Presentation on theme: "CUBA TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT"— Presentation transcript:
1CUBA TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT CUBATRANSPORTATIONINFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENTPRESENTATION TO:ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF THE CUBAN ECONOMY (ASCE)NINETEENTH ANNUAL MEETINGAugust 1, 2009
2Transportation Infrastructure CUBATransportation InfrastructureCOMMITTEE MEMBERSSergio Alfonso, Jr., PE, CHAIR, Marlin Engineering, Inc.Carlos A. Penin, PE ,CO-CHAIR, CAP Engineering, IncArmando I. Perez, PhD, PE, CDMMaria F. Porrata, Member CAACEMichael B. Acosta, PE, Member ACEAndrés Garganta, PE, Member CAACEPedro Giralt, PE, Member CAACE
3Disclaimer and Objective CUBATransportation InfrastructureDisclaimer and ObjectiveThe findings, views, opinions and conclusions presented are those of the committee and do not necessarily represent the views of their employers or sponsoring engineering societies.Authors’ knowledge of Cuba is personal and augmented by information available mostly on the Internet and personal communication with Cubans now living in Cuba and USA.The purpose is to assess the necessary resources to reconstruct the transportation infrastructure in Cuba, without field inspection or review.
4Past, Present and Future CUBATransportation Infrastructure Assessment of Transportation NeedsPast, Present and FutureHighway SystemRailway SystemAirportsPublic Transportation
5Transportation Infrastructure 1958 Conditions - Historical Data Highway SystemIn 1903 – 250 km mainly in HavanaBy 1958 – 20,000 km of which 6,100 were pavedCuba had one of the most efficient highway systems in Latin AmericaCarretera CentralTwo lanes two way highway completed in 1931Runs about 1,150 km (715 miles) Mostly paralleling Central RailwayConnecting Province Capitals and all major cities except CienfuegosVia BlancaFour lanes divided highway, from Havana thru Matanzas to Varadero 135 kmRides over the Bacunayagua Bridge, highest bridge in Cuba Secondary RoadwaysThere were approximately 4,000 kilometers connecting all cities and townswith population exceeding 5,000 to Carretera CentralLocal Roads (Caminos Vecinales)There were 15,000 km (1,500 km paved) connecting farms to small towns
71958 Conditions - Historical Data Transportation Infrastructure1958 Conditions - Historical Data Railway System (15,000 km)Cuba's railway history began in 1830, in HavanaCentral Rail System (Standard Gauge 1.435 m (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in))Extends from Pinar del Río to GuantánamoUsed for passengers and freight servicesNarrow Rail System (Narrow Gage 1.067m (3ft 6in))Mainly for transport of sugar cane to the millsIntercity passenger and freight service64% is for industrial use, Mainly sugarcane industry and36% Passenger and freight
8Transportation Infrastructure Railway Network 19581 km per 8.08 km²
91958 Conditions - Historical Data Transportation Infrastructure1958 Conditions - Historical DataAirportsCubana de Aviacion had 19 airplanesOthers Cuban airlines had 8 airplanesInternationalDomesticPrivate
101958 Conditions - Historical Data Transportation Infrastructure1958 Conditions - Historical DataPublic TransportationBusesCity of Havana had outstanding local service (4,000 buses in 40 routes)Service from Havana to Santiago de Cuba by Santiago-Habana (10 trips daily)Service between major cities along Carretera Central with other cities and towns.TaxisCuba had organized “Chapa Gris” taxi system (20,000 cars)RailBy 1860 Havana had its first streetcarService from Havana to Santiago de Cuba since 1920’sAirportsDomestic flight service between major cities and HavanaTrucksTransportation of freight and goods
11PRESENT ROADWAY SYSTEM CONDITION Presently there is 60,000 km of roadway which 20,000 km are pavedAccording to a November 2007 EFECOM report, nearly 3,000 km of major roadways are in poor or substandard condition.The same report goes on to indicate that planned repairs would not even amount to even 400 km per yearA March 16, 2009 report in the Latin American Herald Tribune, quotes the director of the Havana Government’s Business Construction Group for the city’s streets and roadways, as indicating that over 75% of paved roadways in the Havana area are in poor condition and need “big & complex” repairs.The Cuban capital, has approximately 21 million square meters (about 222 million square feet or 8 square miles) of paved area and the job of repaving the existing damage will require 1.5 million tons of asphalt
13PRESENT SYSTEM CONDITION According to an international travel guide: “…there are very, very, few road signs and directional aids.” AND “even rarer still are protective crossbars or warning lights.” (at railroad crossings).Another international travelers guide states: “They (roads) are pretty similar in construction to US freeways, however pretty much in decaying state. Lane markings are mostly nonexistent, that's true also for any type of signs. This means no signs for cities on exits and interchanges, only signs counting km's to Havana are pretty common. Potholes on otherwise wide freeways are common.”Trains on the railway system are slow, not punctual, and on routes aside from the main routes, are not reliable.
