Question of the Week How does an astronaut prepare for a journey? Daily Questions What questions would you like to ask Ellen Ochoa? What surprised you the most about space travel? Do you think Mae Jemison is a good role model? Explain.
Language Skills Daily Fix It Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Transparency: This, That, These, and Those Practice Book Page 89 Page 90 Page 91 Page 92 Spelling Strategy Page 89 Page 90 Page 91 Page 92 Writing Workshop Reading Writing ConnectionWriting Prompt Writers CraftEditing and Revising
Day 1 Daily Fix It 1.That book Im holding is full of interviews with interesting adventurers. This book Im holding is full of interviews with interesting adventurers. 2.The interview with a astronout is fascinating. The interview with an astronaut is fascinating.
Language Skills Day 2 Daily Fix It 1.When was the technolegy for orbiting Earth develop? When was the technology for orbiting Earth developed? 2.This here robot arm are useful for work in space. This robot arm is useful for work in space.
Language Skills Day 3 Daily Fix It 1.In june 1963, Valentina Tereshkova became the first women in space. In June 1963, Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space. 2.Twenty years later, Sally Ride rode on the space shuttle she becomed the first American female in space. Twenty years later, Sally Ride rode on the space shuttle. She became the first American female in space.
Day 4 Daily Fix It 1.Do you beleive their is life in other places in the universe? Do you believe there is life in other places in the universe? 2.There is billions of stars in the universe, and some of them stars may sustain life. There are billions of stars in the universe, and some of those stars may sustain life. Language Skills
Day 5 Daily Fix It 1. Ellen Ochoa attended stanford University in California she graduated at the top of her class. Ellen Ochoa attended Stanford University in California. She graduated at the top of her class. 2.In she spare time, Ochoa enjoys playing her flute playing volleyball, and bicycling. In her spare time, Ochoa enjoys playing her flute, playing volleyball, and bicycling. Language Skills
Spelling Strategy Dividing Long Words Use syllables to make long words easier to study. Step 1: Say the word slowly and listen for the syllables. Step 2: Write the word and draw lines between the syllables. Step 3: Study the word, syllable by syllable.
Writing Prompt Choose information from Talk with an Astronaut and use it to write a biographical sketch about Ellen Ochoa. Focus on her feelings and ideas as well as events that helped her achieve her goals.
Language Skills Editing/Revising Checklist Did I use quotations to make important points and show the characters personality? Did I use adjectives this, that, these, and those correctly? Have I spelled words with –logy, - aster, -therm, and –sphere correctly?
Activate Prior Knowledge KWL Astronauts Astronauts wear special space suits when they walk out in space. Astronauts use simulators in their training. What are the requirements to be an astronaut? Whats it like to work in space?
Authors Purpose The author is the main reason an author writes a selection. An author may write to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas or feelings. Sometimes an author may write with more than on purpose in mind. What the author says and details given help you figure out the authors purpose. Authors Purpose or Purposes Detail
Monitor and Fix Up Sometimes as you are reading you realize youve lost touch with what the author is saying. You may adjust your reading speed as you think about the authors purpose. You also might make a list of important ideas in the text..
WRITE 1.Read The United States in Space. Create a graphic organizer like the one above to record the details that give clues to the purpose the author had for writing. 2.Write what you think the authors main purpose was for writing The United States in Space and why you think this.
Vocabulary Word List Accomplishments Focus Gravity Monitors Role Specific Introduce Vocabulary Look up each vocabulary word in your glossary. Note each words pronunciation and meaning. Answer the following questions: What are some of you accomplishments this year in school? What is the focus of todays math lesson? How does gravity affect a ball thrown in the air? How many monitors are in the computer lab? What role does the principal play in your school? Name a specific flavor of ice cream that you prefer.
Accomplishments Things that have been done with knowledge, skill, or ability; achievements.
Focus The central point of attraction, attention, or activity.
Monitors Screens connected to a computer, which show information and instructions.
Role A part played by a person in real life; role model, person whose patterns of behavior influence someone elses actions and beliefs
Gravity The natural force that causes objects to move or tend to move toward the center of the earth.
More Words to Know Extraterrestrials: Creatures from outer space Inconceivable: Hard to imagine or believe; incredible Weightlessness: The condition of being free from the pull of gravity
Practice Lesson Vocabulary Yes or No Is a role model someone to follow or look up to? Can accomplishments be done without interest and effort? Is it possible to do well on a test if you dont focus? True/False There is zero gravity on Earth. There are no specific requirements necessary to become an astronaut. Monitors are screens used on space missions.
