2 Romanian Authority for Nuclear Activities Romanian Authority for Nuclear Activities, established under Government Decision No. 365/ , is a Government Business Enterprise with activity profile as: Heavy Water and Deuterium Depleted Water; Heat and Electricity; Nuclear Research; Designing and Engineering for Nuclear Projects.Drobeta Turnu – SeverinNicolae Iorga Street no. 1tel: / fax: /
3 Main Organizations Involved in Nuclear Power Production
4 Romanian Authority for Nuclear Activities Business Profile At present RAAN have a broad range of activities which includes:Research and development studies in the field of Nuclear Power GenerationDesign and engineering works for Nuclear ProjectsProduction of heavy waterRepair and maintenance services for power installations and equipmentsSurveillance and power installations impact on the environmentPersonnel training and education by its own training systemsImport / export activities, including fuel, spare parts, operation and maintenance materials
5 Romanian Authority for Nuclear Activities’ Organization Chart
6 ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant’s profile: Heavy Water, Deuterium Depleted Water and High Grade Heavy Water. ROMAG-PROD ROMANIA, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Calea Tg. Jiului, Km 7 Tel: +40-(0) ; +40-(0) ; Fax:+40-(0) Site:
7 ROMAG - PROD Heavy Water Plant ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant, one of the RAAN’s subsidiary companies, is located at approx. 7 km North-West away from Drobeta Turnu Severin, on 67 DN national route – the route connecting Drobeta Turnu Severin and Targu Jiu towns. ROMAG-PROD produces nuclear grade heavy water and has the largest capacity in the world. Based on an efficient research, a strict AQ program for components designing and manufacturing was applied equally to component producers, constructors and Heavy Water Plant operators. The construction Project had been successfully implemented at Drobeta Turnu Severin during 1980 to First production line begun its process trials on September 1987, and in July 1988 its commercial heavy water production started. ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant is running under the approvals and authorizations by competent National and Local Authorities.ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant is ISO 9001 and ISO certified. ROMAG-PROD ROMANIA, Postal Code , Drobeta-Turnu Severin Km 7, Calea Tg. Jiului, Tel: +40-(0) ; +40-(0) ; Fax:+40-(0)
8 Heavy Water Process Technology ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant produces:Heavy WaterDeuterium Depleted WaterHigh Grade Heavy Water Heavy Water All the activities related to heavy water production process: designing, manufacturing, operation have been elaborated under a Quality Assurance regime intended to provide a safe and reliable plant operation. The manufacturing process control is automated, being provided with alarming and quick emergency answer systems that are activated in case working parameters exceed the allowed limits. Heavy water is processed from Danube River waters, which, as all surface continental waters, naturally contains a heavy water quantity of %. This heavy water existing in natural water, is separated and enriched within ROMAG-PROD Plant up to a nuclear grade concentration of minimum 99.78%. The process of heavy water generation is based on isotopic exchange between water and Hydrogen Sulphide in bi-therm systems, inside of Girdler-Sulphide plants, where a primary 4-12% enrichment in Deuterium is reached based on the following reaction: The filtered and treated Danube water reacts with Hydrogen Sulphide inside a production line with 2 stages of bi-therms (stage I and stage II), at two different temperatures, with an enrichment in first stage from % to 0.14% followed by a final concentration within a distillation under vacuum installation where nuclear grade concentration of heavy water is reached.
9 Heavy Water Specifications Quality ParameterValueMeasurement UnitIsotopic concentrationmin *% wt. D2OConductivitymax. 5micro S/cmTurbiditymax. 1NTU (ppmSiO2)Organics (KmnO4 demand)max. 10mg/KgChloridesmax. 0.5Tritiumabsentmicro Ci/kg
10 Deuterium Depleted Water - DDW Inside the heavy water extraction systems at ROMAG-PROD, a highly advanced isotopic separation is performed and, finally, besides heavy water, another type of water is obtained. This is a very low Deuterium content water named Deuterium Depleted Water - DDW.The DDW generation process is realized through vacuum distillation of natural water or, even better, of effluent water coming continuously from heavy water systems as a constant extraction flow.
