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1 Exceptional Places, Past and Present National Historic Landmarks U.S. Department of the InteriorNational Park Service.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Exceptional Places, Past and Present National Historic Landmarks U.S. Department of the InteriorNational Park Service."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Exceptional Places, Past and Present National Historic Landmarks U.S. Department of the InteriorNational Park Service

2 2 What are National Historic Landmarks? NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

3 3 Philadelphia Toboggan Co. Carousel #6, CO NHLs can be nBnBuildings nDnDistricts nSnSites nSnStructures nOnObjects NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

4 4 Buildings Yuma Territorial Prison, AZ Vizcaya, FL NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

5 5 Districts Canterbury Shaker Village, NH n Districts are more than the sum of their parts. NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

6 6 Sites NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP n Sometimes sites have no buildings at all. Rock cairn along the Lolo Trail, ID

7 7 Structures Boston Harbor Island Light Station, MA Eads Bridge, MO NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

8 8 Empire State Building, NY Sloss Furnace, AL Some National Historic Landmarks are well known, others are not. NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

9 9 How many are there? How many are there? n Over 2,500 properties have qualified n 20–25 new landmarks are named each year Temple Square, UT NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

10 10 Designation of National Historic Landmarks began in 1960 NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

11 11 What are the criteria for National Historic Landmark designation? NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

12 12 Oregon Trail, South Pass, WY Association with events... n Locations where nationally significant historical events occurred NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

13 13 NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP n Events may represent any time period. Brandywine Battlefield, a Revolutionary War site, PA

14 14 Jazz musician John Coltranes house, PA Association with people... n Places where prominent Americans lived or worked NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

15 15 Thomas Jeffersons Poplar Forest, VA Henry Thoreaus Walden Pond, MA NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

16 16 Brown Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Selma, AL Association with ideals... n Places that represent ideals that shaped the nation NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

17 17 Outstanding architecture or design n Outstanding examples of design or construction 4 Unusual construction 4 Superb craftsmanship 4 Design innovation Alden Dow home and architectural studio, MI NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

18 18 Hotel Del Coronado, CA Charlestons Market Hall, SC NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

19 19 Characterizing a way of life... Shakertown at Pleasant Hill, KY NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

20 20 Abo Mission, NM Ability to yield information... n Mostly archeological sites NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

21 21 Wailua Complex of Heiaus, HI Kijik Archeological District, AK NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

22 22 How does a property become a National Historic Landmark? How does a property become a National Historic Landmark? n For designation information, visit the NHL web site Bear Butte, SD NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

23 23 Who owns National Historic Landmarks? Who owns National Historic Landmarks? n More than half are owned privately n Others are owned by institutions or government n Many are supported by friends groups Laurel Hill Cemetery, PA NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

24 24 How do owners benefit from designation? NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

25 25 Owners receive... n Honorary recognition n Funding information n Technical assistance Wynnewood, TN NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

26 26 Honorary recognition n A bronze plaque is available upon request Columbus Landing Site, USVI NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

27 27 Financial assistance n NHLs get funding priority in some cases 4 Kennecott Mines received a federal Save Americas Treasures grant Kennecott Mines, AK NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

28 28 Networking opportunities n National Park Service newsletter NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

29 29 A Stewards Association offers... n Networking with NHL peers, outreach, advocacy, education NHL Stewards visit West Point, NY, in 1998 NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

30 30 Information and public education n Comprehensive web site n Technical assistance n Report to Congress NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

31 31 What threatens National Historic Landmarks today? NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

32 32 Threats include... n Deterioration n Incompatible new construction n Damaging uses n Erosion n Vandalism and looting n Demolition NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

33 33 New Almaden General Store, CA n Deterioration tops the list NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

34 34 Web Site: n Funding sources n Landmarks database n Virtual visits n Training information n Online publications Old State Capitol, IA NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

35 35 National Park Service support offices and parks offer n Localized assistance 4 Technical support 4 Conferences and workshops 4 Survey and nomination help NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

36 36 The public also benefits n Some NHLs are open to the public n Tourism boosts local economies n The public better understands our American heritage Mission Concepcion, TX NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

37 37 For more information contact the National Park Service For more information contact the National Park Service This program has been made possible, in part, with special funding by the National Park Service through its Cultural Resources Training Initiative.

38 38 Exceptional Places, Past and Present National Historic Landmarks U.S. Department of the InteriorNational Park Service


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