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COMMON CORE 101 Arizona Common Core Standards: What Governing Boards, Parents, and Community Members Need to Know... ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC West Central Regional Service Center Council Members La Paz County Mohave County Janice Shelton* Mike File* Jim Lotts Mike Ford Jacque Price John Warren Yavapai County Yuma County Tim Carter* Tom Tyree* Dean Slaga Laura Noel David Smucker Darwin Stiffler * - County Superintendent
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 2 COMMON CORE 101 Dan Brown, MEd Arizona Department of Education Deputy Associate Superintendent School Improvement and Implementation The Arizona Common Core Standards is a state and national initiative to get all students working on the same curricula, calendared for learning, at the same time. Students moving from state to state, or from one district or school to another will be afforded a more consistent transition into their learning environment. The Arizona Common Core Standards also require students to think more critically. Having the ability to think, re-think and think again, to solve real world problems, is critical for life. This skill will be used to process information at a higher level. In todays world, we cant be expected to know all that there is to know. Yet understanding the process for finding information through analyzing, synthesizing and seeing a venue for resolution will be critical.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 3 COMMON CORE 101 Introduction: The Arizona Legislature and the Arizona Department of Education recognized the critical economic and social need for a literate workforce and fully functioning community members in order to meet the demands of a new world global economy. Arizona Department of Education committed to revolutionizing education by: 1. PREPARING students with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in the jobs of today and tomorrow; 2. TRANSFORMING what students learn and how they are taught through real-world experiences and higher expectations; and 3. MEETING employer demands for a highly skilled, adaptable workforce.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 4 COMMON CORE 101 TO ACCOMPLISH THIS, the Arizona Department of Education adopted Arizonas Common Core Standards that will prepare todays students for global competition in tomorrows careers in the following ways: 1. INCREASING educator effectiveness through continuous professional development and the professional support (resources and technology) they need to substantially increase student learning; 2. ESTABLISHING collaborative partnerships with key education stakeholders in Arizona and across the nation to implement transformative change; and 3. REMOVING obstacles and barriers to implement transformative change. Introduction (cont.):
Why the Need for the Arizona Common Core Standards? 1.Todays workplace is far different than it was even ten years ago. 2.Unlike past generations, teachers today must prepare students for a world of possibilities that may not even currently exist. 3.The workforce of tomorrow must be flexible, motivated, and be able to draw from a wide variety of skill sets. 4.The ability to effectively communicate, collaborate, and adapt to situations will be critical to ensuring competition in a global market. 5.The Arizona Common Core Standards ensure that all students, no matter where they live, are prepared for success in postsecondary education and the workforce. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 5 COMMON CORE 101
Why the Need for the Arizona Common Core Standards? (cont.) 6.The use of common standards will help ensure that all students are consistently receiving a high quality education, from school to school and state to state. 7.The use of educational standards help teachers ensure their students have the necessary skills and knowledge to be successful by providing clearly defined goals for student learning. 8.The standards wont try to tell teachers how to teach! 9.Standards dictate the end product. Teachers determine how to get their students to that destination point. 10.These standards define the knowledge and skills students should have within their K-12 education careers in order to graduate high school able to succeed in entry-level, credit-bearing academic college courses and in workforce training programs. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 6 COMMON CORE 101
Discussion Topics 1.History and Characteristics of the Arizona Common Core Standards 2.Basis for the Arizona Common Core Standards English Language Arts Mathematics 3.PARCC Testing System 4.Grades for Schools and School Districts Possible Implications 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 7 COMMON CORE 101
History of the Common Core Standards 1.Arizonas Common Core Standards development originated from a state-led effort. 2.The Common Core State Standards Initiative was coordinated by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers. 3.Governors and state superintendents of education from 48 states and the District of Columbia committed to developing a common core of state standards in English Language Arts and Mathematics for grades K-12. 4.The Common Core Standards were developed by standards experts and educators and adopted by the State of Arizona in 2010. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 8 COMMON CORE 101
History of the Common Core Standards (cont.) 5.The Common Core Standards are: Research and evidence-based Supported by rigorous international benchmarks Recipients of multiple rounds of feedback from states and national organizations representing educators and educational organizations such as: International Reading Association National Council of Teachers of Mathematics National Council of Teachers of English 6.Arizona actively engaged in the development of the Common Core Standards in both English Language Arts and Mathematics, in partnership with a great number of states across the country. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 9 COMMON CORE 101
Characteristics of the Arizona Common Core Standards 1.Fewer standards and more rigorous than current state standards 2.Aligned with college and career expectations 3.Internationally benchmarked 4.Rigorous content and application of higher-order skills 5.Builds on strengths and lessons of current state standards 6.Skills and concepts are clearly defined 7.Ability to apply concepts and skills to new situations is expected 8.Research based 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 10 COMMON CORE 101
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 11 COMMON CORE 101 Kristie Martorelli, MEd Arizona Educ. Foundation 2012 Arizona Teacher of the Year K-3 Reading Interventionist Common is good... One of the most powerful parts of the Common Core Standards is that they are "common." In our area and around our nation we have many students who move multiple times during their educational journey. With the overwhelming majority of states participating in these same standards, there will be less inconsistency, not only among different states, but also between schools and classrooms within those schools. The Common Core Standards expect our teachers and students to take on different roles in our classrooms. Our teachers will become guides as our students discover new concepts. Educators will encourage higher level thinking and purposeful conversations around these new concepts.
