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Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Scrophulariales Family: Scrophulariaceae figworts 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Scrophulariales Family: Scrophulariaceae figworts 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Scrophulariales Family: Scrophulariaceae figworts 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled.

2 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Scrophulariales Family: Scrophulariaceae figworts 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 2. Flowers zygomorphic and 2- lipped; 5-merous. 2. Flowers zygomorphic and 2- lipped; 5-merous.

3 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Scrophulariales Family: Scrophulariaceae figworts 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 2. Flowers zygomorphic and 2- lipped; 5-merous. 2. Flowers zygomorphic and 2- lipped; 5-merous. 3. Stamen 2 or 4 with 1 staminoid 3. Stamen 2 or 4 with 1 staminoid 4. attached to the corolla. 4. attached to the corolla.

4 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Scrophulariales Family: Scrophulariaceae figworts 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 1. Leaves simple; alternate or opposite or whorled. 2. Flowers zygomorphic and 2- lipped; 5-merous. 2. Flowers zygomorphic and 2- lipped; 5-merous. 3. Stamen 2 or 4 with 1 staminoid attached to the corolla. 3. Stamen 2 or 4 with 1 staminoid attached to the corolla. 4. Ovary with 2 locules and 2 carpels; superior. 4. Ovary with 2 locules and 2 carpels; superior. CA5 CO5 A2or4 G2 Penstemon beard tongues Penstemon beard tongues Castilleja paint brushes Castilleja paint brushes Digitalis foxgloves Digitalis foxgloves Linnaria butter & eggs Linnaria butter & eggs

5 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple)

6 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils.

7 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous.

8 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled.

9 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous.

10 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary.

11 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 7. Basal placentation. 7. Basal placentation.

12 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2-lipped); 5-merous. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 7. Basal placentation. 7. Basal placentation. 8. Ovary superior. 8. Ovary superior.

13 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae (Labaitae) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 1. Leaves mainly opposite (whorled or simple) 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 2. Stems square with aromatic oils. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2- lipped); 5-merous. 3. Flowers bisexual:zygomorphic (2- lipped); 5-merous. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 4. Inflorescence axillary or whorled. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 5. Stamens 2 or 4; often didynamous. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 6. Carpels 2; 4 locules; 4 parted ovary. 7. Basal placentation. 7. Basal placentation. 8. Ovary superior. 8. Ovary superior. 9. Fruit 4 nutlets 9. Fruit 4 nutlets Prunella heal-all CA5 CO5 A2or4 G2 Prunella heal-all CA5 CO5 A2or4 G2 Nepeta catnip, Salvia Nepeta catnip, Salvia

14 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 1. Leaves mainly opposite.

15 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 2. Stems often 4-angled.

16 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous.

17 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 4. Stamen mostly 4, didynamous, epipetalous. 4. Stamen mostly 4, didynamous, epipetalous.

18 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 4. Stamen mostly 4, didynamous, epipetalous. 4. Stamen mostly 4, didynamous, epipetalous. 5. Carpels 2; axile placentation; ovary superior. 5. Carpels 2; axile placentation; ovary superior.

19 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 1. Leaves mainly opposite. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 2. Stems often 4-angled. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 3. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual and 5-merous. 4. Stamen mostly 4, didynamous, epipetalous. 4. Stamen mostly 4, didynamous, epipetalous. 5. Carpels 2; axile placentation; ovary superior. 5. Carpels 2; axile placentation; ovary superior. 6. Fruit: a drupe or berry. 6. Fruit: a drupe or berry. Verbena vervain Verbena vervain

20 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs.

21 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 2. Leaves mostly opposite.

22 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 3. Veins curved. 3. Veins curved.

23 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 3. Veins curved. 3. Veins curved. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 4. 5 or 4-merous.

24 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 3. Veins curved. 3. Veins curved. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 5. Stamens alternate with petals. 5. Stamens alternate with petals.

25 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 3. Veins curved. 3. Veins curved. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 5. Stamens alternate with petals. 5. Stamens alternate with petals. 6. Ovary inferior. 6. Ovary inferior.

26 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 1. Trees, shrubs or perennial herbs. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 2. Leaves mostly opposite. 3. Veins curved. 3. Veins curved. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 4. 5 or 4-merous. 5. Stamens alternate with petals. 5. Stamens alternate with petals. 6. Ovary inferior. 6. Ovary inferior. 7. Fruit a drupe or a berry. 7. Fruit a drupe or a berry. Cornus Florida large flowering dogwood Cornus Florida large flowering dogwood Cornus Drummundi rough- leaved dogwood Cornus Drummundi rough- leaved dogwood

27 Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent.

28 Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 2. Flowers actinomorphic.

29 Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 3. Stamens 5-merous; ovary 2 locular. 3. Stamens 5-merous; ovary 2 locular.

30 Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 3. Stamens 5-merous; ovary 2 locular. 3. Stamens 5-merous; ovary 2 locular. 4. Ovaries numerous. 4. Ovaries numerous.

