Presentation on theme: "National Centre for Indigenous Studies Is Justice Reinvestment needed in Australia? 2 August 2012 Dr Tom Calma AO National Coordinator Tackling Indigenous."— Presentation transcript:
National Centre for Indigenous Studies Is Justice Reinvestment needed in Australia? 2 August 2012 Dr Tom Calma AO National Coordinator Tackling Indigenous Smoking and Indigenous Rights Advocate
The Justice Reinvestment Movement in Australia –Profile of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples –Overview of the Close the Gap Campaign and governments responses –Where to now? 2 What I will cover in this session
The truth is, a business as usual approach towards Indigenous Australians is not working. Most old approaches are not working. We need a new beginning a new beginning which contains real measures of policy success or policy failure; a new beginning, a new partnership, on closing the gap with sufficient flexibility not to insist on a one-size-fits-all approach for each of the hundreds of remote and regional Indigenous communities across the country but instead allowing flexible, tailored, local approaches to achieve commonly-agreed national objectives that lie at the core of our proposed new partnership; a new beginning that draws intelligently on the experiences of new policy settings across the nation. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, Apology to Australias Indigenous Peoples, 13 Feb 2008 [i] 3
Strategic Review of Indigenous Expenditure – DOF 2010 released 2011 Past approaches to remedying Indigenous disadvantage have clearly failed, and new approaches are needed for the future. Effective service delivery continues to be a major challenge..... F.11 A clear message from the recent past is that policies and programs must be targeted to local needs, in close engagement and active partnership with the people they are designed to assist review the approach to health promotion communications and social marketing strategies to ensure that they are effectively targeted and implemented to achieve the desired impact for Indigenous Australians, drawing on the expertise and activities of other Commonwealth agencies and coordination forums;… 4
Most Indigenous people live on the Eastern sea-board and in urban centres
The 2011 census recorded a per cent increase on 2006 levels to 548,370 The median age was 21 years, 16 less than the national median age of per cent were aged less than 15 years 6
Indigenous and non-Indigenous age structures 7
The campaign for health equality requires a comprehensive national plan OVERALL TARGET: HEALTH STATUS EQUALITY WITHIN 25 YEARS Targets and benchmarks as appropriate. FOUNDATION TARGET: EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY TO BE HEALTHY WITHIN 10 YEARS Sub-target 1: Equality of access to primary health care within 10 years. Sub-target 2: Equal standard of health infrastructure within 10 years 9
Social Action - CTG
People Movement National Close The Gap Day – 22 March – 800+ events 15
National Health Leadership Forum 16 Co-chaired by Jody Broun, Co-Chair NCAFP and Justin Mohamed, Chair of NACCHO
CTG Steering Committee members Building partnerships Oxfam Australia Australian General Practice Network Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council Australian Human Rights Commission (Secretariat) Australian Medical Association Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation Australian Peak Nursing and Midwifery Forum Bullana - the Poche Centre for Indigenous Health The Fred Hollows Foundation Heart Foundation Australia Menzies School of Health Research Palliative Care Australia Royal Australasian College of Physicians Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Professor Ian Ring, Wollongong University (expert adviser)
Statement of Intent PM Minister of Health and Minister of Indigenous Affairs Opposition Leader Every major Indigenous and non Indigenous peak health and human rights body First and only bipartisan agreement 20 March
Statement of Intent ……commits the Government of Australia, Indigenous Australians, supported by non-Indigenous Australians and non-Indigenous health organisations to work together to achieve equality in health status and life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians by the year To developing a comprehensive, long-term plan of action, that is targeted to need, evidence-based and capable of addressing the existing inequalities in health services, in order to achieve equality … by 2030 To ensure the full participation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their representative bodies in all aspects of addressing their health needs.
Data 23 The latest AIHW publication, Juvenile justice in Australia: and Juvenile justice in Australia : an overview will be publicly released at 1:00AM Friday 10 August 2012 About the report Juvenile justice in Australia: : On an average day in , 2.6 young people aged were under juvenile justice supervision for every 1,000 in Australia. Most young people (86%) were supervised in the community, with the remainder in detention. Indigenous young people aged were 15 times as likely as non-Indigenous young people to be under supervision on an average day: 14 times as likely to be under community-based supervision and 24 times as likely to be in detention.
Percentage of prisoners released in who returned to prison within 2 years Australian Productivity Commission, SCRGSP (2010) Report on Government Services 2009
31 data mapping undertaken by the Australian Social Inclusion Board in May 2010
Two priority areas 32 Very poor investment into and coordination of licensing programs (and relicensing, including payment of fines etc) Uni Sydney working with AstraZeneca, through their Young Health Programme (running globally) to develop, implement and evaluate a community based driver licensing programme for young Aboriginal people in three sites in NSW. The program will coordinate all the necessary services including assistance through the licensing process, through re-licensing (payment of fines, suspensions etc) and also develop road safety materials with young people for their communities. We are also doing other work on driver licensing and road safety in Aboriginal people in a few other studies, including in the NT and SA. Empowerment, Healing and Leadership program Consulting with the Community to develop an innovative and culturally responsive Empowerment, Healing and Leadership program
Queensland Prison Population The 12-month prevalence of mental disorder was 73% among men and 86% among women. This comprised: anxiety disorders (men, 20%; women, 51%); depressive disorders (men, 11%; women, 29%); psychotic disorders (men, 8%; women, 23%) and substance misuse disorders (men, 66%; women, 69%).