12 High Grade Heavy WaterROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant also produces high grade heavy water of a concentration greater than 99.96%.Quality ParameterValueMeasurement UnitIsotopic concentrationmin *% wt. D2OConductivitymax. 5microS/cmTurbiditymax. 1NTU(ppmSiO2)Organics (KmnO4 demand)max. 10mg/KgChloridesmax. 0.04ppmTritiumabsentmicroCi/kg
13 Heavy Water Classification Depending on Deuterium concentration, ROMAG-PROD High Grade Heavy Water is classified as:Code%wt. D2OHG(High Grade)99.90VHG(Very High Grade)99.96EHG(Extremely High Grade)
14 Environment SafetyAll the activities connected to heavy water production, which is designing, manufacturing, operation activities, have been elaborated and are done under a Quality Assurance Program to provide a safe operation of the systems. Process control is automated being provided with alarming systems and fast emergency response system, which enters into operation in case the process parameters are out of the operation limits. ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant has been certified ISO 9001/2000 and ISO 14001/2000 since May ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant is equipped with alarming system and computerized emergency response management system produced by ICARE France, in co-operation with AEIC Company from Romania. This system monitors 24 hours a day the entire Heavy Water Plant surface. Surveillance system is made up of a H2S & propane sensors network; H2S in water analyzers; automated meteorological stations. All the data are collected and processed by computers to evaluate the impact of exceeding H2S emissions on environment.ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant is operated under the approvals by Local Authorities in respect to waters and environment protection.
15 ROMAG-TERMO Power Plant ROMAG-TERMO Power Plant, the most important support for Heavy Water Plant, is located at 5 km North-East away from Drobeta Turnu Severin town, on 67 DN national route connecting Drobeta Turnu Severin and Tg. Jiu cities.According to its actual profile, ROMAG-TERMO Power Plant provides process steam for ROMAG-PROD Heavy Water Plant (280 t/h and 31 MW) and also heating agent for Drobeta Turnu Severin Municipality (100 Gcal). In the same time, an electric power amount of over 160 MW is delivered to National Grid System.ROMAG-TERMO ROMANIA, Dr.Tr.Severin Calea Tg. Jiului, Km 5 Tel: +40-(0) ; Fax:+40-(0)
16 The Institute for Nuclear Research Pitesti The Institute for Nuclear Research Pitesti (SCN) is intended for applicative research in nuclear field and it is the owner of a 14 MW TRIGA reactor destined to nuclear research work in steady and pulse regimes.SCN Pitesti, , Pitesti-Mioveni, Arges District Telefon/Fax: +40-(0) Fax: +40-(0) Site:
17 INR MissionScientific and technical support for Cernavoda unit 1 and unit 2 safe operation during plant lifetime.Scientific and technical support for Cernavoda unit 3 and 4, under construction.Scientific and technical support for the next NPP in Romania.Contribution to the international R&D effort to develop advanced NPP (Gen III) and Generation IV nuclear power reactors.Education, training and knowledge management.Specific R&D infrastructure operation, maintenance and upgrading.International CooperationProvide specific nuclear services, products and equipment for NPPSupport for non-power nuclear energy application
18 INR Activity OutlineNuclear Power Research as a scientific and technical support for the Romanian nuclear power programMainly dedicated to the existing NPP in the country (CANDU)Focused with priority on:Nuclear Safety:behavior of plant materials, components, installations during accident conditionsintegrity investigationsevaluation tools (computer codes and methodologies)Radioactive Waste ManagementRadioprotectionProduct and services supply for NPP and support for industry and medicine applications
19 Staff Breakdown by qualification Mar-07 Nov-07 Nuclear Scientists/Engineers237244Technical staff296277Administration and Services125137Total658Mar-07Nov-07Researchers117185PhD3133PhD students2728MSc students5137
20 INR ASSETS TRIGA Reactors Post-Irradiation Examination Laboratories High-Inherent Nuclear Safety, intended to Fuel and Materials Testing in Steady – State and Pulse ModesPost-Irradiation Examination LaboratoriesEvaluation of Nuclear Fuel and Structural Materials BehaviorLaboratoriesspecialized Physical, Chemical and Materials / Equipment Testing and DiagnosisHigh Activity Gamma Irradiation Station (SIGMA)INR ASSETSRadioactive Waste Treatment Plantbased on Qualified and Authorized Technologies and StaffMechanical WorkshopsPrecision Mechanics, Pressure Equipment, Lifting Devices sustained by Special Authorized Processes and Distinct Laboratories for Material and Quality ControlLaboratories for Fuel Elements Manufacturingand Experimental Development of Technologies for Advanced Fuel Fabrication
21 Reactor Physics and Nuclear Safety Reactor Physics AnalysisThermo-hydraulic AnalysisReactor Physics Computer Methods and Codes DevelopmentNuclear Safety Analysis for NPPSafety Assessment for Radioactive Wastes RepositoriesNeutronic Design of In-Pile Irradiation of Romanian CANDU Type FuelPSA for Cernavoda NPP, research reactors, conventional installationsDevelopment of experimental methods for reactor physics
22 Radiation Protection, Environmental Protection and Civil Protection Department Implementation of radiation and environment protection plan for ICN nuclear facilitiesR&D program focused to increase proficiency in human and environment protection against radiation-associated risks.
