2Newsworthy Elements Timeliness: Is the news current or new? Human interest/Emotions: Is it about other people’s lives and emotions?Proximity: Is it happening nearby?Prominence: Is it well known to your readers?Consequence: Will it affect your readers in an important way?Conflict: Does it involve tension, surprise, or suspense?Unusualness: Is the event uncommon?
3What is News?News: Information about events, people, or issues that the public wants or needs to knowWhat kind of story do you look for in the newspaper?Newsworthiness: The criteria used to determine what will appeal to readers in the newsWhat elements make a story newsworthy?
4A JOURNALIST’S RESPONSIBILITIES REPORT ACCURATELY!!!Verify facts- check in with sourcesDouble-check spelling of names, grades, and titlesBE OBJECTIVE!!!Observe and take notes, but do not put yourself in your storyBE FAIR AND BALANCED!!!Always present both sides of the story
5The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assembly, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
6Who Cares?When in doubt about a newsworthy story, ask yourself “WHO CARES?”If readers may want or need to know info, the story is probably newsworthy!!!HINT: Most students will care about a story if it’s about someone they know, about themselves, or something that affects them personally!WARNING: Avoid sensationalism- stories in bad taste that cause an intense but brief emotional reaction
7News Article Activity Read the article provided List THREE facts found in the articlePut a star by the strongest argument/factIndicate whether or not the author seems to be objective (unbiased) or opinionated.What audience would be interested in this article?Label the paragraph number containing a quote that was memorable. Why was it so memorable/effective?
8Where to Find Your Story School: classroom, hallway, cafeteria, gym, auditorium, library, coaches’ offices, school calendar, administrators, guidance counselorsLocal Community: local media, newspapers, magazines, TV, community organizations, businesses, etc.Global Community: national and international media, the internet, books
9Find Your BEATAcademic beat: academic departments, clubs, and extracurricular activitiesSports beat: official school teams, intramural teams, sports clubs, coachesClub beat: school clubs that are not academic or sports relatedStaff beat: guidance counselors, librarians, teachersAdministration beat: principals, superintendents, deansCommunity beat: community events
10Hard News vs. Soft NewsHard News (straight news): Strictly factual reporting of news that’s current and importantEx: Story covering the new principal, a change in school requirements, an athletic championship eventSoft News: Entertains and informsIs less current than hard news and appeals to the emotionsEx: A movie review, an interview with a student musician
11AVOID ANONYMOUS SOURCES!!! Types of SourcesPrimary Source: Offers the best and most reliable information on a topicAn expert or leading authority on a topicPerson with firsthand info on a topicAn original document or official reportSecondary Source: Offers reliable second-hand info on a topicEx: Reference books, internet, person with informed opinion on topicAVOID ANONYMOUS SOURCES!!!
12Objective Reporting Report facts without bias Don’t allow your opinion to slant your reportingDifferentiate between fact and opinionReport what you saw and heard- not what you think or feelEliminate the words “I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, you, your” to avoid editorializing
13A Journalist’s list of Don’ts DO NOT:Print material that is obscene or libelousPublish false materialUse a person’s name or picture without permissionDefame a person’s character or harm one’s reputation
14Quoting like a ProDirect Quote: printed exactly, word for word with attribution outside themEx: “Journalism is my favorite class,” said junior John Smith.Indirect Quote: information from a source that is not quoted directly.Ex: Freshman Bill Owens said The New York Times is his favorite newspaper, but he enjoys The Bergen Record too.
15…Quoting Partial Quote: uses a phrase or part of a quote Ex: Ms. Kohmuench said that she is excited to work with “an intelligent young group of journalists.”Anonymous Quote: Avoid quotes with sources who wish to remain unknown!
16Quoting Tips Try to dig for unusual, meaningful quotes LAME QUOTE: “I think the prom was a lot of fun,” said Jenny Smith.Avoid quotes with one word answersRefuse “off-the-record” commentsKeep attributions in the middle or at the end of quotesEx: “Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time,” said President Obama. “We are the ones we've been waiting for.”
17Clear, Concise, Colorful Writing Journalistic writing is always clear and conciseHint: Fast paced readers want fast paced news!!!Simple writing is key- avoid extraneous wordsBe precise in your word choice! Did the coach scream, or shout?Avoid jargon (technical words or slang)Avoid cliches- “raining cats and dogs”
185W’s & H Leads answer the 5W’s & H Who, what, when, where, why, how Hard news stories use INVERTED PYRAMIDMost important info comes firstIn each successive paragraph, info is less important
20Newspaper Activity Take a copy of a newspaper. With a partner, find a news story in the front page section.Read the lead and discuss it.Determine what kind of lead it was. If it was a summary lead, state the 5Ws.
21Writing LeadsLead: beginning of your story (typically one paragraph or several lines)Your lead is the reader’s first impression!Make your lead introduce your slantTypes of leads:Summary LeadCreative LeadAnecdotal LeadPersonal Level Lead
22Summary LeadGives the reader a quick summary of the story in as few words as possibleOften focus on the who and what of the story, then examine the when and whereTo write a good summary lead:Use few wordsSummarize the most newsworthy fact in the first 10 wordsIdentify any key peopleSet the appropriate tone- light or serious