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Mission: Providing Global Leadership and Innovation in Public Sector Real Estate and Outdoor Advertising Control through Information Sharing and Knowledge.

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Presentation on theme: "Mission: Providing Global Leadership and Innovation in Public Sector Real Estate and Outdoor Advertising Control through Information Sharing and Knowledge."— Presentation transcript:


2 Mission: Providing Global Leadership and Innovation in Public Sector Real Estate and Outdoor Advertising Control through Information Sharing and Knowledge Exchange

3 Presenter David Blakeney David Blakeney, SR/WA, R/W-NAC FHWA - Arkansas Division

4 Learning Outcomes Explain what Environmental Justice (EJ) covers Give a brief history of EJ Name two laws associated with EJ Identify EJ Analysis Tools

5 Environmental Justice The term EJ began in the early 1980s in response to demonstration that opposed the location of a PCB landfill in a minority community in Warren County, North Carolina.

6 On February 11, 1994, President William Jefferson Clinton seized the opportunity to promote the fair treatment of all races, incomes and cultures with respect by executing Executive Order Addressing Environmental Justice

7 Legal Basis for the Executive Order Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which prohibits discrimination based on race, color, and national origin (minority) Stafford Act of 1974 which prohibits discrimination in the distribution of benefits based on income (low-income)

8 Black Hispanic Asian American American Indian and Alaskan Native Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islanders Minority and Low Income for Purposes of Title VI and Environmental Justice

9 2011 Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines SOURCE: Federal Register, Vol. 76, No. 13, January 20, 2011, pp

10 Principles of Environmental Justice Ensure involvement of low-income and minority groups in decision making Prevent disproportionately high and adverse impacts of decisions regarding low-income and minority groups Assure low-income and minority groups receive proportionate share of benefits

11 Requirements of Environmental Justice Make a meaningful effort to involve low-income and minority populations in the decision making process established for the use of federal funds Evaluate the nature, extent, and incidence of probable, favorable and adverse human health or environmental impacts of the program or activity upon minority or low-income populations

12 US DOT Environmental Justice Orders April 15, 1997 the U.S. DOT issued its Order to summarize and expand on EJ December 2, 1998 the FHWA issued its Order of Actions requiring implementation of the USDOT April 1997 Order October 1, 1999 the FHWA and FTA issued a memorandum to clarify to Field Offices how to ensure EJ is considered in planning certification reviews

13 Environmental Justice Analysis for Transportation Projects Introduction and Project Description Setting/Affected Environment Impact Analysis and Mitigation Disproportionately High and Adverse Impact Analysis Findings

14 Introduction and Project Description Introduction Legal Regulatory Administrative requirements Project Description Project location Physical components Justification (purpose and need)

15 Setting/Affected Environment Establish a Project Study Area Identify Existing Population Groups Summarize Public Involvement/Community Outreach

16 Impact Analysis and Mitigation Identify Impacts to General Population Minority and Low-Income Populations Measures to Avoid or Minimize Impacts to General Population Assess Efficacy of Mitigation for Minority and Low-Income Conclusion

17 Disproportionately High and Adverse Impact Analysis Adverse impact(s) predominately borne by a minority or low-income population group Adverse impact(s) more severe or greater in magnitude than the adverse impacts to non- minority and/or non-low income population groups

18 Potential Environmental Justice Issue Avoid disproportionately disrupting a minority, low-income n eighborhood.

19 Environmental Justice Awareness Be cognitive of the neighborhood demographics on potential transportation projects involving Federal funds.

