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Todays question True or false: In Audacity, the playback must be fully stopped to edit the track. Please go to www.cmat131.wordpress.com and leave your answer in the leave a comment section on the highest post. Include your first and last name or you wont be marked as present.www.cmat131.wordpress.com
CMAT 131 PROF. JEREMY COX Broadcast news writing
Tailoring writing to broadcast adapted from http://www.mashell.com/%7eparr5/news_writing.htm SIMPLIFY COMPLICATED IDEAS: Present straight- forward facts in a way that does not talk down to people. Remember, they will only hear the information once. VERIFY ALL INFORMATION: Know what you are talking about. Check the facts, twice. AVIOD NEWPAPER CONTRUCTION IN YOUR WRITING: The viewer "hears" your story. Avoid newspaper words: "vie" "nab" "bust" "laud" "grill" "foe" "woe" "fray" "hike"-- for raise or increase "ink"-- for signs "pact" "opt" "eye"-- for watch "blast" "rap" "hit"-- for criticize "slay, slew, or slain" "youth" -- for young person "former, latter, or respectively" or accord" -- for contract or agreement. Viewers want to hear you speak naturally.
More tips Ibid DON'T SCARE THE VIEWERS: Why would you start a story with "This story is very complicated and confusing?" Viewers don't want to know about the labor pains, they just want to see the baby! DON'T GIVE ORDERS: "Listen Up" or "Attention" Just tell the information. DON'T BURY A STRONG VERB IN A NOUN: Say, "a bomb exploded" not "a bomb explosion. Use vigorous verbs. DON'T START A STORY WITH: "As expected" or "In a surprise move" People don't want the expected or like feeling as though they don't know what's going on. Phrases like "A new development" or "Making the news" are redundant. Why else would it be on the news?
More tips Ibid DON'T CHARACTERIZE THE NEWS AS GOOD, BAD, INTERESTING, OR SHOCKING: Let the viewers decide. DON'T START A LEAD SENTENCE WITH A PARTICIPLE PHRASE (ING- WORD) OR A DEPENDENT CLAUSE: We don't say, "needing new shoes, I will buy a new pair tomorrow." The best pattern for a broadcast lead sentence is SUBJECT-VERB-OBJECT (S-V-O) - "I bought new shoes." Don't start a story with a quotation. The viewers don't know if the words are your's or someone else's. Always put the source before the quote, it sounds more natural. "Assistant Principal Brown said, "blah, blah, blah." Don't start a lead sentence with a question. They sound like a quiz show or commercial. DON'T START A STORY WITH "THERE IS"- "THERE ARE" OR "IT IS": "Is" and "are" are not "action verbs." They are "linking verbs" as are "have" "seen" "feel" and "become". Is-Are-Was-Were- and Will Be are weak verbs.
More tips Ibid DON'T START A LEAD SENTENCE WITH THE NAME OF AN UNKNOWN OR UNFAMILIAR PERSON: If the name means nothing to the viewers, they won't keep listening. Use a title or label before the name. DON'T WRITE A FIRST SENTENCE WITH "YESTERDAY" OR "CONTINUES": Yesterday is "old news." The word "continues" tells viewers that "nothing is new. DON'T START A STORY WITH "ANOTHER" "MORE" OR "ONCE AGAIN": These are viewer/listener turn-off words. What they hear is "Old News" or "Just the Same Old Thing." Don't try to cram too much information into a story. Give the viewer the "highly concentrated essence of the story."
Two types of story packages 1) In-house packages are usually produced using video purchased from news agencies such as Reuters and Associated Press (APTN) as part of a news organizations long term contract arrangement with such wire services. This material can be augmented by a stations own archival video and video available from a variety of Internet sources. In-house packages are a good way for news organizations with limited resources to cover stories far from their location, or are otherwise beyond their coverage abilities. 2) Packages produced by a reporter/cameraperson in the field.
More about packages They may range from 45 seconds to 3 minutes. (Usually no shorter than 1:15) Packages usually include at least one interview sound bite, and often include a reporters stand up or PTC (Piece To Camera) Packages have been the TV news reporters main vehicle for telling news stories since the 1960s. Use many short soundbites, instead of one long one. People should drive the story.
Packaging source: http://jmsc.hku.hk/courses/jmsc0051spring2012/ Start by choosing your best picture to write to – seek drama and grab the viewers attention Save some dramatic video for the end Decide what SOTs work best Remember the basics of good broadcast writing: Clear, Concise, Conversational Look for ways to use good natural sound breaks Reference the pictures as often as possible Think in sequences – pictures that go together, that flow into one another to tell a story When using agency video, dont be misled by the order of the video news feed TV scripting is not only writing, but the art of careful, effective selection
Annenberg Video http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid =527