Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the 2006 Tactical Response Alumni Training Event."— Presentation transcript:
Welcome to the 2006 Tactical Response Alumni Training Event
Non-Permissive Environments Civil Unrest and Disaster Preparation
On a Personal Level You must prioritize the things that will most likely happen to you. This makes the most of your time and resources. You dont need just a to do or a to get list, You also need a to learn list.
What are we up against? Natural Disasters Hurricanes Tornadoes Earthquakes Floods Drought Winter Storms Extreme Heat New Diseases Wild Fires Avalanche Mud Slides Volcanic Activity Tidal Surges
What are we up against? Man Made Catastrophes Riots Foreign Invasion Martial Law Hazardous Material Spills Nuclear Accidents Dam Failures Active Shooters Terrorism
What are we up against? Economic Disasters Depressions Inflation High Petroleum Prices
What are we up against? War All out nuclear war Terrorist Attack via Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical Weapons
What are we up against? Personal Strife Loss of job or income House destroyed by fire or flood Robbery Burglary Car Jacking Kidnapping
Create a Plan At least once a year, have a meeting with family members or housemates to design and/or update a plan for how each person will respond during an emergency. Draw a floor plan of your home, showing the location of exits (windows and doors), utility cutoffs, first aid kits, emergency supplies, tools, clothing, fire extinguishers, etc. Discuss alternate reunion locations and strategies if a disaster strikes when you are not home. We will discuss many aspects of your planning but here are some starters:
Create a Plan Continued Discuss each persons fears and ways of minimizing these fears through plans and strategies. Become familiar with the disaster policies and plans at your childrens schools and your spouses or housemate's workplace. Make sure that each person is familiar with the plan. Make/update a list of key addresses and phone numbers and ensure that each family member has a copy. Remember to caution everyone that the phone should only be used during an emergency if there is a pressing need to contact the police, the fire department, emergency medical personnel, utility companies, childrens schools, etc.
Which situation is most likely? Using hurricanes as an example: Hurricanes cause power outages, floods, home damage from and with water, block roads, food shortages, water shortages, etc, etc. Leaving well in advance would be the best thing but if you were going to stay concentrating on the things most likely to happen will make preparation more relevant. Planning should include contingencies for rapidly evolving situations.
What will YOU do? You need to be prepared to stay and go. Both! The time to decide is NOW.
The Realistic Side MINDSET TACTICS Skill Gear The Idiots Interpretation gear Skill TACTICS MINDSET Survival Principles
There will be no Time Outs. Once it begins it will last as long as it is going to last. Be prepared to endure. You will be forced to make decisions in a very dynamic environment.
Nobody is coming to help you YOU WILL BE ON YOUR OWN! THERE WILL BE NO RULES!
What are your responsibilities? Are you single, married, with kids, expecting kids, extended family, friends, neighbors? Does someone have chronic health needs? Is there an infant that requires diapers and formula? Pets? Anyone or anything else?
Preparation It all boils down to accepting something bad might happen and then devoting time, energy, and money to it. What dollar value would you (your familys) place on survival? Denial is not just a river in Egypt. How will you find time and energy to devote to this project?
If You Decide to Stay What are your priorities and responsibilities? Water – Purification? Shelter – Repair or build? Food – Not just sustainment Personal Hygiene – Clean equals healthy Security – You cannot sleep if you are worried. Leadership – You will have to motivate and set an example. Entertainment - Yes
If You Stay Hi-Profile vs. Low Profile Low Profile is making your home appear like there is nothing to offer looters. High Profile is making your home appear that what ever is inside of it will be too costly.
If You Leave You must leave well in advance of the crowd and the danger.
If You Leave Routes and Back-Up Routes Alternate travel corridors like power lines, bicycle paths, drainage conduits, dry riverbeds, train tracks all provide an alternate means of escape that the masses won't think to use. Having a vehicle small enough to take advantage of these is just as important as the 4WD needed as well.
If you leave Things that might be handy to know: Stealing Fuel (siphoning) Stealing vehicles (hotwiring) Burglary Think about fuel consumption. Plan your stops for fuel and food. Always carry a gas can, just in case.
Destination Dont become a refugee Will there be somewhere safer to go?
Financial Preparation Personal Household Information Professional Advisors and Health Care Providers Checklist of Important Legal Documents and Financial Statements Private Security / Access Information Have hard copies as well as scanned back-ups stored electronically. Have a copy stored in an alternate location.