23 Radioactive Wastes Management Department treatment and conditioning of radioactive wastes resulted from the TRIGA reactor and other research laboratories of the site, the Nuclear Fuel Factory (FCN), the Cernavoda NPP, Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering (IFIN-HH).design and manufacturing of equipment and tools for the assay and measurement of radioactive samples from the environment and from working areas, which imply radioactive sources.
24 INR International Agreements and Partnerships AECL - CanadaCEA – FranceGRS –Germany, DBE – Germany, ITU- GermanyKAERI- KoreaIRSN-FranceJRC IE PettenJSI – SloveniaSCK-CEN – BelgieURS – USAAnsaldo Nucleare- Italy, ENEA-ItalyAREVALANL – Los Alamos National LaboratoryORNL- Oak Ridge National LaboratoryANL- Argonne National LaboratoryBNL – Brookhaven National LaboratorySNL - Sandia National Laboratory
25 Assistance and Co-operation: IAEA Regular Projects with INR as the main recipient:Development and testing of locally made fuel elementsBuilding Nuclear Safety capabilitiesDevelopment of the Cernavoda Probabilistic Safety Evaluation StudiesPlant commissioning requirements and trainingRadiological protectionLicensing of test facilities for CANDU 600 fuelling machineFull conversion of TRIGA 14-Mw Core from HEU to LEURegional projectsTraining courses, scientific visits, expert missions, etc.Ex: RER/9/076 Strengthening Safety and Reliability of Nuclear Fuel and Materials in Nuclear Power Plants: Upgrading the Hot Cells at INR Pitesti and development of the CANDU spent fuel examination and surveillance programme.Others co-operation forms:Research contractsINR contribution to the IAEA activities (development of standards, experts)
26 EU R&D Framework Programs FP5 EURATOM:PHEBEN 2, Validating Severe Accident Codes Against Phebus FP for Plant Applications - integral codes for LWR and guidelines for optimum code use for the various applications (2002 – 2005) FP6EURATOM:SARNET, NoE in Nuclear Reactors Severe AccidentsCOWAM2, Community waste management: Improving the governance of nuclear waste management and disposal in EuropeHOTLAB: European Hot Laboratories Research Capacities and Needs - to set up a hot laboratories network in support of the nuclear energy safety optimization and long-term management of radioactive wasteNULIFE, NOE on Nuclear Plant Life Prediction - framework for continuing professional development of its personnel via targeted internal training, exchange of best practices and where appropriate mobility/exchangesCIP, COWAM in Practice - to assist local communities directly with their engagement on their particular siting programmes - and to gather the knowledge from that experience and to prepare EU-level guidance for implementation and improvement of inclusive radioactive waste management approachesMTR+I3, Materials Testing Reactors Innovations – strengthening the European experimental potential in materials and nuclear fuel testingELSY, Generation IV Reactors- European Lead System – to develop a lead-cooled fast reactor concept
27 Center of Designing and Engineering for Nuclear Projects Center of Designing and Engineering for Nuclear Projects (SITON) Bucharest is the institute for designing and engineering, intended for nuclear projects applied in Romania, the owner of know-how technologies for Cernavoda NPP and SCN Pitesti.SITON, , Bucuresti-Magurele, 1, Atomistilor street, Ilfov District Telefon/Fax: +40-(0) Fax: +40-(0) Site:
28 CITON’s scope of services CITON performs design and engineering work and assures technical assistance and engineeringsupport for construction – installation, commissioning and operation and maintenance of nuclearpower plants and other nuclear facilities.CITON as a full-service engineering company can assist the customers with all phases of projectsimplementation including development support and EPC interconnection.CITON can provide the entire range of design and engineering products for the fulfillment of power objectives:Research and development studiesTechnical and Economic Feasibility studiesConceptual technical designsDetail designs (documentation and drawings)Licensing and environmental impact engineering supportEquipment manufacturing designsSpecial Analyses Reports (Nuclear Safety and Performance, Environmental Impact, Stress Analyses, Accident Analyses, Risk Assessments, Seismic Hazard Assessments, etc)Engineering services for operating nuclear power plants and facilities:Operation and maintenance supportStart-up and commissioning supportPlant life extension, upgrading, power up rating, retrofitting and performance enhancementExpertise and Consulting ReportsQuality Assurance and Control ServicesTechnical Training ServicesTechnical Assisstance and Field Engineering.