Basis for the Common Core Standards – English Language Arts Common Core Shifts for English Language Arts and Literacy 1. Complexity: The Standards require regular practice with complex text and its academic language 2. Evidence: The Standards emphasize reading and writing grounded in evidence from text, both literary and informational 3. Knowledge: The Standards require building knowledge through content rich non-fiction 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 12 COMMON CORE 101
Arizona Common Core Standards – English Language Arts The Arizona Common Core Standards in English Language Arts can be found at: http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/2010-arizona-ela-standards/ The Arizona Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts are the next generation of K–12 standards in order to help ensure that all students are college and career ready in literacy no later than the end of high school. The Standards set requirements not only for English Language Arts but also for literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Just as students must learn to read, write, speak, listen, and use language effectively in a variety of content areas, so too must the Standards specify the literacy skills and understandings required for college and career readiness in multiple disciplines. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 13 COMMON CORE 101
Arizona Common Core Standards – English Language Arts The Arizona Common Core Standards in English Language Arts are broken down into different clusters from the anchor standards. The 2010 English Language Arts Standards by subject and grade. Grades K-5Grades 6-12Reading -Literature, Informational Text, and-Literature and Informational Text Foundational SkillsWriting WritingSpeaking and Listening Speaking and ListeningLanguage Language ** Reading and Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 14 COMMON CORE 101
Format for Common Core Standards – English Language Arts 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 15 COMMON CORE 101 Reading Standards for Literature K-5 Grade 3 Students: DomainDomain StandardStandard Craft and Structure Key Ideas and Details Grade Level ClusterCluster 1.Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as a basis for the answers. 2. Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed…. 1.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language. 2.Refer to parts of the stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part… 3.Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or those of the characters
Arizona Common Core Standards – English Language Arts 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 16 COMMON CORE 101 Cluster Breakdown of Reading Standards Literature Key Ideas and Details Craft and Structure Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity Informational Text Key Ideas and Details Craft and Structure Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity Foundational Skills Print Concepts Phonological Awareness Phonics and Word Recognition Fluency Cluster Breakdown of Writing Standards Text Types and Purpose Production and Distribution of Writing Research to Build and Present Knowledge Range of Writing Cluster Breakdown for Speaking and Listening Standards Comprehension and Collaboration Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Cluster Breakdown for Language Standards Conventions of Standard English Knowledge of Language Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
As a tool for education, the Common Core Standards help teachers strategically plan their classroom lessons. For me, the mathematical practices embedded in the math standards are of the greatest importance! It aligns both procedural and conceptual knowledge through reasoning. I agree with National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) and the Leadership in Mathematics Education who state all students … need to believe that mathematics is sensible, worthwhile, and doable! … 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 17 COMMON CORE 101 Linda L. Morrow, MEd Navajo County School Superintendent and Mathematics Specialist
Basis for the Common Core Standards - Mathematics Common Core Shifts for Mathematics 1. Focus: The Standards focus in on the key content, skills, and practices at each grade level 2. Coherence: Content in the Standards builds across the grades, and major topics are linked within grades 3. Rigor: In major topics, the Standards highlight conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency, and application 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 18 COMMON CORE 101
Arizona Common Core Standards – Mathematics The Arizona Common Core Standards in Mathematics can be found at: http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/mathematics-standards/ The Arizona Common Core Standards in Mathematics provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them. The standards are focused, coherent, and relevant to the real world, describing the knowledge and skills that students need for success in college and careers. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 19 COMMON CORE 101
