Presentation on theme: "Figures and numbers Comparing Statistics: basic vocabulary."— Presentation transcript:
Figures and numbers Comparing Statistics: basic vocabulary
Number : a high number - a low number Figures : it is important to give the exact figures of... / a round figure Digit : chiffre a double-digit number A double-digit increase in Rate (literacy rate, birth rate, death rate, drop-out rate) Average : on average... An average 60% of youths attend school regularly Outnumber (=be more numerous than) Girls diagnosed with anorexia outnumber boys. A percentage A threshold: un seuil
Absence of : zero - for temperatures (6 degrees minus zero) - o : in phone numbers ( ) - nought : most common Mind the spelling of 40: forty vs. 14 fourteen (pronounced with a long vowel) 3.4 : three point four (the English point stand for the French coma) 3,250: three thousand two hundred and fifty 387 : three hundred and eighty seven MAIS 3,004 : three thousand and four dates are read in two parts: 1974 (nineteen seventy-four) except for 1600s (in the sixteen hundreds) DATES : December, 23 rd, 1904 « December the twenty third, nineteen o four le début des années 60 : the early sixties / the late 1990s he was in his late fifties - the under twenties
15,300 : fifteen thousand three hundred people PAS DE S DOZEN, MILLION, THOUSAND, HUNDRED sont invariables sauf avant of : dozens of students... la plupart de: most Observe the use of the article: Most people over 80 suffer from memory disorders. Most of the children surveyed reported suffering from minor depression. Lemploi de larticle nest pas lié à la traduction de la dans la plupart mais à la détermination éventuelle du nom en anglais. In most cases, depression does not cause any cognitive impairment. In most of the cases that were reported in this enquiry, the children failed at school.
First, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth... twentieth century Rank (se classer): This car ranks first in speed The first and foremost priority is to free schools of violence. The very first aim of this research is to… First among the researchers priority was the correlation between achievement and income. (to) prioritize / set, determine priorities Draw a list of 21 st : twenty first, 22nd: the twenty-second The hundredth (le centième) For the umpteenth time: la enième fois Names of rulers : Elisabeth the first. Louis the sixteenth Mind the position of LAST/ FIRST / NEXT In the last two decades - the first two chapters
Significant quantities (sizeable amounts of): many / much (u) Many pupils underachieve. Much work and patience is required to succeed. so many /much... that Twice (three times, half…) as many / much as Twice as many black pupils as white ones are punished at school. A LOT OF - LOTS OF – hoards of, loads of Small quantity of: FEW (a few) / LITTLE Very few youths reported being severely bullied. A few were lying. Very little hope is left.
Any semploie dans les phrases négatives, le plus souvent + hardly, barely. There was hardly any problem which remained unexplored. Dans les phrases negatives any peut laisser place à no si lon veut insister sur la négation. There isnt any case in which misbehaviour was not punished. In no case did misbehaviour remain unpunished. Any suppose une indifférenciation: « - Can I have something to eat ? - Yes, of course. What do you want ? - I dont know, anything. »
ALL + pluriel: All the parents reported being worried for their kids well-being. EVERY + sing: Every child requires equal attention. Everyone, everywhere EACH ou EVERY ? Study each sentence separately. I have read every book in the library. Each player has a different T-shirt. I want to visit every country in the world. SOME (positive, yet indeterminate quantity) Someone, somewhere, somehow NO / NONE (of) How many of these theories do you know ? None of them. None of the solutions he found worked out.
ABOUT : approximatively / an estimated three million people... BOTH I saw both of them yesterday. Both pupils and students may suffer from cyber-bullying. He speaks both languages PROPORTION : one third - one quarter 1 personne sur trois : one person out of/ in 3
Depression is twice more frequent among underachievers (than among other pupils). There are twice as many white students as ethnic minority ones in charter schools. Drop-out is much more frequent among low- income family children. The most widespread diseases are ADHD.
INCREASE: skyrocket, rocket up, flare up, rise, be on the rise, go up DECREASE: dwindle, decline, be on the wane, go down, plummet, collapse
Les deux derniers sondages interrogeant environ trois cent cinquante personnes de quarante à soixante ans ont montré qua la fin des années 80, une personne sur dix avait un ordinateur personnel, et quil y avait deux fois plus de moins de 30 ans que de personnes âgées qui savaient se servir dun ordinateur. On estime que deux cent personnes ont participé au raid qui comprenait km et durait environ 15 jours, soit deux fois plus que le premier raid qui avait eu lieu au début du mois de juin, les deux étant ouverts à la plupart des bons marcheurs.