3 Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test The OSSLT measures student skills concerning reading and writing in all areas of the curriculum up to and including grade nine.
4 You must pass in order to graduate! You MUST attend!You MUST write this test!You must passin order to graduate!
5 Writing There are three kinds of writing tasks: News report Series of paragraphs expressing and opinionShort writing tasks:Six-line response to a question or statement,which may or may not be related to a reading selectionSix-line summary of a reading selectionThere are also multiple choice questions testing writing skills
6 Written Answers 1 page long Headline and picture provided NEWS REPORT1 page longHeadline and picture providedMust indent paragraphs clearlyInclude quotation(s)You make up the details –USE THE 5 W’s and H – START WITH “WHEN”
8 On the literacy test you will be asked to write a newspaper article based on a headline and a picture provided to you. You will have to use the facts and information you gather from these two items to answer all of the 5 W’s.What are the 5 W’s?
9 The 5 W’sWho?What?Where?When?Why?and sometimesHow?
10 POLICE SHUT DOWN SWEAT SHOP Use the HeadlineCarefully examine the headline provided to you. Read the headline carefully, and examine the picture closely. Then brainstorm what you think the story will be about in the space provided (the rough notes section of the page).Example:POLICE SHUT DOWN SWEAT SHOP
11 Use the PictureExamine the picture provided to you.Example:
12 Use the Picture Cont’dDivide the picture into quadrants and label everything you see in each quadrant.
13 Examine the PictureBy dividing the picture into quadrants, you force your eye to focus on every detail. In the picture, you will focus on the people in the photo, the setting of the photo, and the event taking place.
14 Use the Picture Cont’dUse the labels to answer the five questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why?Who is the story about?What situation took place?Where is the sweat shop?When did the police shut it down?Why did the police shut the sweat shop down?
15 Provide InformationProvide a first and last name for every person in your picture and name the location of the event. Be sure to pick names that you know how to spell and that are generic.Example:Lily Han had been working at the clothing factory in China since she was ten years old.
16 OrganizationOrganize your ideas into short paragraphs – the opening paragraph is usually just one sentence long.Example:Yesterday, in China, local police were able to close a sweat shop that was employing underage workers.
17 Use Transitions What are transition words? Transitions contribute to style, organization, and clarity. When you use transitions effectively, your writing flows smoothly and naturally.Here are some suggestions:Afterward, finally, for example, then, also, furthermore, as well, additionally, in closing…
18 The Use of PronounsDo not use “I, me, we, us, our, you or yours,” except in a quotations from participants or bystanders.Remember, you do not include your opinion in a news report. This can be a very simple mistake, for example:The sentence “Lily Han looked nervous” is an opinion not a fact because of the word ‘looked’.
19 Use the Past Tense Write the news report in the past tense. Using ‘Yesterday’ for the start of your news report will help you keep everything in the past tense.For Example:Yesterday, police stormed a sweatshop in China.
20 QuotationsBe sure to include quotations from witnesses or bystanders in your third or fourth paragraph.Punctuate carefully.For Example:Officer Patrick Li stated, “There will be much relief now to the young workers who have slaved in this sweat shop for too long.”
21 Final ThoughtsRemember, this is your chance to really shine! You have the opportunity to write about an event or something newsworthy using only a picture, a headline and your imagination!
22 Here are some examples to guide you… These examples appear from weakest to strongest.The final two examples are what you need to produce in order to be successful.Look over them carefully, noting the differences in content and format.
28 THE SHORT WRITING TASK: Open Response These tasks give you the opportunity to use your knowledge and personal experiencewhile demonstrating your writing skills.Read and reread the question carefully. These questions are NOT attached to a reading selection.Think of links between the topic and your knowledge and personal experiences.Answer the question using specific details and relevant information.Reread your response and correct any errors you notice.
