Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech, Word Order, and Capitalization"— Presentation transcript:
1Parts of Speech, Word Order, and Capitalization Miss Dana Shaaban
2Eight Parts of Speech PRONOUNS NOUNS ADJECTIVES VERBS ADVERBS PREPOSITIONSCONJUNCTIONSINTERJECTIONS
3Part of Speech Function or "job" Example words Example sentences Verbaction or state(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, mustGoogle.com is a web site. I like Google.com.NounThing, person, placepen, dog, work, music, town, Doha, teacher, Mohammad, supermarketThis is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.Adjectivedescribes a nouna/an, the, 11, some, good, big, red, well, interestingMy dog is big. I like big dogs.Adverbdescribes a verb, adjective or adverbquickly, silently, well, badly, very, reallyMy friend runs quickly. When he is very scared, he runs really quickly.Pronounreplaces a nounI, you, he, she, someShaikha is Qatari. She is beautiful.Prepositionlinks a noun to another wordto, at, after, on, butWe went to school on Monday.Conjunctionjoins clauses or sentences or wordsand, but, whenI like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.Interjectionshort exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentenceoh!, ouch!, hi!, wow!Ouch! That hurts!Wow! Look at that sunset!
4IDENTIFY THE PART OF SPEECH 1. Jawaher picked the yellow flower from her garden.a. noun b. verb c. pronoun d. adjective e. adverb f. preposition g. conjunction i. interjection2. He plays basketball very well.3. Yikes! I’m late for class!4. My mother went to the supermarket yesterday.5. Rashid bought his car from London.6. I like watching movies, but I hate scary ones!7. Samar walked slowly to work today.8. The cat plays outside in the garden.
5WORD ORDER ENGLISH WORD ORDER ARABIC WORD ORDER SUBJECT/ VERB/ OBJECT Example:The boy ate the apple.VERB/ SUBJECT/ OBJECTExample: أكل الولد التفاحة
6WORD ORDER SUBJECT VERB OBJECT I play football. Ali reads books. We can speakEnglish.Miss Linais singinga nice song.
7WORD ORDERTimeSubjectVerbObjectPlaceIhavebreakfastin the kitchen.Theyplayhandballin the gymevery Monday.My friendis swimmingin the pool.Every SaturdayPeterwatchesTVat home.Expressions of time can be put at the beginning or the end of a statement.At the end of the sentence: Place before TimeNEVER put Place or Time between Verb and Object
8Word Order PracticeWhich of the sentences below shows correct English word order?a. She speaks well English.b. She speaks English well.2. a. He in the living room sat.b. He sat in the living room.3. a. That is my pen. Give to me it.b. That is my pen. Give it to me.a. You played yesterday very well.b. You played very well yesterday.a. Sometimes I play tennis on Sunday.b. I play sometimes tennis on Sunday.
9CAPITALIZATION RULESCapitalize the first letter of the word at the beginning of each sentence. (Example: Nada went to the supermarket. She bought some food.)Capitalize the personal pronoun “I” (Example: Sara and I are going to the movies today.)Capitalize the first letter of the names of people, streets, countries, cities, and brands (Example: Omar, Al Waab, Qatar, Doha, Adidas/Gucci)Capitalize the first letter of the names of days of the week, months, and holidays (Example: Wednesday, December, Ramadan)Capitalize titles of address like Mr. for mister, Dr. for doctor etc.. (more examples: Mrs./ Ms.)
10More Rules on Capitalization Capitalize the first letter of the names of languages, nationalities, and religions. (Example: Arabic/English, Qatari/American, Islam/Christianity)Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence, even in the middle of a sentence. (Example: My mother always used to say, “Brush your teeth before you go to bed.”)Capitalize family relationships when used instead of proper names. (Example: I went to visit my Uncle Ahmad and Aunt Fatma).In titles (of books or papers), capitalize the first, last, and important words. Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, or conjunctions unless the title begins with them. (Example: War and Peace, The Prophet, Catcher in the Rye)
11Capitalization Exercises Correct the following sentences by capitalizing the words where needed.my next door neighbor, mrs. bishri, has a very large garden.sadly, i dropped my ice cream on the floor before i could eat it.“let’s go to the park,” said majed.did you know lulwa was born on september 12, 1992?my favorite play is julius caesar by willam shakespeare.
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