It is used to report to the readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important.
NEWSWORTHY EVENT(S) recounts of the event in summary form BACKGROUND EVENTS elaborate what happened, to whom, in what situation/circumstances SOURCES original original comments by participants, witnesses to and authorities expert on the event, etc.
SEMARANG:Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon.Three people were injured and five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Newsworthy Background Event 1
Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home,destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday.Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday,accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said. Background Event 2 Background Event 3 Source
Read the text once again and do the following test! 1.How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods? a. Less than five houses. b. More than five houses. c. Five houses. d. Three houses. 2.The tornado hit the district. a. in the morning b. in the afternoon c. in the evening d. at midnight
3.Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. The kitchen. b. The guest rooms. c. The bedrooms. d. The guest and bedrooms. 4.The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. The synonym of the italicised word is. a. fortune b. whirlwind c. storm d. calamity 5.Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. The residents. b. The residents and neighbours. c. The Tembalang District head. d. The mayor of Semarang.
6.Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. A resident of the District of Tembalang. b. Tohirin's neighbour. c. A villager of Sendangguwo. d. The mayor of Semarang. 7.Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Sukawi Sutarip. b. Dayat. c. Sukawi Sutarip, his wife and senior officials. d. Achyani.