Factual accuracy Every statement every name every date every age every address every quote
Accuracy of General Impression The general impression--the way the details are put together and what type of emphasis is put on the details--should be accurate. Reporters should not distort the importance of a fact by giving it too much attention.
Accuracy is difficult to achieve because there are so many facts that go into a story
reporters must work fast to meet deadlines many people are involved in producing the finished story: the reporter, copy reader, editors, typists, etc.
Reporters must work hard to achieve accuracy. They must check, double- check and re-check every fact.
Reporters must question their sources carefully. Informants sometimes misinform, although rarely on purpose.
School reporters sometimes dont ask the right questions to get the information they need for a story. Reporters should talk out stories with assignment editors to make sure they understand questions that need to be asked.
Balance in a news story is a matter of emphasis and completeness. Reporters must give each fact its proper emphasis, putting it into its proper relationship to every other fact and establishing its relative importance to the main idea or focus of the story.
News is considered balanced and complete when all significant details are included and have proper relationship to each other. The purpose of balance is to give the reader a fair understanding of the event, not a detailed account of every fact.
The more dramatic a story, the more appealing it is to the readers.
Mystery, suspense, comedy, the unusual, the bizarre are chief elements of drama.
-Oddity/ Unusualness The greater the degree of unusualness in a story, the greater its news value.
Firsts, lasts, and onlys have been staples of newspapers since the 19th century.
-Sex news element present in stories of romance, marriage, divorce and other relationships.
The treatment of sex varies widely from publication to publication.
-Emotions & Instincts Readers enjoy stories that appeal to their emotions.
Generally the most widely read stories in the newspaper, and most widely discussed of those heard on radio or television.
Stories about the home- less, babies needing trans- plants, a 4-year-old girl abandoned in freezing wea- ther who must have her legs amputated, baby girls rescued from wells, some- one winning the lottery
-Progress Involves any significant change for the betterment of mankind.
May refer to achievement in the laboratory, industrial plant, legislative body, etc.
May refer to success in treating AIDS patients, etc.
A number of factors modify the importance of news elements in actual practice.
The policy of a news publication may increase or decrease the importance of a story.
The class of readers may determine what is news for a publi- cation.
The amount of space available may determine if a particular story is told briefly or in detail.
Timing may alter the value of a news story. All news is in competition with the news available at the moment.
Previous publication may change a storys value.
Censorship, particularly in war time or times of national crisis, may change news value, sometimes keeping stories from being published for long periods of time.