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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 9 THE AGE OF REFORM Section 1: The Progressive Movement Section 2: Reforming.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 9 THE AGE OF REFORM Section 1: The Progressive Movement Section 2: Reforming."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 9 THE AGE OF REFORM Section 1: The Progressive Movement Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order Section 3: Reforming Society

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: What were the backgrounds of social reform leaders? What were the backgrounds of social reform leaders? What issues concerned progressives? What issues concerned progressives? What issues did muckrakers address? What issues did muckrakers address? How did progressive writers and thinkers view American society? How did progressive writers and thinkers view American society? Section 1: The Progressive Movement

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Backgrounds of social reform leaders native born native born middle or upper class middle or upper class usually urban usually urban college educated college educated Section 1: The Progressive Movement

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Progressive issues reform of industrial practices reform of industrial practices end to child labor end to child labor reform of electoral system reform of electoral system social justice social justice Section 1: The Progressive Movement

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 Muckrakers issues business corruption business corruption corruption in urban politics corruption in urban politics social problems such as slums and child labor social problems such as slums and child labor racism racism Section 1: The Progressive Movement

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Progressive views Industrial society exploited the weak. Industrial society exploited the weak. Government should use its powers to promote social welfare. Government should use its powers to promote social welfare. Private citizens bear a social responsibility. Private citizens bear a social responsibility. Section 1: The Progressive Movement

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Objectives: What workplace problems did progressives target? What workplace problems did progressives target? What were the results of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire? What were the results of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire? What rulings did the Supreme Court make on labor laws? What rulings did the Supreme Court make on labor laws? What were the successes and failures of unions in the early 1900s? What were the successes and failures of unions in the early 1900s? Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 Workplace problems child labor child labor low wages for women low wages for women long working hours long working hours dangerous working conditions dangerous working conditions no minimum wage no minimum wage Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Results of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire public outrage public outrage passage of strict fire-safety code by New York legislature passage of strict fire-safety code by New York legislature Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 Supreme Court rulings on labor laws In Lochner v. New York, the Court overturned a law limiting work to ten hours a day, stating that workers should be free to accept any working conditions. In Lochner v. New York, the Court overturned a law limiting work to ten hours a day, stating that workers should be free to accept any working conditions. In Muller v. Oregon, the Court upheld a law limiting women to a ten-hour workday, claiming that womens physical structure justified special legislation. In Muller v. Oregon, the Court upheld a law limiting women to a ten-hour workday, claiming that womens physical structure justified special legislation. In general, the Court sided with business owners and overturned much early social legislation. In general, the Court sided with business owners and overturned much early social legislation. Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Successes and failures of unions increased membership increased membership got wage increases and shorter hours in some companies got wage increases and shorter hours in some companies got aid from progressive organizations got aid from progressive organizations accepted women and minorities (IWW) accepted women and minorities (IWW) excluded unskilled workers and sometimes promoted racism (AFL) excluded unskilled workers and sometimes promoted racism (AFL) did not get closed-shop status (ILGWU) did not get closed-shop status (ILGWU) failed to end capitalism and faded from power (IWW) failed to end capitalism and faded from power (IWW) Section 2: Reforming the New Industrial Order

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 Objectives: How did reformers try to improved life in U.S. cities? How did reformers try to improved life in U.S. cities? How did reformers hope to improve moral standards? How did reformers hope to improve moral standards? How did African Americans and American Indians organize to improve their lives? How did African Americans and American Indians organize to improve their lives? Why were immigrants left out of some progressive reforms, and how did they contribute to other reforms? Why were immigrants left out of some progressive reforms, and how did they contribute to other reforms? Section 3: Reforming Society

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 Reformers attempts to improve urban life tried rid cities of garbage tried rid cities of garbage wanted to provide better housing wanted to provide better housing desired better public education desired better public education wanted improved public health wanted improved public health worked to build playgrounds worked to build playgrounds wanted to provide city planning and redesign wanted to provide city planning and redesign Section 3: Reforming Society

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 Moral improvements desired by reformers crusaded against alcohol crusaded against alcohol demanded censorship demanded censorship Section 3: Reforming Society

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 American Indians formed the Society of American Indians to address problems and publicize accomplishments. formed the Society of American Indians to address problems and publicize accomplishments. Section 3: Reforming Society

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 African Americans formed the NAACP to work through the courts for civil rights formed the NAACP to work through the courts for civil rights formed the Urban League to fight for racial equality formed the Urban League to fight for racial equality Section 3: Reforming Society

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 17 Immigrants and reform often left out because of racism and lack of respect for immigrants cultures often left out because of racism and lack of respect for immigrants cultures worked through political machines to establish worker-protection and public-health programs worked through political machines to establish worker-protection and public-health programs used political machines to obtain playgrounds, public baths, and parks used political machines to obtain playgrounds, public baths, and parks Section 3: Reforming Society


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