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Metrics You can do this!

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meter - length gram - mass liter - capacity Units of the metric system

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Metric Prefixes kilo hecto deka meter deci centi milli 1, Do you see a pattern?

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The order is very important. How can we remember all of this?

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Lets learn a silly saying. (I made it silly to help you remember it.) This saying will help you remember the order of abbreviations in the metric system.

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Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms I told you it was silly! Ready?

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Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms This saying will help you remember the order of abbreviations in the metric system. km hm dam m dm cm mm Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms

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Notice the first letter of the words match the first letter of the metric abbreviations. kmhm damm dm cm mm KissHogs Crus hMotelDontDown At M&M s- largest smallest

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km hm dam m dm cm mm Do you see how the silly saying helps you remember the order of the prefixes? kilo hecto deka meter deci centi milli Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms 1,

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Lets talk about meters now. In the metric system, the meter is the basic unit of length. man = 1.5 meter length of desk = 1 meter Length of classroom = 8 meters

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NameAbbreviationApproximate Comparison kilometerkmLength of 9 football fields metermHalf of the height of a door decimeterdmWidth of a fist centimetercmWidth of your smallest finger millimetermmThickness of a dime

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Write down the abbreviations in order from greatest to least. km hm dam m dm cm mm It is easy to do when you remember the silly saying. Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms

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km hm dam m dm cm mm 1 m = ___ mm Start at m (for meter). Millimeter is 3 places to the right. So all we have to do is move the decimal 3 places to the right. 1

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1 m = ____ mm I have moved the decimal 3 places to the right. There are 3 empty spaces so I need to add 3 zeros ,000 Moving the decimal 3 places to the right is the same thing as multiplying by 1000.

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km hm dam m dm cm mm 1 m = ___ km Start at m (for meter). Kilometer is 3 places to the left. So all we have to do is move the decimal 3 places to the left. 1

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1 m = ____ km I have moved the decimal 3 places to the left. There are 2 empty spaces so I need to add 2 zeros Moving the decimal 3 places to the left is the same thing as dividing by 1000.

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Lets do another problem.

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km hm dam m dm cm mm 15 hm = ___ cm Start at hm (for hectometer). Centimeter is 4 places to the right. So all we have to do is move the decimal 4 places to the right. 1

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15 hm = ____ cm I have moved the decimal 4 places to the right. There are 4 empty spaces so I need to add 4 zeros ,000 Moving the decimal 4 places to the right is the same thing as multiplying by 10, X 10,000= 150,000

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The wonderful thing about the metric system is that everything is based on 10. If you know how to convert length in the metric system, then you also know how to convert mass in the metric system.

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Lets talk about grams now. In the metric system, the basic unit for measuring mass is the gram. Pair of tennis shoes = 1 kilogram paperclip = 1 gram

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The same silly saying will help with mass. (Do you remember the silly saying?) Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms km hm dam m dm cm mm The m stands for meter. We will substitute a g for gram to measure mass. The order doesnt change at all. kg hg dag g dg cg mg

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kg hg dag g dg cg mg 1 g = ___ mg Start at g (for gram). Milligram is 3 places to the right. So all we have to do is move the decimal 3 places to the right. 1

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1 g = ____ mg I have moved the decimal 3 places to the right. There are 3 empty spaces so I need to add 3 zeros ,000 Moving the decimal 3 places to the right is the same thing as multiplying by 1000.

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If you know how to convert length (meter) and mass (gram) in the metric system, then you also know how to convert capacity (Liter) in the metric system.

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Lets talk about liters now. In the metric system, the basic unit for measuring capacity is the liter. 2 liter bottle of pop 1 liter bottle of water

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The same silly saying will help with capacity. (Do you remember the silly saying?) Kiss Hogs Down At Motel - Dont Crush M&Ms km hm dam m dm cm mm The m stands for meter. We will substitute a L for liter to measure capacity. The order doesnt change at all. kL hL daL L dL cL mL

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kL hL daL L dL cL mL 3.6 kL = ___ mL Start at kL (for kiloliter). Milliliter is 6 places to the right. So all we have to do is move the decimal 6 places to the right. 3.6

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3.6 kL = ______ mL I have moved the decimal 6 places to the right. There are 5 empty spaces so I need to add 5 zeros ,600,00 0 Moving the decimal 6 places to the right is the same thing as multiplying by 1,000, X 1,000,000 = 3,600,000 0

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In 12 kilograms there are exactly how many hectograms? 120 hectograms

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To convert 60 kilometers to meters? Multiply 60 by 1,000

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A car traveled 300 kilometers. What is the distance traveled in meters? 300,000 meters

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To convert 24 milliliters to liters, the number of milliliters should be divided by what number? 1,000

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Metrics You can do this!

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