SHIPBOARD WASTE MANAGEMENT & MARINE POLLUTION PREVENTION SHIPS, BOATS, YACHTS AND OTHER VESSELS Introduction Respected Guests, Croatia in recent years has experienced a significant increase in shipping traffic (passenger & freight) and notably yachts within its territorial waters. Due to this increase in traffic there is a greater danger of environmental pollution to the sea and along the coast. To ensure the quality of the sea and coast remains at the existing levels, it is essential to seriously develop a project which will focus on protecting the environment in Croatia as a whole. One objective of this project is to come up with a solution for waste disposal for all vessels which enter Croatian waters. It is important to mention the acceptance and implementation of these waste disposal solutions will positively impact on the economic growth of the country.
When forecasting and planning the economic state of the country, one of the key factors is the development and direction of the Croatian tourism industry, which is recognised as a major export product. Naturally this should encompass the development of freight and passenger traffic, specifically marine pollution prevention measures and shipboard waste management solutions. I am currently developing a book titled «Shipboard Waste Management & Marine Pollution Prevention» which includes practical information and most current events in waste management. The objective of this book is to emphasise the need for educating not just seafarers based on foreign freight shipping companies on Shipboard waste management & marine pollution prevention solutions but all professional seafarers.
Benefitting from practices in USA waters and my training and personal experience in Marine Pollution Prevention, gained in the USA&Canada and and of course whilst overseeing and inspecting waste management systems and the processing of oily waste water on large commercial vessels, I believe it is time for Croatia to take a serious step in protecting its environment and territorial waters. Only this way can we guarantee a clean and environmentally protected Adriatic Sea. A specific chapter which this project will capture is directly related to small vessels, yachts and cruisers. It is inadmissable that still always a major share of yacht and boat owners dispose of their oily water and other waste water directly in the sea. It is wrong to presume this is only a minimum quantity of waste oil, fuel, petrol, detergent etc. The opposite is true. Think of one yacht disposing of a few drops of waste oil and then multiply this by thousands of yachts doing exactly the same thing, especially during the summer season while cruising the beautiful Croatian waters. Very quickly we will have a major pollution problem. Therefore, it is very clear that it is not enough just to focus attention on pollution produced by one tanker or a vessel that causes an
environmental incident, we must indeed also direct our attention to this not less important issue of marine pollution prevention. To be able to better illustrate the environmental dangers which threaten Croatian waters, we have ordered statistics from the USA on the level of marine pollution in US harbours, small ports etc. as an example. Our goal is with proper education and prevention solutions to reduce marine pollution to the lowest possible levels, by teaching correct marine waste management, and importantly, including all levels of professionals linked to sea and maritime transport and affairs.
The program will include: - Amendements to oily water waste management regulations for small crafts and yachts - Technical controls and inspections of large vessels, yachts, cruisers and all other vessels by authorised port authorities and technical soundness of equipment and EMS (environmental management system) competence by master, chief engineer, skipper and crew. - Compulsory implementation of ORB-Oil record book on all yachts and abovementioned vessels. This record book is a log of all work carried out on vessel relating to processing, controlling, monitoring and disposing of oily water. - Implement efficient and effective oily water waste processing and disposal operations. - Constant education and awareness of seafares to anyone involved in the maritime industry including your leisure/holiday travellers.
It is important to mention the strict USA regulations and the rigourous sanctions for all MARPOL/waste management offenders which includes large fines and possible imprisonment for anyone threatening the existence of the sea, our main life resource. Thus, the issue is the sysetematic and global issue of pollution prevention. Now is the time to find answers and implement waste management and pollution prevention solutions for ships, boats, yachts and all other types of vessels, which in its totality, will result in the prosperity of our country and strenghten it's position in Europe and globally.
ENVIROMENTAL TRAINING AWARENESS & COMPETENCE Training Policy........................ All staff Onboard / ashore must receive shore based and in house training pertaining to Marine Pollution prevention and Waste Managements. All training records need to be documented.
