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1 Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements (ACSA) 101 UNCLASSIFIED Multinational Interagency Division Joint Staff, Logistics Directorate, J-4.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements (ACSA) 101 UNCLASSIFIED Multinational Interagency Division Joint Staff, Logistics Directorate, J-4."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements (ACSA) 101 UNCLASSIFIED Multinational Interagency Division Joint Staff, Logistics Directorate, J-4

2 2 ACSA – What, Why, Purpose Historical Background Definitions Key Tenets Permitted/Prohibited Items Eligibility/Staffing Process Section 1202 Authority Examples of Past ACSA Use Key Take Away Overview UNCLASSIFIED

3 3 ACSA – What, Why, Purpose What: Bilateral agreement for the exchange of logistics support, supplies, & services (LSSS) during exercises, training, or emergency situations Why: US law prohibits buying, selling, giving, and loaning support to another country without legal authority ACSA statute provides authority Purpose: To further readiness of U.S./Multinational forces by reducing initial logistics embarkation UNCLASSIFIED

4 4 ACSA History 1970s: Troop reductions in Europe forced increased reliance on NATO allies for logistics support Commercial contracting for acquiring support Foreign Military Sales (FMS) for providing support Both highly formalized, cumbersome/time consuming as number of requests grew 4 August 1980: NATO Mutual Support Act (NMSA) Provided simplified authority for acquiring NATO support in exchange for cash or replacement in kind (RIK) Authorized DoD (after consultation with DOS) to enter into agreements with NATO allies & subsidiary organizations to acquire support Granted authority to provide support outside of FMS UNCLASSIFIED

5 5 ACSA History (cont) 1982:Expanded to include Japan, Australia, Korea, Israel & Egypt; Name changed to ACSA 1986: Expanded to include non-NATO nations 1990:Changed RIK criteria from identical to equal value 1991: Removed geographic restrictions 1995: Expanded to allow exchange of airlift, permit loans,& clarify use during exercises 1997: Expanded to include non-lethal items not listed as SME on US Munitions List, i.e. certain types of communication equipment, radios, etc. UNCLASSIFIED

6 6 ACSA Definition An Agreement Under Which the United States Agrees to Provide Logistic Support, Supplies and Services to Military Forces of a Qualifying Country or Organization … in Return for the Reciprocal Provision of Logistic Support, Supplies and Services by Such Government or Organization to Elements of the [United States] Armed Forces. Est. by US Law: 10 U.S.C. Section 2342(a)(2) UNCLASSIFIED

7 7 ACSA Definition (cont) ACSAs are bilateral agreements for the reimbursable mutual exchange of logistics support, supplies, & services Two Authorities Exist Cross-Servicing Agreement Authority (Signed ACSA) Transfer of logistics supplies & services between military forces Acquisition-Only Agreement Authority US Armed Forces can acquire logistics supplies & services from eligible countries that: Permit US military operations; allow stationing of US armed forces; preposition US materiel; or serve as host for exercises UNCLASSIFIED

8 8 LSSS Defined Logistic support, supplies, and services. Food, water, billeting, transportation (including airlift), petroleum, oils, lubricants, clothing, communication services, medical services, ammunition, base operations support (and construction incident to base operations support), storage services, use of facilities, training services, spare parts and components, repair and maintenance services, calibration services, and port services. Such term also includes the temporary use of general purpose vehicles and other non-lethal items of military equipment which are not designated as significant military equipment on the U.S. Munitions list. Est. by US Law: 10 U.S.C. Section 2350 UNCLASSIFIED

9 9 Key Tenets All transactions are reimbursable Reimbursement made in cash, replacement in kind (RIK) or equal value exchange (EVE) Parties to the ACSA can decline support requests Reciprocal pricing principles apply ACSA must not circumvent Foreign Military Sales (FMS) or other established processes Annual ceilings apply except when ACSA is used to support contingencies, humanitarian & foreign disaster assistance efforts ACSA Global Tracking and Reporting System (AGATRS) System of record for ACSA transactions UNCLASSIFIED

10 10 Permitted Items Food/Clothing/POL Transportation Port Services Medical Services Base Operations Support Use of Facilities Spares/Components Billeting Airlift Communication Services Ammunition Storage Services Training Services Repair & Maintenance UNCLASSIFIED

11 11 UNCLASSIFIED Permitted ACSA Support FOOD AND FOOD SERVICE BILLETING OR TEMPORARY SHELTER REFUELING OF AIR OR GROUND VEHICLES COLD WEATHER ITEMS AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING (EMERGENCY ONLY) FIELD RADIO SUPPORT; ACCESS TO COMMS SATELITES AIRLIFT AND GROUND TRANSPORTATION

12 12 Permitted ACSA Support (cont) STORAGE SERVICES PROVISION OF MEDICAL CARE; EMERGENCY PROVISION OF MEDICAL SUPPLIES SMALL ARMS AMMO; UNGUIDED BOMBS AND MISSILES BASE OPERATIONS SUPPORT (CONSTRUCTION) BASE OPERATIONS SUPPORT (LAUNDRY) BASE OPERATIONS SUPPORT (SECURITY) UNCLASSIFIED