29 CITON StructureCITON is typically structured as a design and engineering institute for nuclear projects. Elaboration of technical conceptual and detail design for structures and systems evolved into discipline sections/compartments arranged as two technical departments:Projects and Programs Management Department (Projects Management, Technical and Economical Assessments, Feasibility Studies, Planning and Scheduling, Nuclear Safety Analyses and Licensing Documents, Environmental Impact Assessments) andEngineering Department (Process Systems, Electric and Instrumentation and Control Systems, Health Physics, Civil Structures, Architecture and installations associated to buildings, Mechanical components and systems related to reactor and fuel handling, Sizing calculation).Manufacturing documentation for thermal mechanical equipment is performed by the Mechanical, Reactor and Fuel handling Section.The institute has 350 highly skilled technical employees with broad experience and expertise in the field of the design and engineering for NPPs and other nuclear facilities
30 Offered services Design and Engineering Services Studies and Documentation supporting the client’s decision-marketing:Prefeasibility and Feasibility studies;Technical-Economical evaluation studies;Production profile optimizationSite selection studies;Modernization and safety enhancement conceptual studies;Environmental impact studies;Risk evaluation reportsWastes management programsBids requirements and bids evaluation reports.ROMAG D2O PLANTCERNAVODA NPPFUEL FACTORY PITESTIICN PITESTIBasic Design Documentation:Technical conceptual design as base for technical-economical evaluation of the investment and as support for regulatory bodies approvals/permits.Detail design documentation:Documents and drawings required for construction and systems installation;Basic requirements and design analyses documents (thermal and hydraulic computation, stress reports, radiological consequences of abnormal and accident states);Manufacturing drawings/documents for selected equipment/components;Procurement engineering documentation.As-built design documentation for configuration control.
31 CITON ExperienceCITON provided Design and Engineering services as main contractor or General Design Authority for the following major projects and customers:1. Design and engineering services for the Institute of Atomic Physics (nuclear research center) located in Bucharest-Magurele for the following facilities:- 2MWth nuclear research reactor (VVR-S), tank type;- Linear Van der Graf accelerator;- Center of radioactive isotopes production;- Radioactive wastes treatment station (RWTS);- Spent nuclear fuel storage pool;- Nuclear instrumentation factory;- Various research laboratories;- Gamma irradiator facility.
32 CITON Experience2. Design and engineering services for the Institute of Nuclear Research in Pitesti-Mioveni (former Institute for Nuclear Power Reactors, a nuclear research and production center) for the following:- 14 MWth TRIGA pool type research and material testing nuclear reactor;- Post irradiation hot cells and laboratories;- Computer center;- Nuclear equipment test stands;- Zero power multizone research reactor;- Radioactive wastes treatment plant.3. Design and technical assistance services for the Nuclear Fuel Factory for CANDU-6 type nuclear fuel production unit (former Institute for Nuclear Power Reactors).4. Design, technical assistance and consulting services for the National Society "Nuclearelectrica" for the implementation in all phases of the Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant 5 units x 700 MWe equipped with CANDU-6 nuclear power reactors.5. Design, technical assistance and expertise services for ROMAG - Drobeta Turnu Severin for the heavy water fabrication plant.