29 P.E.E.E.POINT Topic sentence, using part of the question in your answer.EXPLAIN Or Expand on your point, using relevant and specific information.EXAMPLE . . .ALWAYSprovide an example.(Do not go over the six (6) lines)
30 If you could go on a holiday anywhere in the world, where would you go and why? POINT: If I could go anywhere in the world for a holiday, I would go to an island in the Caribbean. EXPLAIN: I would go there because the islands are hot and have nice beaches. EXAMPLE: For example, Barbados hassandy white beaches and warm temperatures all year round. This island would be a wonderful place for a holiday.
31 If you could go on a holiday anywhere in the world, where would you go and why? If I could go anywhere in the world for a holiday, I would go to an island in the Caribbean.I would go there because the islands are hot and have nice beaches. For example, Barbados hassandy white beaches and warm temperatures all year round. This island would be a wonderful place for a holiday.
32 Written Answers length – approx. 2 pages pick a side – stick with it Series of paragraphs expressing an OPINIONlength – approx. 2 pagespick a side – stick with itchoose the easiest side to answer and support
33 Series of Paragraphs Expressing an Opinion This writing piece must be between 3 and 5 paragraphs in length.It must have an introductory and a concluding paragraph.You may use personal pronouns – it is your opinion Body paragraphs must have a POINT, an EXPLANATION, and EXAMPLES/REASONS.
34 Series of Paragraphs: How do I begin? Read the prompt carefully.Example: Should high schools allow cell phones in the classroom?In the ROUGH NOTES space provided, draw a T-Chart.In this chart decide the pros and cons, or yes and no answers to this question.PICK A SIDE!You may NOT argue for both sides – PICK ONE AND STICK TO IT!exemplars
35 Series of Paragraphs (Continued) Begin with…Cell phone use in the classroom is a very interesting topic. In my opinion, we should allow cell phones for a number of reasons. Firstly, ________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________In addition, ____________________________________________Finally, ________________________________________________For all these reasons, cell phones are beneficial to the students and the teachers and should be allowed.
36 Series of Paragraphs (Continued) Now, each of your three arguments will become your body paragraphs:Firstly P.E.E.In addition P.E.E.Finally P.E.E.A concluding paragraph will complete this writing task.The conclusion must restate your opinion and your three arguments. Be sure to use different words, so as not to be repetitive.
37 Series of Paragraphs: Review Read promptCreate a T-Chart of pros and consPick a side and stick to it!Introductory paragraph, stating opinion and argumentsBody paragraphs (P.E.E.)Concluding paragraph, restating opinion and main pointsProofread for clarity, spelling, punctuation, and grammar
38 Written Answers Short Answers(5 or more) 6 lines long (approximately words)Do not go over the six linesRead prompt carefully and answer in full sentencesAdd an example whenever possible (P.E.E.)These questions are all related to the reading selections
39 Written Answers: Short Answers ALWAYS, whenever possible, repeat part of the question in your opening sentence. Turn the question into a statement.Question:What evidence can you find in this selection that shows that Vickie and her husband tried to minimize their risks?Becomes:There is evidence in the selection which shows that Vickie and her husband tried to minimize their risks.
40 Question:Use information in this selection and your own ideas to explain why Vickie and her husband would be considered entrepreneurs.Becomes:Vickie and her husband could be considered entrepreneurs for several reasons.YOU SHOULD NOT START TO GIVE YOUR REASONS, EXAMPLES, OR PROOFS IN YOUR OPENING SENTENCE.
