Presentation on theme: "US Regions and Economy STD 11.2.6 Objective: identify geographic advantages and their role in America's emergence as an economic/industrial power."— Presentation transcript:
US Regions and Economy STD 11.2.6 Objective: identify geographic advantages and their role in America's emergence as an economic/industrial power
APK Are certain areas better to create certain items? – Ag – Cattle – Manufacturing
Importance U.S. industry needed international trade during the late 1800s and early 1900s to A. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and steamships. B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to new markets. C. keep the United States dollar on the gold standard. D. provide American consumers with a choice of products.
Civil War Civil War changed way life – South Agriculture – excellent soil for growing Slave based economy No taxes on goods – North Manufacturing – poor soil for growing Immigrants work for little pay Tax foreign goods CFU: What was the economy of the North? What was the economy of the South? Pair Share Explain which region was better fit to produce on a large scale?
South Agriculture stays on top No standard for railroads – Different gages track so trains stop at your track Mechanization of farm equipment – Less farmers produce more – Less need for farmers – small farms close CFU: What was the economy of the South? Pair Share How does a lack of railroads hinder the South? Explain the role mechanization plays in industrialization.
North Increased manufacturing – Transportation through rails – Raw materials are abundant – Cities grow Incoming farmers Immigrants – Steel production Causes cities to grow (up – skyscraper, elevator) CFU: What was the economy of the North? Pair Share How do the railroads help the North? Explain a problem that the North has with industrialization.
North Mass production causes: – Need for new markets – Surplus of goods (overproduction) – Cheap goods CFU: What was the Norths main problem? Pair Share How has industrialization in the North shaped America to what it has become today?
Midwest Indian Problems – Settlers fight for land (believe it is theirs because they are white) – Forcefully move Indians to reservations – Assimilation of Indians Demand for Beef – After Civil War demand for beef increased – Open plains of Midwest was perfect place CFU: What was the economy of the Midwest? Pair Share How would open space create and lead to specialization for the Midwest?
Midwest Cattle – Chicago, Kansas City, St Louis, Omaha became ending point for cattle – Railroads allowed easy shipping – Freezer rail cars – Butchered and sent to the East and West Farms – Settlers come by rails – Drawn to region by land grants by government – Focus on grain & corn Oil CFU: What was the main draw for farmers and immigrants? How did Railroads help farmers? Pair Share Do you see a possible problem between farmers and Railroads?
West Railroads – Draw settlers to new areas – Silver and Gold Adventure Farming CFU: What was the economy of the West? Pair Share What is the main draw to the West?
Railroads Increased production – Raw materials – Finished products Consumers themselves – Steel – Jobs, oil, workers CFU: How do railroads effect or change industrialization?
Urban Cities Dense population Provide workers for factories New problems – Crime, sanitation, housing CFU: How did cities effect or change industrialization?
Closure U.S. industry needed international trade during the late 1800s and early 1900s to A. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and steamships. B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to new markets. C. keep the United States dollar on the gold standard. D. provide American consumers with a choice of products.
Closure Which of the following industrial developments launched the United States as a major industrial power by sharpening the techniques and skills that managers needed to run other large businesses? A telephones B railroads C labor unions D electric lights
Closure More than any other invention, the development of __________ led to increased economic and industrial growth in the United States. A the steam engine B railroads C kerosene D electric lighting
Closure The immense U.S. industrial boom, in the early Twentieth Century, could be attributed to __________. A a growing urban population B government support for businesses C an abundance of natural resources D All of the above
Closure One of the reasons the United States emerged as an industrial power was the new readily available natural resource operations located in the __________. A North B South C West D East
Closure Which of the following was responsible for the United States to industrialize rapidly by giving industry a large work force? A immigration B emigration C health insurance D labor unions
Closure The use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefit A. telephone and telegraph operators. B. railroad companies and train travelers. C. manufacturers who dealt in interstate trade. D. factory owners whose workers had set schedules.