What IS News? Struggle between negative and positive Pseudo-events (staged events for media) Soft news (vs. hard news) Agenda setting
Penny Press Period appeal to a general audience, entertain or even sensationalistic A detached, neutral perspective in reporting events Beginning of editorial and opinion pages
Objectivity=Wire Services Associated Press (AP) UPI, Reuters 1 story=many Papers, so need To be neutral.
Yellow Journalism Period Pulitzer vs. Hearst Quest to sell more copies Sensational journalism Pulitzer=standards for accuracy; Hearst=not so tabloid format with an emphasis on photography Muckrakers=investigat ive
Changing Nature of News News Hole: the space left after advertising has been placed in the paper/timeslot). (determines how much room the paper or broadcast has for news) 30 min broadcast may have 23 min of news and 7 of ads. Bigger news hole now with 24/7 coverage Less discriminating in terms of what is covered (?)
Foundations of Journalism Free and responsible press Public = right to info Press = responsibility to give info, moral duty Separation between content and business (ads) …harder now with corporate news Fairness and balance (try to present all sides equally) Expert sources =give credibility
Framing How is a story to be told? What language is used?
How News Gets Made More soft vs. hard news (why so?) News… manufactured (AP Daybook, press releases, pseudo events) Reporters and beats people: editors, reporters, copyeditors/proofers, design/layout, camera and video crews for TV Concerns in profession (p294-297): loss of revenues, layoffs/pay, diversity
Journalism Types Interpretive reporting (broader context) New Journalism/Literary journalism Advocacy journalism (reform) Alternative Journalism Citizen Journalism Differences in international coverage?
* 24/7 Cycle---how do keep up? How to keep print in sync or different from web-based? * Nontraditional news sources (trustworthy? Biased?) * User habits (quick skim, following links) * Personaliziation (the Daily Me) * Context * Convergence * DIGITAL DIVIDE
* TRANSITION=certain aspects dying, certain aspects thriving/growing * Problems: corporate news, $$ pressures * Journalists will have to become multi-media