Vocabulary Strategy (p.562) Multiple Meaning Words Some words have more than one meaning. You can find clues in nearby words to decide which meaning the author is using. 1.Think about different meanings the word can have. 2.Reread the sentences in which the word appears. Which meaning fits in the sentence? 3.If you cant tell, then look for more clues in nearby sentences. 4.Put the clues together and decide which meaning words best. As you read To Be an Astronaut, use the context to decide which meaning a multiple-meaning word has in the article. For example, does role mean a character in a play or a socially expected behavior?
Preview and Predict Preview the selection title and photographs. Identify the subject of the interview and predict her experiences as an astronaut. Use lesson vocabulary in your discussion.
Guided Comprehension Why do you think the author asks questions about Ochoas background? What do you think Ochoa means by the term role model? Ellen Ochoa says that her mother was a big influence in her life. Is there someone in your life who has influenced you a great deal? Why didnt Ochoa consider being an astronaut when she was growing up? How does the photo on p. 569 relate to the text? Why do you think the interviewer asked Ochoa about her NASA training? Identify the context clues on p. 571 that would help a reader determine the meaning of gravity. Why do you think Ochoa uses swimming and scuba diving as comparisons to weightlessness?
Guided Comprehension Continued Why do you think this article was written as an interview? What inference can you make about how astronauts spend their time in space by looking at the photo on p. 573? How does Ochoa keep in touch with her family from space? What is the main idea of Ochoas answer to the first question on p. 575? Ochoa says that astronauts must be team players. Think about what it means to be a team player. Why do you think she gives this advice?
Graphic Sources Graphic sources are on essential part of a text. Illustrations and pictures are important aids to understanding a selection. Ochoa mentions a robot arm and a space station in her second answer. The photograph makes this information clearer and easier to understand because it shows the actual robot arm at word on a mission. Describe other kinds of pictures that could have been used to illustrate the text on p. 568.
Paraphrase To paraphrase something is to put it in your own words. When you paraphrase, keep the authors ideas and overall meaning, and avoid adding your own opinions. Paraphrasing helps you make sure you understand a piece of writing. Remember to always paraphrase when you take notes from reference sources to be sure you dont copy the words exactly. Paraphrase the first question and answer on p. 572. Discuss the information before writing anything down. Work with partners to paraphrase the last question and answer on p. 575, and write it down. 1.Did paraphrasing help you better understand this question and answer? 2.Did you keep the authors ideas and overall meaning?
SUMMARY This selection gives a brief history of space travel, beginning with the Cold War race to launch the first satellite in space and concluding in todays era of greater international cooperation. After following milestone developments such as the inclusion of women in the United States and other countries space programs, readers learn what it takes to be an astronaut, from science training to swimming tests. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 3 What can you tell about the authors purpose from the chapter titles? PAGE 4 Notice that the definition for orbit is between commas in the sentence A satellite is something that orbits, or travels around, a larger body in space. Write a similarly constructed sentence that uses one of the vocabulary words. PAGE 11 What is one reason there were no women test pilots in the 1950s and 1960s? PAGE 17 What does the survival training tell you about the work of astronauts?
SUMMARY This selection gives a brief history of space travel, beginning with the Russian satellite Sputnik and the dog who was the first living being to fly in space. Readers then learn of the specific training required to become an astronaut or a mission specialist. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 3 What paragraph on this page gives the best clues about the authors purpose? PAGE 4 Look at the sentence What was their focus? Write a sentence that asks this same question in different words. PAGE 10 Alan B. Shepard went into space but not into orbit. What is the difference between being in space and being in orbit? PAGE 15 What might be one reason that pilot astronauts need excellent vision, while mission specialists need only very good vision?
SUMMARY During the Cold War, the former Soviet Union and the United States competed to launch the first satellite in space. The Soviets cosmonauts won the race in the early stages, which prompted the creation of NASA and years of space exploration driven by international competition. Today, scientists from many different countries live on the International Space Station and cooperate in their efforts to further explore space. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 3 This page, unlike the pages that follow, has no bold heading. What does this suggest about the text on this page? PAGE 6 What is one difference between the training of astronauts and cosmonauts? PAGES 10 AND 12 Based on these pages, which country won the early race to explore space? PAGE 21 What sentence on this page best summarizes the current state of space explanation?
Genre: Online Directories Online directories list links to many Web sites about a given topic. You can use an online directory to learn about a topic. Text Features: Directories list topics as links. You may click on any topic link. Or you may type in keywords and click on the search button. Your next step is a list of links to Web sites that are all about you topic.
What topics appear when the researcher clicks on the Space link? What could you do to find a list of Web sites about Space Shuttle astronauts? Is information easy to find on this site? Read Mae Jemisons advice and think about it.