14Commonly encountered: Lack of lane markings, signage, guard rails, fences and other essential components.
15Total railway system 8,193 km RAILWAY NETWORK - PRESENT SYSTEM (ONE 2007)Total railway system 8,193 km7,952 km of standard gauge track, 150 km of which is electrified241 km of narrow gage track3,117 use for sugar industry and passengers5,076 km of public use
17PRESENT SYSTEM CONDITION In general, since 1959 there has been insufficient capital investments made in the networks.The lack of investment has only accelerated since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the loss of its multi-billion dollar annual subsidies.This lack of investment and maintenance are reflected in the deteriorated condition of many of the transportation system components.
18The Future – Short and Long Term Solutions Transportation Infrastructure Assessment of Transportation NeedsThe Future – Short and Long Term SolutionsHighway SystemRailway SystemAirportsPublic Transportation
19Short Term Solutions - Highway System Safety Improvements are imperative component of all short term solutionsPavement Restoration including pot holes and milling and resurfacingStriping of edge and centerlinesRegulatory, advisory and warning traffic signs and signalsGuardrailsBased on current roadway maintenance prices in the State of Florida we estimate that the cost of performing these improvements on the MAJOR highway system in Cuba is $1 billion.Using the TOTAL number of existing lane kilometers of 65,000 the total investment would be $10 billion
20Short Term Solutions - Railway System Safety Improvements are imperative component of all short term solutionsBase and Sub-base stabilizationSigns and SignalsReestablishment of Railroad CrossingsBased on current prices in the State of Florida it is estimated that the cost of performing these improvements on the total number of standard gauge and narrow gauge rails of 12,000 km the total investment would be $500 million
21Short Term Solutions - Airports Safety Improvements are imperative component of all short term solutionsRestoration of the landing strips and taxiways including pot holes and milling and resurfacingStriping of directional signageLanding & Takeoff lightingLandside & Airside repairsBased on current prices in the State of Florida we estimate that the cost of performing these improvements at the estimated number of 12 Airport Facilities the total investment would be $600 million.
22Short Term Solutions - Public Transportation Additional rolling stock (buses, taxis and work trucks)The establishment of a Maintenance Facility including spare parts and mechanical tools for these vehiclesConsideration of alternate means i.e. Jitneys, Mini Vans and ShuttlesStudy Bus Rapid transit routes for future implementationIt is estimated that 400 new buses would be needed initially at a cost of $250,000 per bus for a total investment of $100 Million
23Long Term Solutions – Public Transportation Provide safe, efficient, reliable mobilityProvide high-speed, high-capacity connectionsBalance mobility and economic competitiveness with community livability and environmental stewardshipEmploy Innovative financing techniques and private/public partnerships
24Long Term Solutions – Public Transportation The future includes the combination of all four modes of transportation i.e. Highways, Railways, Airports and Public Transportation. This Multimodal transportation system, should inter-connect people and goods to the various points of interest. It leads to economic vitality and becomes the infrastructure backbone of the Island.Multimodal ComponentsRailAirplanesAutomobilesBus Rapid TransitLocal Bus RoutesTruckingBicyclesPedestrianVarious Points of InterestSeaportsAirportsTrain StationsGovernment CentersBusiness DistrictsEntertainment VenuesRecreational Centers24
25Long Term Solutions – Public Transportation Preliminary Transportation Hubs and Sub-Hubs were identified by studying the existing data from the following:Census to determine the population of the CitiesThe alignment of the Central Highway (Carretera Central) y Ocho ViaThe route of the standard gauge railway systemThe locations of all major airportsMain Hubs:Pinar del RioCiudad de la HabanaMatanzasSanta ClaraCamagueyHolguinSantiago de CubaNueva Gerona (Isla de la Juventud)Sub-Hubs:ArtemisaCienfuegosSancti SpiritusCiego de AvilaLas TunasBayamoGuantanamo
28ConclusionIn 1959 Cuba had one of the best road and rail system in Latin America.The lack of investment since 1959 on the roadway railway systems has created the requirement of major investment to bring the system up to standard and a point where will assist in the restoring Cuba:The need is estimated in billions at:SHORT TERM LONG TERM$1 $10 Roadways$0.1 $0.25 Streets in Havana$0.5 $2 Railways$0.6 $6 Airports$0.1 $5 Public TransportationTOTAL $2.3 $23.25