Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4. Speaking to Inform. Preparing for the Informative Speech Blueprint: a vision of what you want to build. Analyzing your audience Choosing your."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 4. Speaking to Inform
Preparing for the Informative Speech Blueprint: a vision of what you want to build. Analyzing your audience Choosing your topic Narrowing your topic Gathering information Preparing visual aids Organizing your speech
Top-down or Bottom-up? _____ Introduction _____ Body _____ Conclusion Why? Organizing your speech 1 2 3
Order of preparing informative speech Body Preview Attention-getting opener Summary Memorable concluding remarks Transitions
Step 1: Prepare the body Past-Present-Future Time (Step-by-Step Process) Problem-Solution Location Cause-Effect Effect-Cause Related Subtopics Advantage-Disadvantage
Step 2: Prepare a preview To tell your audience what youre going to cover before you actually begin the body part. – Present the thesis – Forecast the major points on the speech
Step 3: An attention-getting opener Ask rhetorical questions – Have you ever stood in a freezing river at 5 o'clock in the morning? Tell a story State a surprising fact – According to the research reported by the National Cancer Intelligence Network in UK in 2006-2007, men are almost 40 percent more likely to die from cancer than women. State a well-known quotation. Time to use rhetorical questions: 1. Is the audience ready? 2. Are you ready? 3. Is the question appropriate for the audience? 4. Is it even possible to start a speech with a rhetorical question? Time to use rhetorical questions: 1. Is the audience ready? 2. Are you ready? 3. Is the question appropriate for the audience? 4. Is it even possible to start a speech with a rhetorical question?
Step 4: Prepare a summary To remind your audience of what you said. – To summarize your info in order to remind your audience of what you said – To repeat the main points covered in the body of your speech.
Step 5: A memorable concluding remarks Rhetorical questions Stories Surprising facts Quotation – We have to be like the bird–the bird that author Victor Hugo once observed –passing on her flight awhile on boughs too slight, feels them give way beneath her, and yet sings, knowing that she hath wings. End your speech with an attitude, not a platitude. Freedom
Approaching to the end… Say your concluding remarks slowly and clearly. Maintain eye contact with your audience. Be as dramatic & confident as possible. Thank you audience for listening. Leave time for Q&A section.