Marine Pollution Prevention : Policies & Regulations..................................................................................... a/ Company Environmental Policy b/ MARPOL 73 / 78 c/ Clean Water Acts d/ Oil Pollution Act 1990 e/ Act to prevent Pollution from Ship f/ Ports and Waterways Safety Act g/ Int.Convention for the Control and Management of Ship s ballast Water and sediments 2004 h/ Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships
Shipboard Waste Management................................................. a/ Shipboard Waste b/ Waste Processing c/ Waste Management Practices Initial Shore Based Training _______________________ Waste Handling Equipment............................................. a/ Oily –water Separator b/ Incinerator c/ Oil content meter Engine Room System Operation................................................... a/ Bilge system b/ Sludge system c/ Drain system
Documentation............................ a/ Oil Record Book b/ Garbage Record Book c / Engine Room Tank Sounding Log
MV Spirit of Adventure in the clean Adriatic sea water
Recommended Vessel Boarding Checklist For Bilge Water & Oily Waste System
Hull Survey: - Look for evidence of oil staining to hull coatings in way of discharges.OWS&Eductor Discharge Openings,from P/S shore connections. - Inspect Engine Room Bilges for contrentrations of oil or oil stains in way of OWS,Bilge,BilgeWells&Sludge Pumps and overboard discharge connections. - Look for areas in way of the OWS,Bilge & Sludge Pumps of new or unusual cleaning and painting. General Vessel Condition:
Waste Oil Incinerator: - Inspect Incinerator Main Burner, Pilot Burner& Igniter for overall operational condition. - Inspect firebox for condition of refractory.Look for signs of overheating. - Test operate Incinerator using Waste Oil if sludge temperatures permit. - At minimum,test operate unit on D.O. - Observe general operating condition of all components. - Talk to crew regarding Incinerator Ash Disposal Plan. - Look at maintenancerecords for regular cleaning and repair. - Look at Chief Engineer,s Log Book for operational hours and maintenance. - Perform a representative audit of documents to determine burning rates and water decanting volumes.Analyze results of your audit for validity.
Oily Water Separator: Inspect General Condition of OWS. -If time and opportunity permit,open up cover,first and/or second stage chamber access plates for internal condition inspection. -Look for evidence that bilge piping in way of OWS,Bilge & Sludge – -Pumps has been recently removed,cleaned and/ or painted. -Remove first section of piping upstream of OWS overboard valve. -Inspect for oil residue,recent or old. -Look for piping modifications that are not shown on original vessel drawing that would facilitate discharge of bilge water around OCM.
-If suspicion arises,remove sections of OWS discharge piping and inspect for signs of oil. -Check Zero & Calibration function & last dates of service for the Oil Content Meter( OCM) or Oil Content Detector ( OCD). -Test operate OCM/ OCD to determine function of unit. -Test Oil Detection Probe/Device for proper function. -Look at cleaning maintenance and repair records for OWS. -Compare Maintenance Records to Spare Parts Requisitions -Open up discharge piping downstream of Bilge Eductor (Ejector) for those vessel fitted with Cargo Hold/ Engine Room Bilge Ejector Cross – Connections.They should be clean & free of any residue. -Open direct Bilge Suction Strainers & Unbolt Direct Bilge Suction Valve Bonnets and look for signs of oil contamination.Thay should be clan & free of any residue.
Oil Record Book: -Look for identical or similar entries for recorded oparations of the OWS or Incinerator. -Look for patterns of consistency in recorded entries for similar operations in the ORB -Consistently similar entries in the ORB are suspicious and require a deeper and more thorough investigation of the vessel practices by the crew. -Look to see if the pattern of entries in the ORB have changed with a change in C/E;s or 1st or 2nd Engineers -Compare recorded rates of incineration and OWS processing with rated capacities.
-Inquire who makes the entries in the ORB.Where do they get their data? - Are the Engine Room Log Book entries, Oil record Book entries & the Daily Soundings consistent with each other? - Look at entries in ORB for compliance with required MARPOL format.Water and Sludge ( Waste Oil ) within the vessel and from the vessel? - Look at how vessel is handling evaporation or draining of water from Incinerator Waste oil Tank and how it is being recorded in ORB. Oil Record Book:
General Observations : -Look for changes in operational patterns from previous voyages or crews.Ask why the change? -Look for changes in cleaning,maintenance and/ or repairs from previous voyages or crew.Ask why the change? -Ask various individual engine crewmembers about the operation of the OWS & Incinerator.Are their answers consistent? -Have the quantities of processed wastewater and sludge oils changed from previous voyages? If so,why? -Are there any changes in the Spare Parts for the OWS or Incinerator being ordered? If so, why? -Look at condition of Bilge Tank. Look for emulsions. Review vessel chemical and cleaning uses aboard the vessel for approved « Quick Separating Detergents»