Other Documentation You may need other paperwork. Passports Birth Certificates Educational Transcripts and Diplomas Any other miscellaneous court documents (Divorce, Child Custody, Wills, Living Wills, etc)
Dealing with Police and Military What will you do about roadblocks? What will you do about confiscation (guns, fuel, water, food)?
Skill (Training) What areas of training should be addressed? Shooting Driving Medical General Mechanics General Building – For your home
Shooting Amateurs Practice Until They Get It Right. Professionals TRAIN until they cant get it wrong.
General Building For Your Home Make sure that each person knows and practices ways of protecting her/himself from falling objects, smoke, fire, caustic fumes, etc. Make sure that each person knows and practices how to shut off utilities. Make sure that each person knows and practices how to leave the home during an emergency. Make sure that each person knows how to use a home fire extinguisher. Make sure that everyone has a flashlight and sturdy shoes near the bed.
Equipment Recurring Themes As you prepare you'll find that certain things are needed for many different threats. First aid skills are always useful, you may find that they will show up for every category of preparation. Stored food and water might be needed for all threats as well, while having and operating a chainsaw might only be needed for a few. When there is a recurring theme place a lot of importance on it.
Equipment Storage A good example of this would be storing all of your supplies in your basement if you live in an area where your primary concern may be an earthquake – it will be be a very time consuming and dangerous exercise to retrieve said supplies when your 3 story house has collapsed on top of them. In this case, a small, detached storage shed may be more appropriate. The obvious con to this would be that the supplies would be easier for your neighbors to access or attempt a violent take-over of same. If you live in "Tornado Alley", you wouldn't want your supplies in the detached storage shed, but would probably be better off with them in your basement. Depending on the type of disaster, or the type which one's area may be more susceptible to (hurricane/flood/earthquake/tsunami/tornado/Jihadist, etc) placement of one's supplies could be critical.
Home Kit Bottled Water (two to four liters per person per day - 2 liters for drinking, 2 liters for food preparation/sanitation) Food (canned or dehydrated, with current expiration dates) Supplies for Infants and Children (formula, bottles, powdered milk, baby food, diapers, etc.) Flashlight (with spare batteries and bulb) Utensils (knives and forks, can opener, pots, etc.) Paper Plates and Towels Small Camp Stove or "Canned Heat" like Sterno Paper and Pencil FULL Medical Aid Kit (with instructions) Household Liquid Bleach (unscented) and Medicine Dropper Blankets or Sleeping Bags Portable Radio (with spare batteries) Critical Medication (7-10 days of any prescription medications) Spare Eye Glasses/Contact Lenses (and supplies) Denture Needs Spare Batteries for Hearing Aid Fire Extinguisher (dry chemical) Watch or Clock (battery or spring wound) Resealable Plastic Bags Plastic Garbage Bags to Store Waste Sanitation Supplies (soap, paper towels, tissues, pre- moistened towelettes, waste containers, feminine hygiene products, etc.) Small Shovel Crescent Wrench (for turning off gas) Other Tools (axe, hammer, screw driver, pliers, nails) Rope and Plastic Tape Warm Cap and Gloves Candles and Matches Duct tape Whistle Large Tarp/Tent Rain Poncho Pet Food Games, Books, Other Entertainment Insurance policy numbers - Insurance Agent Contact Numbers Numbers of People You Want to Contact One Complete Change of Clothing Extra Car Keys
Storage for Mobility You can preposition everything in one spot. You can even put it in an alternate location.
Lights What do we need light to do? Illuminate Deceive Blind
Books Many can be downloaded for free but are only good if printed onto paper. Medical and Dental Books How To books on home and vehicle repair Survival Guides Throw in some recreational reading as well.
Bug Out Bag vs. Survival Kit A Bug Out Bag is different than a Survival Kit. A bug out bag is very specific and is used to get you from one location to another. Typically the destination, distance, and routes are known. The bug out bag contains what you need to make that trip as quickly and efficiently as possible. A common planning period for a bug out bag is three days, but modify this to suit your conditions and plans. After three days it is used up and no longer useful. This means, for example, it will contain food rather than the tools to get food, and water rather than water treatment tools.
Bug Out Bag This is your Escape and Evasion kit. Water - At least a 1.5 liters minimum. Signal devices - Cyalume, Flares, Strobe Map/compass/GPS Food - Take enough for a day. Money Medical - Have a good blow out kit. Multi-tool Mags
Survival Kit Gather Food The survival kit is meant to sustain life for an unknown time under primitive conditions and includes tools to: Collect Water Build a Shelter Take Care of Medical Emergencies Signal Start Fires
A Little of Each? A bug out bag should be designed first to expedite your bug out, and then a primitive survival kit should be added. Keeping the two functions separate in your mind will improve the way you think about your selections. There will be some overlaps giving you efficiency and the dual design will give you some back-up gear and methods.
