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Rwanda Water Partnership 25 April 2012 Water Resource Management in RwandaEverybody's business.

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Presentation on theme: "Rwanda Water Partnership 25 April 2012 Water Resource Management in RwandaEverybody's business."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rwanda Water Partnership 25 April 2012 Water Resource Management in RwandaEverybody's business

2 Trends in Rwanda Increased demand (irrigation/drinking) Ecological degradation (erosion, deforestation) Flooding Drought Water contamination (mines, agro-chemicals) >Use>Competition>Water stress 2Title

3 Game changer 3Title Climate change

4 Global warming

5 Climate Increasing temperature Changing rain patterns Flooding Droughts Extreme weather events Sea level rise Erosion of soil and nutrients Changing agronomic conditions Changing crops Different insects Spreading of tropical diseases: dengue, malaria, colera, yellow fever Respiratory and cardiac deseases Consequences Agriculture Salud Health

6 Climate water- and food security A minimum for drinking, cooking, washing 50 lts. Minimum of 5 litres de water/day But, one person in the EEUU uses between 250 y 300 lts/day for personal use and garden

7 One ha of wheat consumes between 5 y 16 millons lts (depending on climate and tecnological level) It is more: 1 bread = 40 lt. 1 yoghurt = 300 lt. 1 hamburger = 2,300 lt. Climate water and food security

8 How many people are facing Food insecurity in Rwanda today? 1.Situation has improved since 2006 2.Currently: 1.9 million people live in households that are either food insecure (0.4 million) or at risk of becoming food insecure (1.5 million) should one or more shocks occur 8

9 Climate change and human development It is vital to increase focus on adaptation climate change Poor families have developed creative strategies to cope with climate change However, the current rate of CC creates high risks and vulnerabilities.

10 Vulnerability to climate change 10Title Vulnerable livelihoods 1.Low income agriculturalists (24% of total hh) 2.Agro laborers (19%) 3.Marginal livelihoods (4%) Refugees living in camps People living with HIV aids Other vulnerable households

11 Rwanda climate change assessment (REMA) 11Title

12 Rwanda Low carbon and adaptation strategy 12Title

13 Why IWRM? Water is essential for socio-economic development 13Title Future threats of high losses through Water insecurity More floods and erosion droughts

14 What is IWRM? IWRM is a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems (GWP). 14

15 IWRM components 15

16 Integration of what? Hydrological components: catchment, sources, surface and ground water, access, uses, distribution, quantity y quality. Water soil and environment: processes of erosion, degradation, biodiversity. Water-soil-ecosystem and socio- economic-cultural system: landuse planning, economic functions, other human activities. Institutional integration. Dialogue between multiple actors, social arrangements, norms, conflict resolution, knowledge, and capacities. 16Title

17 Hydrological and administrative scales 17Title Macro Water basin Meso Catchment Watershed /Micro watershed National-international District Province Sector, Municipality

18 So, is integrality a luxury or reality? Irrigation Tourism Water supply Waste water Industry Erosion Flooding Farmers

19 Integrated water management nice but … A former employer said: If you want a something not to be realized: you tell them it should be more integral Integrality is nice for philosophic deliberations but not apt for practical action

20 IWRM partial and IWRM complete Complete IWRM Based in legislative and institutional reform and intersectoral implementation (long term, political) Partial IWRM Based on individual and institutional actions within the catchment applying the WRM principles (practical, immediate) 20Title

21 IWRM and WASH: Integrated water chain 5 Recycling 2 Potabilization Distribution 1 Production of raw water 4 Waste-water Sewage 3 Service / use Conventional water service Partial IWRM in WASH

22 IWRM in Water Sanitation and Hygiene 5 Recycling 2 Purification Distributio n 1 Raw water, 4 Waste water 3 Service / use Sustainable WASH services Water source, catchment, INtersectora l distribution (agriculture, drinking water etc), Long term planning Water balance Purification tecnology Operation & maintenance Sustainable, equitable access Service provision Payment Multiple uses.Collection Evacuation, drainage Costs of collection Treatment Recycling Reintegrati on in nature system Nutrients Economic activities related to waste water Methane capture

23 IWRM and WASH (Cluster) Production of raw water Service / use Waste water Social organizations Knowledge centres Universities, vocational training Private companies: spare parts; polluters Catchment financial services NGO´s Value creation: economic, social, environmental Government (policies) Treatment & recycling- Tourism companies Regulator Farmers

24 SNV Experience Bolivia: National Catchment Management Plan Catchment considered as living space. Implementation based on: action, research, learning. Promotion of water users organizations and regional platforms, with horizontal and vertical linkages. Main challenge: political interference. Strong need for decision framework with agreed rules and process steps. 24Title

25 SNV experience Zimbabwe: set up catchment councils Catchment Councils to safeguard users equitable access to- and sustainable management of fresh surface water and groundwater resources. Joint analysis and planning of Water Resources Development and Management. Main challenge: intercultural communication. How to manage disparate users with different sub cultures and disparate interest (large farmers, peasant communities, city, industry, parks,) 25Title

26 Hydrological space for the people of Rwanda hydrographical network (2km/km 2 ) Two hydrographical basins: The Nile basin and the Congo basin 26

27 Rwanda WRM strategy: The Mission The mission of the Government in the management of water resources is to ensure protection, conservation, restoration and rational use of water resources to meet the countrys medium and long term socio-economic development goals. 27Title

28 WRM strategy: The principles 28Title Water is a finite resource Water is human right Water resource is an economic good Water is a social good Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Participatory management Catchment-based water resources management Impacts of climate change on the water resource Internationally shared water resources Economic value Social value Environmental value

29 And now IWRM actions! Awareness raising? Information gathering? Building water reservoirs? Forestry? Organization? Low carbon economy? 29Title

30 Lead questions 1.How to increase the participation and involvement of the stakeholders in implementation of IWRM at all levels. 2.How to improve the coordination of the various interventions national and local level. 3.How to enhance the resilience of our communities to water stress and climate change. 30Title

31 Useful sites for information Rwanda institutional/policy WRM framework RNRA (Old version of water law. No WRM strategy) IWRM GWP for theory about IRWM and toolbox. IRC for partial IWRM Climate change Climate change assessment and low carbon strategy of Rwanda Rema FAO 31Title

32 SNV Water team Beatrice Mukasine (, Richard Nyirishema (, Michiel Verweij ( 32Title

33 Time DescriptionWho 8h00-9h00 Registration of participantsSecretariat 9h00- :9h15Welcome Remarks / Presentation participants RWP Chair Opening remarksRNRA 9h15-10h00Presentation: Rwanda WRM Policy, Strategy and LawMr Kabalisa, D/DG WRM 10h00-10h20 Health Break All participants 10h20-11h00 Open Discussion and Questions Moderator 11h00-11h30IWRM and water securitySNV 11h30-12h00Water security and climate change : Introduction of Bugesera Project Mr SAFARI Patrick 12h00-12h30Children from water vulnerability to water strength. presentation and discussion SNV 13:00h-14h00Lunch All participants 14h-15h00Breakout sessions: Thematic Group worksAll participants 15h00-15h30Plenary: presentations from the GroupsModerator and secretariat 15h30-16h00Election of new Rwanda Water Partnership ( Leadership Committee) RWP 16h00-16h10Conclusions and Way forward Closure Mr SAFARI Patrick 16h10-16h30Closing RemarksChair RWP Towards IWRM through collaboration and partnerships Kigali 25 th April 2012

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