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Birth Order Study Jamie Monzo, Saleha Chaudhry, Ann Kimble, Maria Lim, and Sara Torelli.

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Presentation on theme: "Birth Order Study Jamie Monzo, Saleha Chaudhry, Ann Kimble, Maria Lim, and Sara Torelli."— Presentation transcript:

1 Birth Order Study Jamie Monzo, Saleha Chaudhry, Ann Kimble, Maria Lim, and Sara Torelli

2 Introduction Research has shown that specific characteristics tend to be associated with different birth orders (Hoffman, 1998) Birth order characteristics are oversimplified generalizations applied to a specific group of people (Sherman, 1996)

3 Introduction Continued... Stereotypes have the ability to affect the stereotyped groups performance with subtle priming – This can result in stereotype threat

4 Introduction Continued... Independent Variables 1. Birth Order (natural groups) –First-born –Latter-born 2.Priming –Primed –Not Primed Dependent Variable –Total score on questionnaire

5 Introduction Continued.... Hypothesis: –We hypothesized that there would be no main effect for birth order or priming –We hypothesized that there would be a significant interaction between birth order and priming First-born women who were primed with their birth order position would score significantly higher than unprimed groups and latter-born groups.

6 Introduction Continued... Rationale: Our hypothesis was based upon stereotype threat research which suggests that a prime is necessary in order to invoke the anxiety that accompanies the stereotype (Steele, 1998)

7 Method Participants –125 Mount Holyoke Students between the ages of –We used a 2 (birth order: first-born or latter- born) x 2 (priming: priming or no priming) independent groups design –All participants were exposed to one of four conditions

8 Materials Consent Form Priming Statement Questionnaire with job scenario Birth Order Survey Debriefing Statement

9 Operational Definitions First-Born /Only Child is defined as the oldest child in the family or the only child in the family Latter-Born is defined as a child who is not the first born First-Born Characteristics are words that are associated with first borns/only children

10 Procedure Half the participants were given a priming statement Participants were asked to read the scenario and complete the questionnaire Upon completion of the experiment, the participant was asked to fill out a birth order survey

11 Results DV: Total score on questionnaire Hypothesis: first-born women who were primed with their birth order position would score significantly higher than unprimed groups and latter-born groups We used a 2 (birth order: first-borns or latter-borns) X 2 (prime: priming or no priming) independent groups ANOVA

12 Results Continued....

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14 Results Continued...

15 Discussion Continued.... Our results were inconsistent with past research External validity- sample Reliance on self-assessment as opposed to actual measure of performance Issue with job application scenario Within-family context


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