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A TP Blooms Taxonomy A Focus on Higher Level Thinking Skills Jack Truschel East Stroudsburg University Fall 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "A TP Blooms Taxonomy A Focus on Higher Level Thinking Skills Jack Truschel East Stroudsburg University Fall 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 A TP Blooms Taxonomy A Focus on Higher Level Thinking Skills Jack Truschel East Stroudsburg University Fall 2006

2 A TP CHALLENGES Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only to be understood. Marie Curie

3 The A T PBackground In 1956, Benjamin Bloom, a professor at the University of Chicago, shared his famous "Taxonomy of Educational Objectives." Bloom described 3 Domains of Learning Cognitive – how someone processes information Affective – attitude towards the information Psychomotor – demonstrating the information

4 The A T P Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Higher-Level Thinking Skills

5 The A T P In the 1990s, Lorin Anderson, who was a former student of Bloom, revisited the taxonomy to what would be termed as more contemporary terminology.

6 The A T P Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Blooms Taxonomy - Revised Remember Understand Apply Analyze Evaluate Create

7 The A T P Levels of Blooms Taxonomy Level I – Remember Memorizing of information in a basically word- for-word fashion Reciting definitions of terms Remembering lists of items

8 The A T P Levels of Blooms Taxonomy Level II – Understand Understanding the meaning and intent of the material Being able to put into ones own words Rewording a definition Paraphrasing a rule

9 The A T P Levels of Blooms Taxonomy Level III – Apply Applying knowledge to new situations Applying math principles to the solution of a word problem

10 The A T P Levels of Blooms Taxonomy Level IV – Analyze Breakdown of knowledge into parts and show relationship among parts Discovering the assumptions underlying a philosophical essay Identifying key points in a seeming logical argument

11 The A T P Levels of Blooms Taxonomy Level V - Evaluate Bring together parts of knowledge to form a whole; build relationships for new situations Constructing something new by integrating several pieces of information Developing a theory

12 The A T P Levels of Blooms Taxonomy Level VI – Creating Making judgments on basis of criteria Examining the internal and external validity of an experiment Critiquing a theory

13 The A T P Blooming Questions Questioning should be used purposefully to achieve well-defined goals. Bloom's Taxonomy is a classification of thinking organized by level of complexity. It gives learners an opportunity to learn and practice a range of thinking and provides a simple structure for many different kinds of questions and thinking. The taxonomy involves all categories of questions.

14 The A T P Level of Thinking Lower-level questions – questions that require students to answer in the way they learned it. Usually questions at the lower levels are appropriate for Reciting a definition Describing a topic the way that their teacher presented it class Evaluating students preparation and comprehension Diagnosing students strengths and weaknesses Reviewing and/or summarizing content

15 The A T P Level of Thinking Higher-level questions – questions that require students to do something new with the information they have learned Usually questions at the higher levels are appropriate for Consists of applying, synthesizing, or evaluating Encouraging students to think more deeply and critically Problem solving Encouraging discussions Stimulating students to seek information on their own

16 The A T P Remember Recall or recognition of information list name identify show define recognize recall match define classify describe locate outline give examples distinguish opinion from fact

17 The A T P Understanding The ability to understand, translate, paraphrase, interpret or extrapolate material (Predict outcome and effects) paraphrase differentiate demonstrate visualize restate rewrite give examples summarize explain interpret describe compare convert distinguish estimate

18 The A T P Apply The capacity to use information and transfer knowledge from one setting to another (Use learned material in a new situation) apply classify modify put into practice demonstrate compute operate solve illustrate calculate interpret manipulate predict show

19 The A T P Analyze Identifying detail and having the ability to discover and differentiate the component parts of a situation or information contrast compare distinguish categorize outline relate analyze organize deduce choose diagram discriminate

20 The A T P Analyze | Evaluate | Create Ex: There have been a number of studies that indicate tutoring services assist with retention. What are some of the research questions that can support this hypothesis? What factors can be attributed to retention other than tutoring and do these factors interact in a positive or negative manner? Top of Blooms Taxonomy Higher Order Thinking

21 The A T P Evaluate The ability to combine parts to create the big picture discuss plan compare create construct rearrange compose organize design hypothesize support write report combine comply develop

22 The A T P Analyze | Evaluate| Create Ex: Evaluation entails recommending the best manner in assisting students to develop better study skills, based upon all available factors related to a student persisting in college, his or her GPA and motivation to do well in school. Top of Blooms Taxonomy Higher Order Thinking

23 The A T P Create The ability to judge the value or use of information using appropriate criteria (Support judgment with reason) criticize justify debate support your reason conclude assess rate evaluate choose estimate judge defend appraise

24 The A T P Analyze | Evaluate | Create Ex: Answering the aforementioned questions would lead to the review of the currently available research and the preparation of a report on the findings. Top of Blooms Taxonomy Higher Order Thinking

25 The A T P Summary To summarize, Blooms taxonomy is a classification in which there are six learning tasks that vary in degrees of complexity. Remember: He who learns but does not think is lost! (Chinese Proverb)

26 The A T P References Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (Eds.). (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching and assessing: A revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of educational objectives: Complete edition, New York : Longman. Anderson, L.W., & Sosniak, L.A. (Eds.). (1994). Bloom's taxonomy: a forty-year retrospective. Ninety-third yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Pt.2., Chicago, IL., University of Chicago Press.

27 The A T P References Bloom, Benjamin S. & David R. Krathwohl. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals, by a committee of college and university examiners. Handbook 1: Cognitive domain. New York, Longmans. Pohl, M (2000), Learning to Think, Thinking to Learn, (pp. 7-8).


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