8/9/2012©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 20 In K-8 (Kindergarten, Elementary, and Middle School) each grade contains work on several domains, as described in the table below. For example: In Grade 1, the content includes Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Number and Operations in Base Ten, Measurement and Data, and Geometry. Grade K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 COMMON CORE 101 Ratios and Proportional Relationships Counting and Cardinality Functions Expression and Equations The Number System Statistics and Probability Geometry Domains Operations and Algebraic Thinking Measurement and Data Number and Operations in Base Ten Geometry Fractions
8/9/2012©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 21 COMMON CORE 101 In High School, the standards are arranged in conceptual categories, such as Algebra or Functions are embedded in the different mathematics classes. In each conceptual category there are domains, such as Creating Equations and Interpreting Functions. Conceptual Category Domains Number and Quantity The Real Number System Quantities Seeing Structure in Expressions Vector & Matrix Quantities Creating Equations Arithmetic with Polynomials and Rational Expressions Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities Linear, Quadratic, and Exponential Models Statistics and Probability Algebra Building Functions Trigonometric Functions Interpreting Functions Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations Geometric Measurement and Dimension Geometry The Complex Number System Congruence Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry Making Inferences and Justifying Conclusions Conditional Probability & the Rules of Probability Using Probability to Make Decisions
Format for K-8 Mathematics CC Standards 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 22 COMMON CORE 101 Grade Level DomainDomain ClusterCluster StandardStandard
Public education is preparing for a large shift in teaching practice and for student assessment practice. In 2014, students will be assessed using the Partnership Assessment Readiness of College and Career (PARCC). This assessment is based upon the new Common Core Standards. These standards are much more rigorous and require learning to be done through combining separate subjects into an integrated unit of study. The PARCC assessment will require students to demonstrate many skills. Some of those skills are that students will be able to complete multiple step problems, analyze informational texts, and write extended responses that demonstrate their knowledge of concepts and abstract reasoning. These are all great expectations for student learning, but will require the District to train teachers in the new expectations, find new resources and materials, and find time for teachers to engage in shared planning time as they create units of study aligned to the new CC standards. 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 23 COMMON CORE 101 Barbara URen, MEd Superintendent Cottonwood-Oak Creek ESD
PARCC Testing System As a result of schools and school district use of the PARCC Testing System: Students will know if they are on track to graduate ready for college and careers; Teachers will receive regular results to guide learning and instruction; Parents will have clear and timely information about the progress of their children; States will have valid results that are comparable across the member states, and; 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 24 COMMON CORE 101 Students will demonstrate knowledge of standards by completion of Extended Response questions in addition to regular multiple choice questions. Students will complete the examinations online and have availability to use current technology to assist in the research of and computation of their responses.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 25 COMMON CORE 101 Drag the words from the word box into the correct locations on the graphic to show the life cycle of a butterfly as described in How Animals Live. Words: GRADE 3 TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED CONSTRUCTED-RESPONSE ITEM Adult Pupa Egg Larva
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 26 COMMON CORE 101 GRADE 7 MATHEMATICS ILLUSTRATIVE SAMPLE ITEM
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 27 COMMON CORE 101 As is true with most federal and state mandates, the move toward Common Core Standards/PARCC Assessment inspires both promise and trepidation. Common Core Standards will undoubtedly level the educational playing field among states, helping to ensure that all of the nation's students are taught and assessed with a greater degree of uniformity and consistency. The Common Core will also help teachers across the country speak a common educational language, rather than the current myriad of "dialects" that exist from state to state, and even from district to district or school to school. The concern is that the required time, human and financial capital necessary to implement such sweeping change in such a relatively short period of time will push many in education up to, and beyond, the point of overload and disillusionment. Greg Schalow, MEd Superintendent Blue Ridge Unified S.D.
