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TRUTH: The Metaphysical Order (a). Part 6 The Secondary Mandate – Teach that Which Transforms Session 6.24 Secondary Task # 2: Teaching that Which Transforms.

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Presentation on theme: "TRUTH: The Metaphysical Order (a). Part 6 The Secondary Mandate – Teach that Which Transforms Session 6.24 Secondary Task # 2: Teaching that Which Transforms."— Presentation transcript:

1 TRUTH: The Metaphysical Order (a)

2 Part 6 The Secondary Mandate – Teach that Which Transforms Session 6.24 Secondary Task # 2: Teaching that Which Transforms – Internal Self- Government Session 6.25 Secondary Task # 2: Teaching that Which Transforms – All That I Have Commanded: Creation Ordinances Session 6.26 TRUTH: The Metaphysical Order (a) Session 6.27 TRUTH: The Metaphysical Order (b)- The Principles of Freedom Session 6.28 GOODNESS: The Moral Order Session 6.29 BEAUTY: The Aesthetic Order

3 The Text Then Jesus came to them and said, All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.

4 Overview of this Secondary Task Teaching that which transforms –Obedience – Internal Self-Government, the key to transformation - All that I have commanded – Jesus is the law-giver – Transcendent Ordinances Metaphysical Laws – TRUTH Moral Laws – GOODNESS Aesthetic Laws – BEAUTY

5 Outline Introduction: Two Wings – Faith and Reason Gods Self-Revelation The Biblical View of Mind – Human Reason The Metaphysical Order The Protestant Ethic Ten Principles of a Free Society

6 Revealing Gods Order- The Principles of Freedom Gods Order Revealed Creation Self-evident Truth Word of God Human Reason Principles of Freedom

7 The Two Wings Faith and Reason

8 The Metaphysical Order Branch of speculation which deals with the first causes of things" Beyond the physical First Principles Fixed Principles Meta-Narrative

9 The Mind Read Matt. 22: 37- 38; 2 Cor. 10: 5; Rom. 12: 2 Question: What do these passages reveal about our mind?

10 Repent Question: What does repentance mean to you?

11 Repent Repent: to sorrow or be pained for sin, as a violation of God's holy law, a dishonor to his character and government Greek –metanoeo to change ones mind, i.e., to repent. to change ones mind for better From: –Meta – with –noeo – to perceive with the mind, to understand, to have understanding

12 Where does freedom come from? Read Psalm 119: 43-48; John 8: 31-32; Acts 17: 11 Questions: –What were the Bereans concerned with? –Where does freedom come from? Freedom is the outcome of the pursuit of truth!

13 The Place of Reason Read Genesis 2: 16-17, 19-20; Is. 1: 18; Acts 17: 2; 18: 4 What do these passages reveal about God and mans nature?

14 Apprehending Gods Self-Revelation WorksWorks ReasonReason WordWord FaithFaith

15 Reason and Revelation REASON NON-REASON REVELATION NO REVELATION Jews Christians (moderate) Muslims Atheism Pagan humanism Muslims (Jihadists) Some Christians Some traditional religions Pagan Animism New Age CHRISTIAN WESTPOST-CHRISTIAN WEST POST-MODERN WEST Focus on life Focus on death

16 Faith and Reason The reason and facts of General Revelation supplement but do not supplant Special Revelation. At times faith transcends the rational, reason, but it is not inconsistent with reason.

17 The Conscience Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, …. Romans 2:14

18 National Obedience … it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey His will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor; George Washington Thanksgiving Day 1789

19 Gods Self-Revelation

20 The Creation Communicates Read Psalm 19: 1-4; 111: 2; Acts 17: 22- 28; Romans 1: 18-20 Questions: –How has God revealed himself? –To whom has he revealed himself? –What has he revealed about himself?

21 Gods Self-Revelation in His Works 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in unrighteousness; 19 because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God manifested it unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse. Romans 1:18-20

22 Self-Evident Truth

23 "God does not play dice with the universe." Albert Einstein Order in the Universe

24 The Biblical View of Mind Human Reason

25 Examples Ginosko - know, recognize, understand Gnosis - knowledge Epignosis - full knowledge, worldview, conscious awareness Gnome - purpose, decision, judgment, advice Gnoridzo - to make known Logikos - reasonable, logical Dokeo - to think Logos - account Nous - mind or understanding Phronimos - wise person

26 Romans 12:1-3... offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God -- this is your spiritual [logikos: reasonable, rational] act of worship [service].... be transformed by the renewing of your mind [nous: the intellect, i.e., the mind]. Then you will be able to test and approve [dokimazo: to test, approve, examine, discern, prove] what Gods will is...... do not think [huperphurneo: to esteem oneself over much, arrogant] of yourself...... more highly than you ought [phroneo: to exercise the mind]...... but rather think [phroneo: to exercise the mind] of yourself...... with sober judgment [sophroneo: to be of sound mind],...... in accordance with the measure of faith [pistis: evidence, moral conviction]* God has given you. * note link of faith and reason

27 The Metaphysical Order

28 Judeo Christian Order* It was the order found in the Bible that is the order of free and just societies. Three major parts to this order: –The Metaphysical Factor (related to the non- material universe) –The Human Factor (related to mankind) –The Creation Factor (related to nature) * For more see Discipling Nations: The Power of Truth to Transform Culture Judeo-Christian Order

29 Ultimate Reality is: –Personal (relational, community) –Ethical (moral, good, just) –Intelligible (rational, reasonable) –Beautiful (glorious, splendorous) The Metaphysical Factor

30 The Human Factor Human life is sacred Mankind is in rebellion All people and nations have equal value All people and nations are unique Work is sacred

31 The Creation Factor Creation is an open system Man has dominion over creation There is progress in the material world Bounty is to be created and stewarded

32 The Protestant Ethic

33 Max Weber 1864-1920 German Social Philosopher

34 Prof. David S. Landes Harvard Professor of Economic History

35 David S. Landes Five Major Points of the Judeo-Christian Ethic

36 The Dignity of Labor! Landes: Judeo- Christian respect for manual labor

37 Judeo-Christian Ethic Man has dominion over nature! Landes: The Judeo-Christian subordination of nature to man. This is a sharp departure from widespread animistic beliefs and practices that saw something of the divine in every tree and stream…

38 Judeo-Christian Ethic History is going somewhere! Landes: The Judeo- Christian sense of linear time. Other societies thought of time as cyclical, returning to earlier stages and starting over again.

39 Judeo-Christian Ethic Man the imago Dei ! Landes: …also a sense of power that would in the long run raise men almost to the level of gods.

40 Judeo-Christian Ethic Man is a free moral agent, a steward of creation! Landes: Enterprise was free …. Innovation worked and paid; rulers and vested interests [in Europe] were limited in their ability to prevent or discourage innovation.

41 Comprehensive – Salvation and Social Transformation Early Church – The Word Became Flesh! The Reformation – Social Transformation of Northern Europe The First Great Awakening –Wesley –Carey - India –Wilberforce - Slavery –Children of Calvins school in America

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