33 CITON Experience6. Design and engineering services for the National Society "Nuclearelectrica" for the following facilities:Cernavoda NPP Personnel Training Center equipped with full scope NPP simulator;Cervnavoda NPP Spent Fuel Intermediate Dry Storage Plant;7. Design and consulting services for National Uranium Company related to uranium ore processing and concentration units up-grading.8. Design and technical assistance for the Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering "Horia Hulubei" (Bucharest-Magurele) for the retrofitting and upgrading of the low and intermediate level radioactive wastes storage repository located in Baita-Bihor.9. Development studies for the former Ministry of Electrical Power and State Committee for Nuclear Energy for the implementation of second romanian NPP.10. Design and manufacturing drawings of elaboration for some thermal-mechanical equipment supplied by romanian companies for Cernavoda NPP and other nuclear facilities.11. As-built documentation issue of the Cernavoda NPP-Unit1.12. Research and Development Studies for the Ministry of Economy and Trade / RAAN within yearly approved Research Program as support for National Nuclear Program (new technology adaptation and development, nuclear safety and radiation protection improvement, radioactive wastes management, operational reliability enhancement, extension of service life, etc).
34 CITON International Co-operations AECL (Canada) ,Ansaldo Impianti (Italy) and General Electric (USA) for Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 General Atomic (USA) for The Institute of Nuclear Research Pitesti concerning Triga Research Reactor Ateliers et Chantiers de Bretagne (France) for The Institute of Nuclear Research, Hot Cells and Post – Irradiation Lab (LEPI) PEC (France) for The Institute of Nuclear Research, Radwaste Treatment Plant Agreement with General Society for New Technology - SGN (France) - for radwaste treatmentCAE Canada for "full scope" simulator - for Cernavoda NPP personnel trainingAECL ( Canada) for Spent Fuel Intermediate Dry Storage for Cernavoda NPP – Units 1 and 2Agreement with SKB (Sweden) in the radwaste storage field.Cooperation within Europe Union’s research programs (FP5, FP6, Phare) and IAEA (Vienna)technical assistance projects
35 CITON Experts Name and surname: Maria Radu expertise domains: radioactive waste management and spent fuel storage.licenses, certificates, qualification diplomas : IAEA training courses in above mentioned domains ( Argon/u.s + Whitshell/Canada, Enresa/Spain, Siemens/Germany);participations: technical commeetees organized by IAEA on the extension of spent fuel storage life-span; IAEA TEC DOC issuing, IAEA international expert for spent fuel intermediate storage, PHARE projects.Name and surname : Dancanet Dorin Ioanexpertise domains: pressurized metal pipes and equipment;licenses, certificates, qualification diplomas:ISCIR license for pressurized metal pipes and equipment design documentation certification, i.e for the expertise on their technical condition for evaluation the remained operation life-span and assessment of further operation conditions beyond the design life or after prolonged shut-off;Qualifications in :fabrication of steam generators for CANDU type NPPs - Babcock Wilcox – Canada;pressure vessels for CANDU type NPPs – RENEL Personnel Training Center – Bucharest;implementation of quality assurance system in nuclear activities developed in CANDU type NPPs - IFA Special Personnel Training Center – Bucharest;Management of investment activities – RENEL Personnel Training Center-Bucharest.
36 CITON Experts Certified in: Name and surname : ALESSANDRESCU AUREL computer-aid design by AUTOCAD computer code application;TURBO PASCAL computer code programming;AUTOLISP computer code programming.Name and surname : ALESSANDRESCU AURELExpertise domains: Pressurized metal pipes and equipment;Licenses, certificates, qualification diplomas:ISCIR license for compliance certification of pressurized metal pipes and equipment design documentation, i.e the expertise on their technical condition for the assessment of their remained operation life-span and for setting-up of their further operation conditions beyond the design life or after a prolonged shut-off.qualified in computer-aid design by AUTOCAD 12 computer code.Achievements:design of piping systems in Heavy Water Plant and of other installations in the chemical and oil processing industry;compliance certification of pressurized pipe system designs as per ISCIR provisions.