Presentation on theme: "US Regions and Economy STD"— Presentation transcript:
1US Regions and Economy STD 11.2.6 Objective: identify geographic advantages and their role in America's emergence as an economic/industrial power
2APK Are certain areas better to create certain items? Ag Cattle Manufacturing
3ImportanceU.S. industry needed international trade during the late 1800s and early 1900s toA. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and steamships.B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to new markets.C. keep the United States dollar on the gold standard.D. provide American consumers with a choice of products.
4Civil War Civil War changed way life South North Agriculture – excellent soil for growingSlave based economyNo taxes on goodsNorthManufacturing – poor soil for growingImmigrants work for little payTax foreign goodsCFU:What was the economy of the North?What was the economy of the South?Pair ShareExplain which region was better fit to produce on a large scale?
5South Agriculture stays on top No standard for railroads Different gages track so trains stop at your trackMechanization of farm equipmentLess farmers produce moreLess need for farmers – small farms closeCFU:What was the economy of the South?Pair ShareHow does a lack of railroads hinder the South?Explain the role mechanization plays in industrialization.
6North Increased manufacturing Transportation through rails Raw materials are abundantCities growIncoming farmersImmigrantsSteel productionCauses cities to grow (up – skyscraper, elevator)CFU:What was the economy of the North?Pair ShareHow do the railroads help the North?Explain a problem that the North has with industrialization.
7North Mass production causes: Need for new markets Surplus of goods (overproduction)Cheap goodsCFU:What was the North’s main problem?Pair ShareHow has industrialization in the North shaped America to what it has become today?
8Midwest Indian Problems Demand for Beef Settlers fight for land (believe it is theirs because they are white)Forcefully move Indians to reservationsAssimilation of IndiansDemand for BeefAfter Civil War demand for beef increasedOpen plains of Midwest was perfect placeCFU:What was the economy of the Midwest?Pair ShareHow would open space create and lead to specialization for the Midwest?
9Midwest Cattle Farms Oil Chicago, Kansas City, St Louis, Omaha became ending point for cattleRailroads allowed easy shippingFreezer rail carsButchered and sent to the East and WestFarmsSettlers come by railsDrawn to region by land grants by governmentFocus on grain & cornOilCFU:What was the main draw for farmers and immigrants?How did Railroads help farmers?Pair ShareDo you see a possible problem between farmers and Railroads?
10West Railroads Adventure Farming Draw settlers to new areas Silver and GoldAdventureFarmingCFU:What was the economy of the West?Pair ShareWhat is the main draw to the West?
11Railroads Increased production Consumers themselves Raw materials Finished productsConsumers themselvesSteelJobs, oil, workersCFU:How do railroads effect or change industrialization?
12Urban Cities Dense population Provide workers for factories New problemsCrime, sanitation, housingCFU:How did cities effect or change industrialization?
13ClosureU.S. industry needed international trade during the late 1800s and early 1900s toA. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and steamships.B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to new markets.C. keep the United States dollar on the gold standard.D. provide American consumers with a choice of products.
14ClosureWhich of the following industrial developments launched the United States as a major industrial power by sharpening the techniques and skills that managers needed to run other large businesses?A telephonesB railroadsC labor unionsD electric lights
15ClosureMore than any other invention, the development of __________ led to increased economic and industrial growth in the United States.A the steam engineB railroadsC keroseneD electric lighting
16ClosureThe immense U.S. industrial boom, in the early Twentieth Century, could be attributed to __________.A a growing urban populationB government support for businessesC an abundance of natural resourcesD All of the above
17ClosureOne of the reasons the United States emerged as an industrial power was the new readily available natural resource operations located in the __________.A NorthB SouthC WestD East
18ClosureWhich of the following was responsible for the United States to industrialize rapidly by giving industry a large work force?A immigrationB emigrationC health insuranceD labor unions
19ClosureThe use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefitA. telephone and telegraph operators.B. railroad companies and train travelers.C. manufacturers who dealt in interstate trade.D. factory owners whose workers had set schedules.