environments that exist specifically in the form of visual programming environments that help non-programmers Host new services generated out of mashing up Push the output results using services or instant messaging services as alerts India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

12 Experimentation work Task – 1: Composing a web map with client side data added as layers Input data:Publicly available shapefiles of India states and waterline layers Tools used:public cloud based ArcGIS.com Explanation: This task uses a base map from a different source and client side data is added in the form of layers that can toggled for visualization, queryable and even editable. This task uses public GIS cloud platform for composition of a web map. India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

13 Results of task1 A GIS map prepared on public cloud India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

14 Experimentation work contd… Task – 2: Creating live RSS feeds from static websites Technique used:Web scraping Input data source:JNTUH website (www.jntu.ac.in) Tools used: Yahoo pipes and Google Feed burner Explanation: The JNTUH posts notifications and announcements through web notice board and the students are expected to often visit the site for an update. In this task only the latest updates are picked up as and when they are posted and created as a RSS feed that can give an alert to students or Mobile phone. Output : India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

15 Results of task2 JNTUH web site Home page and R&D downloads page contents India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

16 Results of task2 contd… Web scraping attempted in Yahoo pipes Result As RSS feed India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

17 Experimentation work contd… Task – 3: Feed aggregation and filtering based on a user entered keyword Input data source:Rss news feeds from NDTV, The Hindu, Rediff, Frontline Tools used: Yahoo pipes Explanation: In this task the above four news feeds were aggregated and later passed through a filter that searches for a user entered keyword and generates a single feed content that has the keyword present in it. Such kind of mashups are useful to generate an alert to the user with content matching his or her interest. India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

18 Results of task3 Feed aggregation and filtering attempted in Yahoo pipes News alert based on a user entered keyword India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

19 Experimentation work contd… Task – 4: Geo-tagging The Hindu news feed and overlay on a map and extracting timestamps to display it in a temporal fashion. Technique used:a map mashup using geonames API Input data source:The Hindu news feed URL (http://www.thehindu.com/news/?services=rss) Tools used: Yahoo pipes Explanation: The Hindu news RSS feed is not location tagged. It is more convenient to read news over a map for which the news must be geo-tagged. This task geo-tags the news using the place names mentioned in the feed with geo-names database. Also, the news is displayed over a timeline that user can drag. India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

20 Results of task4 The Hindu news geo-tagged and displayed over a map as clickable icons India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

21 Results of task4 contd… The Hindu news displayed in a temporal fashion India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

22 Experimentation work contd… Task – 5: Overlaying latest Earthquake info. on Bhuvan3D Technique used:a map mashup of earthquake info Input data source:The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) website Tools used: Bhuvan 3D API Explanation: This task was implemented as a simple map mashup to overlay geo-tagged Earthquake information on a map India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

23 Results of task5 contd… India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

24 Results of task5 contd… The IMD earthquake info overlaid on Bhuvan 3D India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

25 Observations Building an interesting and useful mashup application requires –Identifying publicly available GIS data sources –The associated information in the form of multi-media content, data feeds etc. –Identifying data that is required to be extracted or processed in turn to generate new kind of information –The required APIs to perform the task –Selecting the appropriate tool to implement the task –Good widgets based presentation components India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

26 Observations contd… Interesting mashup applications can be built using piping or wiring models to intermix or transform the input data In regard to GIS mashups, map data providers like Google, Microsoft, Yahoo etc. suffice a general user. Public cloud based GIS providers offer capabilities to add local data, change symbology and build a query and analysis system Visual programming based wiring or piping techniques help building a client-side mashup quickly India Geo-spatial Forum February 2012, 14th International Conference, Gurgoan

27 Issues to be addressed Performance Restrictions with cross-domain access and caching Security mechanisms within the web browser Intellectual property and copyright mechanisms

28 Thank you


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