Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 THE AGE OF REFORM"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 9 THE AGE OF REFORM The American Nation In the Modern Era3/31/2017Chapter 9 THE AGE OF REFORMSection 1: The Progressive MovementSection 2: Reforming the New Industrial OrderSection 3: Reforming SocietyCHAPTER 9--THE AGE OF REFORM
2Objectives: Section 1: The Progressive Movement What were the backgrounds of social reform leaders?What issues concerned progressives?What issues did muckrakers address?How did progressive writers and thinkers view American society?
3Backgrounds of social reform leaders Section 1: The Progressive MovementBackgrounds of social reform leadersnative bornmiddle or upper classusually urbancollege educated
4Progressive issues Section 1: The Progressive Movement reform of industrial practicesend to child laborreform of electoral systemsocial justice
5Muckraker’s issues Section 1: The Progressive Movement business corruptioncorruption in urban politicssocial problems such as slums and child laborracism
6Progressive views Section 1: The Progressive Movement Industrial society exploited the weak.Government should use its powers to promote social welfare.Private citizens bear a social responsibility.
7Objectives: Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order What workplace problems did progressives target?What were the results of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire?What rulings did the Supreme Court make on labor laws?What were the successes and failures of unions in the early 1900s?
8Workplace problems Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order child laborlow wages for womenlong working hoursdangerous working conditionsno minimum wage
9Results of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial OrderResults of the Triangle Shirtwaist Firepublic outragepassage of strict fire-safety code by New York legislature
10Supreme Court rulings on labor laws Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial OrderSupreme Court rulings on labor lawsIn Lochner v. New York, the Court overturned a law limiting work to ten hours a day, stating that workers should be free to accept any working conditions.In Muller v. Oregon, the Court upheld a law limiting women to a ten-hour workday, claiming that women’s physical structure justified special legislation.In general, the Court sided with business owners and overturned much early social legislation.
11Successes and failures of unions Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial OrderSuccesses and failures of unionsincreased membershipgot wage increases and shorter hours in some companiesgot aid from progressive organizationsaccepted women and minorities (IWW)excluded unskilled workers and sometimes promoted racism (AFL)did not get closed-shop status (ILGWU)failed to end capitalism and faded from power (IWW)
12Objectives: Section 3: Reforming Society How did reformers try to improved life in U.S. cities?How did reformers hope to improve moral standards?How did African Americans and American Indians organize to improve their lives?Why were immigrants left out of some progressive reforms, and how did they contribute to other reforms?
13Reformers attempts to improve urban life Section 3: Reforming SocietyReformers attempts to improve urban lifetried rid cities of garbagewanted to provide better housingdesired better public educationwanted improved public healthworked to build playgroundswanted to provide city planning and redesign
14Moral improvements desired by reformers Section 3: Reforming SocietyMoral improvements desired by reformerscrusaded against alcoholdemanded censorship
15American Indians Section 3: Reforming Society formed the Society of American Indians to address problems and publicize accomplishments.
16African Americans Section 3: Reforming Society formed the NAACP to work through the courts for civil rightsformed the Urban League to fight for racial equality
17Immigrants and reform Section 3: Reforming Society often left out because of racism and lack of respect for immigrants’ culturesworked through political machines to establish worker-protection and public-health programsused political machines to obtain playgrounds, public baths, and parks