20 Environmental Justice and the Acquisition Process Identify the EJ issues Talk with your client, Project Manager, ROW Managers, or environmental staff Determine possible remedies

21 Environmental Justice Decision Tree DOES A MINORITY AND/OR LOW-INCOME POPULATION EXIST? No EJ Issue IMPACT? No Impact YES ADVERSE IMPACT? YES Avoid/Minimize NO


23 Review History and Definition of EJ Laws and Policies Associated with EJ

24 Tips for a Successful Environmental Justice Program Identify the EJ issues as early as possible Notify your client, Project Managers and other key personnel associated with the project Focus on the important issues affecting the community Look for possible solutions

25 Lets try to avoid this!!!!

26 Anne Morris Senior Project Manager Atkins North America June 15, 2011 IRWA Annual Conference


28 7-lane (90 feet wide) urban arterial with painted median 45 mph unenforced posted speed limit 24,000 vehicles average daily traffic Signalized intersections limited and spaced as much as a mile apart Sidewalks sporadic, dirt paths, maintenance iffy 65 MARTA bus stops and other school bus stops Overhead lighting sparse and pedestrian lighting nonexistent







35 DeKalb County proposed a 2-phase streetscape project for Buford Highway Local newspaper articles asked that pedestrian safety issues be addressed GDOT joined DeKalb County and expanded the project to address a comprehensive pedestrian safety project GDOT proposed a continuous raise median design with limited median breaks

36 Local businesses expressed concerns to DeKalb County officicals that reducing left turn opportunities would hurt business DeKalb County officials reserved support of the project until GDOT addressed the business communitys concerns GDOT established a 31-member stakeholder group to provide input GDOT invited Atkins to join the effort

37 People would not open their doors because they were afraid of the Border Patrol People would not come out to meetings because these might be Immigration and Naturalization Service sting operations So we focused on existing relationships

38 Stakeholders included local elected officials, faith-based organizations, transit providers, government agencies, non-profit organizations, advocacy groups, and private companies Stakeholders were surveyed by phone and in person and these revealed concerns about Existing conditions on Buford Highway Recommendations to improve Buford Highway Raise median pros and cons


40 From middle-income to low-income From transportation independent to transportation dependent From big city to rural village street smarts From speaking and reading English to speaking Spanish and reading neither Spanish nor English From first shift workers to first and second shift workers

41 53% - 87% were Hispanics (8% state average) 73%-95% were eligible for Free and Reduced Price Meal programs (46% state average) 49% - 68% were English Language Learners (4% state average)

42 Hispanics (Mexican) Lived on the corridor Attended schools on the corridor Shopped on the corridor Worked on the corridor Owned businesses on the corridor Koreans, Chinese (Cantonese), and Vietnamese Shopped on the corridor Worked on the corridor Owned businesses on the corridor


44 Surveys were conducted at places of business and conducted by interpreters 4 Korean 4 Chinese 4 Vietnamese 5 Hispanic/Anglo Surveys revealed concerns about existing conditions on Buford Highway and raised medians



47 Locations were safe, convenient, and family- friendly environments FHWA did not require any sign-in or personal information Interpreters administered surveys orally Surveys asked these questions What are the needs - more, enough, less (sidewalks, lighting, cross walks, signals, bus shelters, etc.) Where do you go when you cross Buford Highway What is the best way to get information to you concerning the project and future project events

48 Located in the northern end of the corridor Provided tables, chairs, giveaways and 8 bilingual interpreters from 4:00pm – 8:00pm on a Sunday Provided four set-up spaces at mall entrances Resulted in 345 completed surveys



51 Located in the southern end of the corridor Plaza Fiesta provided tables, chairs, giveaways and 4 bilingual interpreters from 2:00pm – 6:00pm on a Sunday Mercado del Pueblo provided a set-up space in the bakery area Resulted in 168 completed surveys



54 Advertised through Hispanic, Korean, Chinese, Vietnamese, and mainstream radio, television and newspapers Korean, Chinese, and Vietnamese interpreters used phone trees to notify groups and individuals Spanish/English flyers were distributed to school students, and to every apartment complex manager, and every business along Buford Highway GDOT hired local ethnic vendors to prepare metal highway signs in each language




















74 Use of the Technique in Right of Way Robert N. Merryman O R Colan Associates

75 handled as an Administrative Settlement, based on new construction cost; approx. 250%; church opted to buy existing. Before After SC DOT

76 The Banana Patch- Honolulu To the extent desired that the community so desires… relocated as a community…where its unique lifestyle can be maintained.

77 Rockford, Illinois 20-year loan; $150,000; deferred payments; 5% forgiven annually; due on sale or abandonment of use; same general area as subject.


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