13 13 Permitted ACSA Support (cont) SPARE PARTS AND COMPONENTS PORT SERVICES TEMPORARY USE OF ANOTHER NATIONS BUILDING REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES TRAINING IN AIRCRAFT/VEHICLE CROSS-SERVICING; USE OF TRAINING RANGES LEASE/LOAN OF GENERAL PURPOSE VEHICLES UNCLASSIFIED

14 14 Prohibited Items Weapon systems Guidance kits for bombs & other ammunition Initial quantities of replacement parts & spares Guided missiles, naval mines & torpedoes Nuclear & chemical ammunition UNCLASSIFIED

15 15 Excluded Support GROUND COMBAT VEHICLES (Does not apply to ISAF) COMBAT AIRCRAFT NAVAL VESSELS TRANSFER OF HELICOPTERS GUIDED MISSILES OR BOMBS UNCLASSIFIED

16 16 CLASSIFIED Eligibility/Staffing Process Combatant Commander submits request to JS SECDEF determines if eligibility is in the interest of US National Security Department of State (DOS) determination If all concur, Congressional Notification (30 days) With no response, country declared eligible and Combatant Commander is notified After a country is eligible, the Combatant Commanders ACSA Team Negotiates the ACSA with the eligible country using the DoS/DoD approved template, May 06 Forwards agreement to Joint Staff for review Washington Review (Joint Staff/OSD/Dos) ~ 90 days If approved, Signing Authority is delegated to Combatant Commander (or representative) who signs agreement with country representative May require countrys parliamentary approval/diplomatic exchange of notes Bottom-Line NOT FAST, DO BEFORE OPERATION/EXERCISE

17 17 ACSA Authority Under The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 Section 1202 ACSA SME ACSA Authority Under The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 Section 1202 ACSA SME CLASSIFIED

18 18 Section 1202 Authority Loan of certain Significant Military Equipment to Foreign Forces for Personnel Protection and Survivability Participating or training to deploy with US Forces in combined operations in Iraq, Afghanistan or peacekeeping operation under the UN Charter or other International Agreement. US requirements must be met Loans limited to 1 year duration Authority can be delegated to Combatant Commanders but is limited to: –Military vehicles designed to accommodate crew-served weapons for convoy security operations –Up-armored HMMWVs, including MRAPs –Add-on armor kits. –Command, control, and communication systems, including Blue Force Tracker and radios.] –Crew-served weapons (.50 caliber and below) for convoy/base camp security operations. –Protective masks. –Counter-improvised explosive devices (other than classified systems ). UNCLASSIFIED

19 19 Examples Of Past ACSA Use Nation provided support services (POL and billeting) to US forces during exercises (cash) US provided a nation cots, bedding, and tents to support a Volcano evacuation (cash) US provided riot control gear to a nation (RIK) US provided airlift & cots to a nation during ice storms (cash) US supplied fire fighting equipment to support fighting forest fires (RIK) US provided Body Armor (EVE) US provided Personal Equipment to country for deployment (cash) UNCLASSIFIED

20 20 ACSA Key Take Away Allows logistics exchanges between US and other military forces/organizations Provides flexibility to on-scene commander Provides means to meet logistics shortfall emergencies Reduces the logistics tail for joint exercises and/or contingencies Applies worldwide UNCLASSIFIED

21 21 PACOM(9) PACOM (14) JFCOM (2) NORTHCOM (1) CENTCOM (11) SOUTHCOM (7) SOUTHCOM (10) Australia Korea Japan Thailand* EUCOM (44) Denmark Belgium Hungary Luxembourg Bahrain Jordan Tonga 101 Agreements (*39 w/expiration dates) Rep of Macedonia Portugal Canada ACT Argentina Estonia Finland Slovakia Latvia Peru* New Zealand* Singapore Ukraine Switzerland South Africa Senegal Bulgaria Austria Albania Pakistan* Tajikistan* Israel Gabon Greece Tunisia Turkey Czech Republic Poland Italy Spain NAMSO SHAPEUnited Kingdom Bosnia & Herzegovina* Germany France Netherlands Norway Lithuania Romania* Georgia* Qatar* Philippines* Colombia* El Salvador* Croatia* UNCLASSIFIED ACSAs by Combatant Commander Uzbekistan* UAE Mongolia* Honduras* Dominican Republic* Botswana* Cape Verde* Moldova* Kazakhstan* JFCOM (1) Afghanistan* Ireland* Chad* Slovenia* Armenia* Uganda* Rwanda*Ghana* Malaysia Azerbaijan* Lebanon DROC Mali Serbia Oman* Sri Lanka* Mozambique Sweden* Montenegro AFRICOM (20) Liberia Burkina Faso Mauritania Djibouti* Ethiopia*Benin NicaraguaIndonesia Maldives Date: 13 July 2011 Brunei* Chile* Ecuador*Uruguay* Sao Tome & Principe NAMO NC3O


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