Personal Hygiene Kits Waterless body washes and hand cleaners. Anti-bacterial baby wipes Anti-bacterial soaps Special needs for women Special needs for babies
Navigation Map and Compass as well as GPS Orienteering with your kids can be a lot of fun. Bury a treasure for them to find. You may want to get topographical maps as well as road maps for your area and alternate locations. A GPS (Global Positioning Sensor) is not a replacement for orienteering skills. Buy a good quality GPS that you can download maps and other info into.
Communication FRS Citizens Band – Channel 19 for emergencies Ham / Short Wave NOAA weather stations (battery back-up operation) with weather alert. Non-cordless phones for when the power is out. Communication is the most critical aspect of a tactical operation and it is also the most fragile.
Communication Cell phones probably wont work… Text messages uses a different pathway than voice calls and still works when the standard lines are busy. Federal Law requires that ALL cell phones be allowed to call 911. I.C.E.?? InInCase of Emergency Add entries in cell phone address book that begin with *ICE
Financing Your Operation It will be expensive. The more you buy now the better. PLENTY of cash in small bills A clear credit card If your bank is underwater your debit card wont work Calling cards
Water / Dehydration Dehydration kills The average adult needs a minimum of one gallon per day. If you feel thirsty you are at least two quarts low. Catching up will be tough. If you are properly hydrated your urine should be clear and should occur hourly. Anxiety, confusion, increased heart rate, weakness, lower urine output (dark), nausea, diarrhea, and decreased blood pressure are all signs of dehydration. The key to preventing dehydration is to drink water or other hydrating liquids before you feel thirsty. Infants and the elderly are at greater risk of dehydration. Wonder why you can drink 4 beers and not pee and then you pee every 5 minutes?
Water Water collection, storage, and purification may be your biggest challenge. The bigger your group the bigger your problems.
Vehicle Reliable – Keep it in good shape with proper PM. Capable – Heavy duty four wheel drive is a good choice. Vehicle Kit should include a chainsaw, tow straps, fuel, gloves, generator, gas and water wrenches, bolt cutters, tool kit, etc, etc. You have a limited amount of space. Choose wisely. Full size spare tires
Fuel Bring your own fuel. It was a rare commodity during Katrina and in the first few days after the storm if FEMA found out you had a large quantity they would confiscate it.
Clothing Extra clothing Proper footwear including plenty of good socks Clothing for year round outdoor conditions. Because you cant fight naked. Gloves and hats
Medical Preparedness Tetanus Shots - Get a tetanus booster before you go wading around in fecal infested floodwaters with multiple cuts and scrapes on you. …The same goes for Hepatitis shots as well. Prescriptions filled in advance and have doctors info stored. You should have medical questionnaires filled out by EVERYONE you will be assisting.
Medical Kits Blow Out Kits vs. First Aid Kits What is the difference? A Blow Out kit is a kit designed to prevent immediate loss of life from a traumatic injury. A First Aid kit is used for minor cuts and scrapes and is useless for life support. The two should NEVER be mixed together.
V.O.K. Each Kit Includes: (1) Cinch Tight Compression Bandage (1) Primed Gauze (crinkle cotton) (1) Tourni-Kwik (3 wide) (1) Nasopharyngeal Airway (30FR Robertazzi Style) (1) 14ga x 3 ¼ Catheter (sterile) (1) Alcohol Prep Pad (2) Safety Pins (2) multipurpose (1) Duct Tape (2x100 roll) (1) Set Nitrile N-Dex Gloves (1) Three gram tube of Surgilube Ventilated Operator Kit
Generators 101 Oil changes, filters, and spare parts for generators. How much power you need (how much power some typical devices use)? How to connect AC and DC devices. How to connect to a home without destroying the circuitry or generator. If you will need a portable or stationary generator. How to somewhat or totally disguise the fact that you've got a generator running so that you don't attract unwanted beggars or criminals. DC Converters for cars. Things you should know ahead of time….
Guns Guns and ammunition will be worth their weight in gold. Dont be the dude with 100,000 rounds of ammo and no food.
How Do You Test Your Gear? How about a surprise camping trip? It can be your secret if you like. It will allow you to test some gear but you should rough it. You can see how long it takes for everyone to get bored. It will give you some experience leading. This will also allow you to see how much stuff will NOT fit into your vehicle.
Where to get more info? FEMA site has some good online courses on Emergency Management. Its free, online, and good stuff.