31 Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 1. Leaves alternate; stipules absent. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 2. Flowers actinomorphic. 3. Stamens 5-merous; ovary 2 locular. 3. Stamens 5-merous; ovary 2 locular. 4. Ovaries numerous. 4. Ovaries numerous. 5. Fruit a berry or capsules. 5. Fruit a berry or capsules. CA5 CO5 A5 G2 CA5 CO5 A5 G2 Solanum, horse nettle ….. Solanum, horse nettle ….. Physalis, ground cherry Physalis, ground cherry Datura, Jimson weed Datura, Jimson weed

32 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Convolvulaceae 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 1. Mostly climbing herbs.

33 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Convolvulaceae 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 2. Leaves alternate and simple.

34 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Convolvulaceae 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5- merous; superior. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5- merous; superior.

35 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Convolvulaceae 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5- merous; superior. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5- merous; superior. 4. Flowers twisted in the bud; corolla tube. 4. Flowers twisted in the bud; corolla tube.

36 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Convolvulaceae 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5- merous; superior. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5- merous; superior. 4. Flowers twisted in the bud; corolla tube. 4. Flowers twisted in the bud; corolla tube. 5. 2 carpels 5. 2 carpels

37 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Asteridae Order: Solanales Family: Convolvulaceae 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 1. Mostly climbing herbs. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 2. Leaves alternate and simple. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5-merous; superior. 3. Flowers bisexual; regular; 5-merous; superior. 4. Flowers twisted in the bud; corolla tube. 4. Flowers twisted in the bud; corolla tube. 5. 2 carpels 5. 2 carpels 6. Fruit - capsule, berry or nut. 6. Fruit - capsule, berry or nut. CA5 CO5 A5 G2 Convolvus bindweeds Convolvus bindweeds Ipomoea morning glories Ipomoea morning glories Cuscuta dodder Cuscuta dodder

38 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules.

39 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic.

40 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free.

41 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 4. Compound pistil; carpels usually 5. 4. Compound pistil; carpels usually 5.

42 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 4. Compound pistil; carpels usually 4. Compound pistil; carpels usually 5. Ovary superior. 5. Ovary superior.

43 Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 1. Leaves alternate, simple with stipules. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 2. Flowers bisexual: actinomorphic. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 3. Calyx 3-5; corolla 5 and free. 4. Compound pistil; carpels usually 5. 4. Compound pistil; carpels usually 5. 5. Ovary superior. 5. Ovary superior. 6. Numerous stamen form a column around the pistil. 6. Numerous stamen form a column around the pistil. CA3-5 CO5 Anum G1-num CA3-5 CO5 Anum G1-num Hibiscus, Abutilon velvet leaf, Malva Hibiscus, Abutilon velvet leaf, Malva

44 Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound.

45 Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). Standard, wings, keel Standard, wings, keel

46 Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). Standard, wings, keel Standard, wings, keel 3. Calyx and corolla 5-merous. 3. Calyx and corolla 5-merous.

47 Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). Standard, wings, keel Standard, wings, keel 3. Calyx and corolla 5- merous. 3. Calyx and corolla 5- merous. 4. Stamen 10, diadelphus. 4. Stamen 10, diadelphus.

48 Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). Standard, wings, keel Standard, wings, keel 3. Calyx and corolla 5- merous. 3. Calyx and corolla 5- merous. 4. Stamen 10, diadelphus. 4. Stamen 10, diadelphus. 5. Simple pistil, 1 carpel, 1 locule. 5. Simple pistil, 1 carpel, 1 locule.

49 Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 1. Leaves mostly pinnate compound. 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). 2. Flowers papillinaceous (zygomorphic). Standard, wings, keel Standard, wings, keel 3. Calyx and corolla 5-merous. 3. Calyx and corolla 5-merous. 4. Stamen 10, diadelphus. 4. Stamen 10, diadelphus. 5. Simple pistil, 1 carpel, 1 locule. 5. Simple pistil, 1 carpel, 1 locule. 6. Ovary superior/ Fruit a legume 6. Ovary superior/ Fruit a legume CA5 CO5 A10 or 9+1 G1 Lythyrus sweet pea, Desmodium beggars ticks, Medicago alfalfa Lythyrus sweet pea, Desmodium beggars ticks, Medicago alfalfa

50 Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Gentainaceae 1.Mostly herbs.

51 Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Gentainaceae 1.Mostly herbs. 2.Simple leaves - opposite or whorled; entire.

52 Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Gentainaceae 1.Mostly herbs. 2.Simple leaves - opposite or whorled; entire. 3.Flower perfect; inflorescence cymose or solitary.

53 Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Gentainaceae 1.Mostly herbs. 2.Simple leaves - opposite or whorled; entire. 3.Flower perfect; inflorescence cymose or solitary. 4.Four(five) merous.

54 Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Gentianales Family: Gentainaceae 1.Mostly herbs. 2.Simple leaves - opposite or whorled; entire. 3.Flower perfect; inflorescence cymose or solitary. 4.Four(five) merous. 5.Fruit – mostly a capsule. Gentiana sp.


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