2ObjectivesList and describe the equipment needed to complete an electronic news gathering (ENG) report.Identify the videographer tasks necessary for producing ENG reports.Identify the reporter tasks necessary for producing ENG reports.
3Objectives Write scripts for ENG reports. Record an ENG report. Produce an ENG report.Present an ENG report
4Electronic News Gathering (ENG) The process of reporting events and activities that occur outside the television studio.
5Electronic News Gathering (ENG) Getting the story.Presenting this information to the viewer.
6Electronic News Gathering (ENG) Successful ENG reporting requires both on-camera and behind-the-camera skills.
7Electronic News Gathering (ENG) A successful ENG team produces a video segment that enables viewers to experience the event as if they were there.
8ENG EquipmentThe reporter and videographer must be prepared for every situation that might present itself during the reporting of an event.
9ENG EquipmentAlways check the camcorder and recording equipment before leaving the studio. Bring the microphones that you need.
10ENG EquipmentPerform a sound check before leaving the studio. Plan for POWER! Charged batteries, Charger, Ac power supply, extra microphone batteries.
11ENG EquipmentDon’t forget the essentials: videotapes, tripod, headphones. Is portable lighting needed? Bring pen or pencil and paper for note taking.
12ENG Equipment A checklist can be very helpful! Camera Camera batteries Camera tapesCamera lens cleanerHead PhonesCamera microphones (external)Camera BagBusiness cardsGaffers tapeSD CardsTripod with camera seatCamera LightBoom pole for soundBattery chargersAC adapter for camera to plug into wallCamera utility bagFire Wire / HDMI cable / Audio and Video cablesOperation manualPlastic Bag to hold recorded tapes ,programs, flyers, other printed event information
13Preliminary ResearchLibrary and internet resources to obtain background information on a larger scale Telephone calls and face-to-face informal meetings to obtain background information
14The ENG Crew Arrives at the Scene… The Reporter… Talks with the organizer or supervisor of the event to obtain details. Talks to several people involved in the activity, and identifies potential interview guests. Prepares the script for lead-in, narration, and questions.
15The ENG Crew Arrives at the Scene… The videographer… Prepares all equipment (camcorder, videotape, microphones, tripod, etc.) Starts videotaping activities, Discusses camera shots with the reporter, making sure to capture video covered by script.
16Recording the StoryThe videographer… Records several minutes of each activity as it occurs. Uses a variety of camera angles. Capture sounds of the event to use in the postproduction process.
17Recording the StoryThe videographer… Records several “sound bites” to use during postproduction. Record “talking heads” with comments from participants. Record interviews.
18ENG Videography Tips Roll plenty of videotape. Always wear headphones when recording audio.
19ENG Videography TipsChoose a good location for your interviews and comments. Record stand-ups and narrations at the scene to maintain audio continuity.
20Telling the StoryReporter Lead-ins Two or three sentences that enable the viewer to quickly grasp the content of the report.
21Telling the StoryReporter Narration Information read by the reporter, usually overlaid with video clips during postproduction Record narration while at the location. Record two or three takes, and use the best one. Two or three sentences, at a slightly slower rate than normal conversation The tone should reflect the mood.
22Telling the Story Interviews and Comments Ask open-ended questions (questions that cannot be answered with just one or two words.Go over questions with the guest before recording.Write down (and correctly spell) all names.
23Telling the Story Reporter Tag Summarizes the contentOpportunity for the reporter to identify himself/herself and the station affiliation.
24Postproduction TipsPlan for the ENG reports to last about 60-to-90 seconds.
25Postproduction Tips Use as much live sound as possible. Critically watch the completed video in it’s entirety. Don’t be afraid to make changes.
26Postproduction TipsComplexity is essential. Use a series of shots, not just long pans or wide-angle shots.Use graphics to indicate names and titles.
27Producing the StoryThe editor should preview (watch) all of the raw footage and note the components that he or she will use to edit the finished report.Develop a working storyboard or outline during the report.
28Producing the StoryAn ENG report should have a beginning, a middle , and an end.Use the Rule of Thirds: during postproduction, the edited clips are grouped by audio and video into segment of three sentences per style of format.