Current Process for Grading Schools and School Districts 1.Letter grades are to be used as just one measure of how well a school is performing 2.All schools are equally evaluated both on how many students are passing AIMS each year and how much students academically grow each year 3.Other factors such as dropout rate, graduation rate, and English Language Learner reclassification rate are taken into consideration, when applicable 4.The new accountability system measures and compares this student learning on a school-by-school basis 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 28 COMMON CORE 101
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 29 COMMON CORE 101 A traditional schools grade is based on two factors: Composite Score – 50% weight Academic Outcomes -Percent passing AIMS and AIMS A -Percent ELL students reclassified -Graduation rate * -Dropout rate * * - High School only Growth Score – 50% weight Growth – 25% -All students Growth – 25% -Lowest performing students -Bottom 25% Different Letter Grade Component Breakdowns for Alternative, Small, and K-2 Schools
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 30 COMMON CORE 101 Academic growth is determined by comparing the change in AIMS test scores from one year to the next for similarly achieving students across the state. This is done to evaluate how well a school is growing its students, academically, as they advance from one grade to the next. GradeTotal Score * A140-200 B120-139 C100-119 D0-99 * Approved by Arizona State Board of Education A schools demonstrate an excellent level of performance. - A schools earn points equal to a school that has 90 percent of students passing AIMS and achieves greater academic growth with its population of students than most schools. B schools demonstrate an above average level of performance. - B schools earn points equal to a school that has 70 percent of students passing AIMS and generally achieves typical or greater academic growth with its population of students than most schools.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 31 COMMON CORE 101 C schools demonstrate an average level of performance. - C schools earn points equal to a school that has 50 percent of students passing AIMS and generally achieves typical academic growth with its population of students than most schools. D schools demonstrate a below average level of performance. - D schools earn fewer points than a school that has 50 percent of students passing AIMS and does not achieve typical or greater academic growth with its population of students than most schools. GradeTotal Score * A140-200 B120-139 C100-119 D0-99 F schools are those that score as a D school for three consecutive years. - F schools are then placed into School Improvement by the Arizona Department of Education.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 32 COMMON CORE 101 District and School Letter Grades A school and/or school district may have positive or negative repercussions placed upon them by the Arizona Department of Education based on the letter grade received. Reward Schools Focus Schools Priority Schools High Performing High Progress of Students May Qualify for Additional Funding Achievement Gap Within the School Low Achieving Subgroup Low Graduation Rate School Improvement Grant School Low Graduation Rate Lowest Performing Schools
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 33 COMMON CORE 101 What do the 2010 Arizona English Language Arts and Mathematics Standards mean for Arizona families? 1. Clear, focused standards are consistent across the states. 2. There is a strong emphasis on real-world application of knowledge and skills within the standards. 3. The standards college and career ready goal is designed to prepare all students for success with post-secondary educational and career opportunities.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 34 COMMON CORE 101 What do the 2010 Arizona English Language Arts and Mathematics Standards mean for students? 1. The Standards help to prepare students with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in post secondary education and training. 2. Clear standards help students understand what is expected of them. 3. Consistent expectations across states for all students ensure that Arizona students are both nationally and internationally competitive. 4. Relevant content and application of knowledge through high order thinking skills and questioning provide opportunities for students to prepare for workforce and higher education discussions and experiences.
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 35 COMMON CORE 101 References used in preparation of this presentation include, but are not be limited to, the following: Arizona Department of Education – Arizonas Common Core Standards http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/common-core-state-standards/ United States Department of Education http://www.ed.gov/ Common Core – State Standards Initiative http://www.corestandards.org/ Arizonas Common Core Standards – English Language Arts and Supporting Documents http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/2010-arizona-ela-standards/ Arizonas Common Core Standards – Mathematics and Supporting Documents http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/mathematics-standards/
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 36 COMMON CORE 101 References used in preparation of this presentation include, but are not be limited to, the following (cont.): Arizona Department of Education - PARCC Assessment Home Page http://www.azed.gov/standards-development-assessment/parcc-assessment/ Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers – PARCC http://www.parcconline.org/ National Council of Teachers of Mathematics - NCTM http://www.nctm.org/ National Council of Teachers of English – NCTE http://www.ncte.org/
8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 37 COMMON CORE 101
For additional information about the Common Core Standards, the PARCC assessment, and your school/school districts grade from the ADE, you may contact your local school districts superintendent and principals. Information also may be obtained by visiting the Arizona Department of Educations 2010 Standards and PARCC assessment information website at: http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/common-core-state-standards Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Mike Aylstock Aylstock Consulting, LLC (928) 202-2124 firstname.lastname@example.org 8/9/2012 ©2012 AYLSTOCK CONSULTING, LLC 38 COMMON CORE 101
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