Presentation on theme: "L/O/G/O Tips for Breaking bad news A Critical clinical skill Prof.Mervat Atfy Mohamed Zagagazig university hospital."— Presentation transcript:
L/O/G/O Tips for Breaking bad news A Critical clinical skill Prof.Mervat Atfy Mohamed Zagagazig university hospital
After this session, you will: *Recognize challenge to share bad news effectively *Be able to describe an effectively six steps process to share bad news-SPIKES.Application to the Patient with Cancer Be committed to improving your * skills in breaking bad news to patient Learning objectives:
Any news that seriously and negatively alters the patient s view to her/his future What is Bad news?
*Help the patient and family understand the condition *Support patient and Family *Minimize risk of overwhelming distress Goals
:* The physician perspective high degree of difficult + physician anxiety = High risk of performing poorly. When physicians are uncomfortable in giving bad news they may avoid discussing distressing information, such as a poor prognosis Why it is critical skill?
For themselves *More time to talk and show feelings From Doctors More information, caring. Confidence,hopefulness, Familiar face What do patients want?
Six step Protocol For breaking bad Application to the Patient with Cancer news:
STEP 1: S :Setting up The interview *Private setting, sitting down *No telephone, turn off mobile,no interruptions *Ensure adequate time *Review the condition,lab, basic prognosis and treatment before visit *Hopeful tone
STEP 2: PASSESSING THE PATIENT'S Perception "before you tell, ask." *Assess the gap between what the patient knows and diagnosis. * What have been told about what are going on? *What is your understanding why the CT scan was ordered? Mervat atfy mohamed
STEP 2: PASSESSING THE PATIENT'S Perception Based on this information you can correct misinformation to patient
STEP 3: IOBTAINING THE PATIENT'S Invitation While a majority of patients express a desire for full information about their diagnosis, prognosis, and details of their illness, some patients do not
STEP 4: KGIVING KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION TO THE PATIENT Warning the patient that bad news is coming may lessen the shock that can follow the disclosure of bad news and may facilitate information processing. Examples of phrases that can be used include, "Unfortunately I've got some bad news to tell you or "I'm sorry to tell you that...".
STEP 4: KGIVING KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION TO THE PATIENT Try to use nontechnical words such as "spread" instead of "metastasized" and "sample of tissue" instead of "biopsy." Avoid excessive bluntness (e.g., "You have very bad cancer and unless you get treatment immediately you are going to die.") as it is likely to leave the patient isolated and later angry, with a tendency to blame the messenger of the bad news
Balanced truth and Hope :skillful use of indirect language As ( it is look like) not (you have….. (There are tumours in the liver) not (you have tumor in your liver when the prognosis is poor, avoid using phrases such as "There is nothing more we can do for you." This attitude is inconsistent with the fact that patients often have other important therapeutic goals such as good pain control and symptom relief
STEP 5: EADDRESSING THE PATIENT'S EMOTIONS WITH EMPATHIC RESPONSES * Observe for and allow all emotional reaction *Use touch Name the feelings….. I know this is upsetting ……..it would be for any one Understanding
Respond to Empathically Emotions Respecting……. you are asking all the Right questions
STEP 6: SSummary and strategy for follow up
Six step Protocol For breaking bad Application to the Patient with Cancer news :
At the end The task of breaking bad news is testing ground for entire range of our professional skills. if we do it badly patients and family will never forgive us, if we do it well patients and their family never forget us