Presentation on theme: "ARMED AND DANGEROUS: Arms Transfers to Israel during the Bush Administration."— Presentation transcript:
ARMED AND DANGEROUS: Arms Transfers to Israel during the Bush Administration
OUTLINE Background on military aid to Israel Arms transfers during the Bush Admin Impact on Palestinian civilians Developments during the Obama Admin U.S. laws governing arms transfers Policy recommendations
BACKGROUND ON MILITARY AID TO ISRAEL Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns Signs MOU with Israel, Aug From , more than $101 billion in total U.S. aid to Israel Previous Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) phased out economic aid and increased military aid between FY Current MOU to increase military aid to $30 billion from FY , average increase of 25% Presidents FY2010 budget request for $2.775 billion in FMF
ARMS TRANSFERS TO ISRAEL DURING THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION Jebalya Refugee Camp, Gaza Strip after September-October 2004 attack by Israel. Foreign Military Sales (FMS): $25,203,000,000 Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): $6,161,109,945 Excess Defense Articles (EDA): $36,048,510 Total: $31,400,158,455
DIRECT COMMERCIAL SALES (DCS) Top Ten Categories, FY Aircraft spare parts, $557,895,988 2.Missile spare parts, $448,435,429 3.Engine jet F-100 spare parts, $439,172,281 4.Engine jet F-100 series (F-15, F-16), $254,240,643 5.Aircraft fighter, F-16 spare parts, $209,766,607 6.Ship components and spare parts, $197,708,382 7.Aircraft fighter, F-15 spare parts, $186,171,596 8.Electronics components and spare parts, $163,279,072 9.Ammunition raw materials, $127,709, Training equipment, $120,028,890
EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES (EDA)
PALESTINIAN CIVILIAN FATALITIES From January November 2008, Israel killed 2,086 Palestinian civilians not taking part in hostilities, of whom 723 were children under 18. Data taken from Btselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories.
PALESTINIAN CIVILIAN FATALITIES Gunfire: Bullets, Fletchettes, Grenades, Live Ammo, Missiles, Rubber-Coated Bullets, Shells, Other Total: 1,232Children: 425 Helicopter: Missiles, Other Total: 458Children: 134 Tank: Bullets, Fletchettes, Live Ammo, Missiles, Shells, Other Total: 275Children: 121 Fighter Jet: Bombs, Missiles, Other Total: 28Children: 16 House Demolition: Bombs, Other Total: 21Children: 7 Explosion: Bombs, Booby-Trapped Cars, Shells Total: 7Children: 6 Armored Personnel Carriers: Live Ammo, Other Total: 5Children: 3 Miscellaneous: Beatings, Fires, Hit by Vehicles, Shelling, Tear Gas, Other Total: 60Children: 11
OPERATION CAST LEAD, DEC JAN ,387 Palestinians killed * 773 didn t take part in hostilities * 248 civilian police officers * 330 took part in hostilities * 36 undetermined (Source: B Tselem, Sept. 2009) More than 5,500 Palestinians injured 4,000 buildings destroyed, $2 billion in damage to civilian infrastructure U.S. Weapons Used by Israel F-16 and Apache helicopter gunships More than $300 million in spare parts ( ) JP-8 Aviation Jet Fuel 186 million gallons in July 2008 Naval combat ships $1.9 billion in littoral combat ships in July 2008 TOW, Hellfire, bunker buster missiles $1.3 billion deal with Raytheon in October 2007 GBU-39 small diameter bombs $77 million deal with Boeing in September 2008 Tanks, APCs, Vehicles, Night-Vision Goggles $450 million since 2001 M825A1155mm white phosphorous shells
DEVELOPMENTS DURING THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION Netanyahu, Obama, Abbas in New York, September 2009 Delivery of more than 300 containers of weapons to Israel, Mar FY2010 budget request for $2.775 billion in military aid to Israel, Apr Goldstone Report unbalanced, one sided and basically unacceptable, Sept House passes H.Res.867, condemning Goldstone Report, Nov. 2009
U.S. LAWS GOVERNING ARMS TRANSFERS Arms Export Control Act (P.L ): Weapons are limited to internal security and legitimate self-defense only. Foreign Assistance Act (P.L ): No assistance may be provided…to the government of any country which engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights. Leahy Law (Foreign Ops Appropriations Act): No aid to any unit of the security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary of State has credible evidence that such unit has committed gross violations of human rights.
POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS 1.Future military aid to Israel should be considered from moral, legal, and political perspectives. Is Israel using U.S. weapons for legitimate self-defense? Why should U.S. taxpayers be complicit in the deaths of Palestinian civilians? How do these arms transfers promote a just peace between Israelis and Palestinians? How do these arms transfers promote U.S. goals of stopping settlements and ending the siege of Gaza? 2.Israel must be held accountable for its violations of the Arms Export Control Act. Congress must adhere to the provisions of the laws it enacts. Members of Congress should support Rep. Kucinichs demand for a State Department investigation and make sure it is done completely and accurately. 3.Congress must condition future appropriations to protect innocent Palestinians from being killed by U.S. weapons. FY2011 Foreign Operations appropriations bill should include loan guarantee language. Funds appropriated may be used "only to support activities in the geographic areas which were subject to the administration of the Government of Israel before June 5, 1967."