NT Indigenous imprisonment rate worst in nation Jano Gibson Posted September 15, 2011 The Northern Territory has recorded the biggest jump in the Indigenous imprisonment rate of any jurisdiction in the nation. …about 1,250 Territorians were in custody in the June quarter, with more than 1,000 of them Indigenous. Indigenous prison rates jump by 52pc Stephen JohnsonMay 5, 2011 Indigenous imprisonment rates have jumped by more than 50 per cent over the past decade. imprisonment rate surged from 1248 for every 100,000 Australian adults in 2000 to 1892 by 2010, marking a 52 per cent increase. now make up 26 per cent of the prison population despite making up just 2.5 per cent of the Australian population.
ACT Justice Reinvestment 37 Discussions have been held with all political parties with the lead party being the ACT Greens A formal roundtable involving the community, stakeholder parties and politicians is in the planning for late 2012
38 SA Roundtable on Justice Reinvestment 9 March 2012 Federal Greens Senator Penny Wright and Adelaide Greens MLC Tammy Franks
39 The Justice Reinvestment Campaign will highlight that in New South Wales Aboriginal young people (who make up just 2.2% of the population) are now 28 times more likely to end up in juvenile detention than non-Aboriginal young people at an annual cost of over $230,000 per young person.
41 The response to the launch of the Campaign has been phenomenal, with strong media interest and many new supporters joining the campaign. Key areas that we have been working on since the launch include: Policy development This is full steam ahead with policy working group meeting weekly. The policy sub committees intention is to present the need for and benefits of JR in NSW based on US experiences, and then to hypothetically model the application of JR within a local community to demonstrate social and economic benefits. On June 12 the policy subcommittee will be holding a half-day policy session at the Aboriginal Legal Service Office. Political engagement strategy Meetings with the NSW Treasurer, The Hon Mike Baird MP and Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, The Hon Victor Dominello MP, have taken place. The working group is teeing up meetings with the NSW Attorney General and the NSW Minister for Families and Communities, Pru Goward. The working groups aim is to present to Ministerial Task Force on Aboriginal Affairs and conduct a forum at Parliament House. The Leader of the Opposition has also contacted the working group and members of the working group will be meeting with him and other opposition members the third week of June. Public engagement strategy The Campaigns website is up and running and supported by our social media strategy. The current focus is building a database of supportive individuals and organisations. At relevant times in the political engagement strategy, we will the database with asking them to take action. Please help build the database by spreading word of the Campaign through your networks and referencing Youth Engagement Subcommittee The Aboriginal young people who participated in the launch and the campaigns video have expressed an interest in remaining involved in the work of the campaign. We are setting up a youth engagement subcommittee to expand Aboriginal young peoples involvement in the campaign and find out what work they are interested in, for example in our website development. We hope that we will be able to find the resources to be able to remunerate them for this work and encourage their sense of ownership of what justice reinvestment for them and their peers in NSW might mean. The Campaign Policy development The policy sub committees intention is to present the need for and benefits of JR in NSW based on US experiences, and then to hypothetically model the application of JR within a local community to demonstrate social and economic benefits. Political engagement strategy The working groups aim is to present to Ministerial Task Force on Aboriginal Affairs and conduct a forum at Parliament House. The Leader of the Opposition has also contacted the working group. Public engagement strategy The Campaigns website is up and running and supported by our social media strategy. Youth Engagement Subcommittee The Aboriginal young people who participated in the launch and the campaigns video have expressed an interest in remaining involved in the work of the campaign. We are setting up a youth engagement subcommittee ……
What will the Ministerial Taskforce on Aboriginal Affairs do? 42 The Ministerial Taskforce on Aboriginal Affairs has been established to produce a new Aboriginal affairs strategy in It will include concrete reforms around the following Terms of Reference: to improve service delivery and accountability in Aboriginal affairs across NSW, with particular consideration of the recommendations of the Auditor General's report on Two Ways Together, and other arising reports; to improve educational outcomes for Aboriginal people in NSW; and to improve employment outcomes for Aboriginal people in NSW. While there are undoubtedly other issues that must be addressed such as juvenile detention rates, health and housing, they will be considered through the strength-based framework of education and employment. We must recognise that effective reform in education and employment will help to reduce many of these problems.
What can I do to achieve equality for all Australians? 43 From self respect comes dignity; from dignity comes hope; and from hope comes resilienceFrom self respect comes dignity; from dignity comes hope; and from hope comes resilience