41 Here are some examples to guide you… These examples appear from weakest to strongestThe final example is what you need to produce in order to be successfulLook over them carefully, noting the differences in content and format
45 Here are some more examples to guide you… These examples also appear from weakest to strongestThe final example is what you need to produce in order to be successfulLook over them carefully, noting the differences in content and format
49 WRITTEN ANSWERS: SUMMARY Main Idea of an information paragraphSix lines long (approximately words)Do not go over the six linesstate the main idea and two supporting points/details from the selectionYou may begin with . . .This paragraph is about…
50 When you are asked to SUMMARIZE your reading, then you must decide what the entirereading selection is about.Ask Yourself:What is this selection about? This is your TOPIC.What is the author saying about this topic? This is your MAIN IDEA.For example, if you read a story about Wayne Gretzky, you would have to decide what the overall point was about the story and turn this into your opening statement. The TOPIC would be Wayne Gretsky, but the MAIN IDEA would be what the author was saying about Wayne Gretsky.Example: The main idea of this story is that Wayne Gretzky has not always had an easy life.THEN you would complete your paragraph with reasons/details from the reading selection to support your opening sentence.
51 You may also use this organizer to summarize information… Somebody / Wanted / But / So / Then Little Red Riding Hood wanted to go and visit her Grandmother, but she was attacked by a bad wolf. When this happened, she screamed as loud as she could and then a woodsman came and saved her life.
52 Somebody / Wanted / But / So / Then This is most useful for summarizing fictional or narrative pieces of writing. However, it can be applied to non-fiction as well. Sometimes changing the “BUT” to an “AND” makes all the difference.Try both of these methods and see what works for you. The SUMMARY has been a difficult piece for students historically.Practice both methods to ensure success.
53 All Written Answers Write legibly on the lines provided Pay attention to clarity, organization, spelling, grammar and punctuationLined space provided indicates the approximate length expectedYou may jot notes in any white space in the test bookletSpend your time wisely in each booklet, starting with the News Report and the Series of Paragraphs
54 Reading News report Information paragraph Graphical text There will be five reading selections, 100 to words in length:News reportInformation paragraphGraphical textReal-life narrativeDialogueThe reading selections will be accompanied by multiple choice, as well as short answerquestions
55 Multiple ChoiceYou may answer in test booklet first, then transfer your answers to the Answer SheetOnly the Answer Sheet will be scored
57 Multiple Choice Choose best or most correct answer The answer is rarely “obvious”If you are absolutely unsure, GUESSDo not leave any question blankCarefully record answers on the Student Answer SheetBe certain you are answering in the proper sectionsTo change answer – erase or cross out
58 Multiple ChoiceTo change answer – erase or cross out
60 LET’S REVIEW SOME TIPS BEFORE YOU BEGIN… Prepare in advance by reading ALL the Multiple Choice questions before reading the textHave a highlighter ready to mark important information as you read the textDon’t forget!
61 It is important to know that for this Section of the test, you will also be looking at visual material such as graphs, charts, diagrams or graphicsEXAMINE CAREFULLY
62 CHECKING YOUR WORKAfter you have read the text and highlighted it, re-read the multiple choice questions and answer them carefully on the Student Answer Sheet
63 When is the OSSLT? Thursday, April 11th, 2013 8:45 to 11:55 (includes a 15 min. break)75 minutes to complete each bookletBooklet 1: 8:45 – 10:15 (Test begins at 9)Nutrition Break (Healthy snacks provided)Booklet 2: 10:30 – 11:55 (Test begins at 10:30)
64 Please use the following websites to practice at home, in MSIP, in the Library, and in STUDENT SUCCESS Practice! Practice! Practice!
65 http://www.eqao.com/Students/Secondary/10/10.aspx?Lang=E&g r=10 Print out and practice , using tests from previous years. See exemplars of student work and rubrics to inform your practice.Tests.htmThis site provides interactive practice activities. Do quizzes and get instant feedback. It is a GREAT one to visit – my #1 recommendation This is a rock and roll game that incorporates the skills being measured on the literacy test. It moves a bit slowly, but is great for practicing the various tasks.
67 Remember… This is a Diploma Requirement You may need some additional practice and support, but you are all capableThe Resource teacher has met each and every student who will receive accommodations on this dayTaking this test seriously and working on your skills will lead to … SUCCESS!