Presentation on theme: "How to Detect Media Bias BIAS IN THE NEWS. Favoring one side, position, or belief. Generally it is unannounced – readers need to be wary and read between."— Presentation transcript:
How to Detect Media Bias BIAS IN THE NEWS
Favoring one side, position, or belief. Generally it is unannounced – readers need to be wary and read between the lines to discover bias
YES! News can be biased. Bias can be hard to avoid – were all human and we all have personal biases that can sometimes accidentally slip into our work. Stories are influenced by: the people interviewed the reporters personal beliefs the way a story is edited the types of photographs used
StatementF or O? Many American soldiers are being killed in Afghanistan. Afghanis want the American soldiers to leave their country. Irans President has stated the Holocaust never happened. The War on Terrorism can never be won. FACT VS. OPINION
FACT Can be verified – generally by multiple sources Supported by evidence Can be proven OPINION Not supported by evidence Evidence is insufficient to produce complete certainty So whats the difference?
HOW TO DETECT CERTAIN TYPES OF BIAS –
Using or not using a source can change the reality of a story for the readers. Compare numerous sources to find the truth! Selection and Omission
Stories that run first are seen as the most important. Stories placed on the front page or above the fold are deemed most important. A person makes these decisions – they are constructing the importance of an issue! Bias through Placement
Headlines are the most read part of the paper and are designed to draw the reader to an article. Most readers do not read the articles, so a biased headline (even paired with a balanced article) will mislead readers. Bias by Headline
Pictures only show a portion of the person, issue, or event. You see what the photographer wants. Captions provide the photographer or writers description of the image. Bias by Photos, Captions, and Camera Angles
Labels used to describe a person, event, and place. Writer selects what label to use. accused murderer vs. suspected murderer the crime vs. the alleged crime the frontrunner vs. the candidate Bias through use of Names or Titles
Inflated numbers make a story more interesting or seem more important. Not all numbers create bias, so read carefully! 2,239 students attend LZHS this year LZHS student population is up 29% Bias through Statistics and Crowd Counts
Where does the story originate? Who are the sources for the story? Whose point of view are you hearing/ reading? Question why the reporter used these specific sources! Bias by Source Control
Similar to headlines – use of positive or negative words can persuade people. Word Choice and Tone
INTENTIONALLY BIASED: COMMON TAKE NOTE! Some media are meant to contain opinion.
Not all bias is easy to detect, but there are some media types that are always opinionated because they are meant to be! Op-Ed / Editorial Page Letters to the editor Political cartoons Columns Bylined viewpoint pieces by newspaper staff
Encourage thought and discussion Influence action Push for reform Provide background and analysis Allow the community to have a voice Purpose of Op-Ed or Editorial Page
THE SMELL TEST…
S stands for Source. Find out who is providing the information.
M is for Motivation. Question: Why are they telling me this stuff?
E is for Evidence. Question: Do they have real evidence for their assertions? What kind of evidence is provided?
L is for Logic. Wonder aloud: Do the facts offered logically compel the conclusions? Or does this sound like twisted thinking?
L is for Left out. Think about it: What's missing in the information that might change the interpretation of the subject matter?
"How to Detect Bias in the News | Handout. Media Awareness Network | Réseau éducation médias. 6 Mar John McManus, author of the book, "Detecting Bull"