Presentation on theme: "International Workshop on Usability and Biometrics: NIST Welcome"— Presentation transcript:
1 International Workshop on Usability and Biometrics: NIST Welcome Martin Herman, Ph.D.Chief, Information Access DivisionIntroductionManager of the Image Group within the Information Access Division at NISTMany of you have no doubt become accustom to Mike McCabe coming from NIST to give an annual update on the progress of the ANSI/NIST Standard.Well after 41 years of Federal service, Mike retired at the end of September.Some of you may know Elaine Newton who has been delegated Mike’s responsibilities.Elaine regrets having a prior commitment and not being able to be here to give this presentation in person.So that means you are stuck with me!I come with the customary update on the ANSI/NIST Standard, but Glen McNeil also asked that I provide some information on some of our biometric testing – specifically MINEX and Latent.But before I dive into these topics, I thought it would be good to start off with sharing a little bit about who is NIST, what do we do, and why are we relevant to you, the users of AFIS technology
2 Purpose of Workshop – identify gaps and opportunities for further research and standards in biometric usabilityNIST’s Information Access Division is a co-host
3 Usability and Biometrics NIST IAD has a history of biometrics research going back decadesNIST IAD has a history of usability research since the mid 1990’sRecognized that usability could enhance performance of biometric systems (e.g., system throughput; biometric sample quality)
4 NIST biometrics work focuses on Needs of industry, government, and academia in R&D for enhancing biometric technologiesNeeds from USA Patriot Act and Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform ActNIST works very closely with DHS and supports US-VISIT (entry/exit system for foreign visitors)Needs for law enforcement & Intelligence CommunityNIST works very closely with the FBIIntegrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) – largest biometrics database in the world; Next Generation Identification (NGI)NIST works closely with National Institute of Justice on DNANIST works closely with the R&D components of the Intelligence CommunityNeeds for Homeland Security Presidential Directive-12Personal Identity Verification (PIV) ID card for federal employees and contractorsNeeds defined by White House National Science & Technology Council (NSTC) Subcommittee on Biometrics and Identity Management“National Biometrics Challenge”
5 What NIST does in biometrics Standards DevelopmentWork with others to accelerate the development of consensus-based standards which are closely coupled to the stated needs of private industryDevelopment of test and evaluation methodsDevelop metrics, testing design, evaluation methodology, performance & conformance testing, data collection and formattingPerform tests and evaluationsOn both research systems and vendor productsDevelop and transfer technology
7 NIST biometric standards activities NIST StandardsANSI/NIST ITL Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Other Biometric Information – used in law enforcement and interagency biometric data exchangeNIST Special Publication Biometric Specification for Personal Identity Verification – as part of FIPS for PIV cardsAmerican National StandardsInternational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS)International StandardsInternational Organization for Standardization/International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC)
8 Finger Projects [ELFT] Evaluation of Latent Fingerprint Technologies Evaluate and advance latent fingerprint matching technologiesFast Fingerprint Capture EvaluationDevelop methods and standards for evaluating next generation fingerprint acquisition systems; e.g. contactless and 3D[MINEX] Minutia Exchange TestsMINEX04 -- Interoperability of INCITS 378 fingerprint templateOngoing MINEX -- Supports compliance for Personal Identity Verification (PIV) programMINEXII -- Fingerprint template interoperability with Match-on-Card technologies[PFT] Proprietary Fingerprint Template TestingSDK fingerprint matcher tests[SlapSeg] Slap Segmentation TestsEvaluate the performance of slap fingerprint segmentors
9 [FRVG] Face Recognition Grand Challenge Face Projects[FRVG] Face Recognition Grand ChallengeAdvance state of the possible with face recognition[FRVT] Face Recognition Vendor TestsEvaluate state of the possible with face recognitionEvaluation of Face for US-VISIT
10 [ICE] Iris Challenge Evaluation Iris Projects[ICE] Iris Challenge EvaluationEvaluate the accuracy of iris matching technologies[IREX08] Iris Exchange TestStudy and compare accuracy and interoperability as related to iris compression levels and alternative image formatsEvaluation of Iris for US-VISIT
11 Speaker Recognition Tests Voice ProjectsSpeaker Recognition TestsEvaluation of speaker identification technologiesVoice BiometricsDevelop methods for standardized voice enrollment followed later by 1-to-many speaker identification
12 DNA ProjectsDevelop standards and methods for processing and matching DNA
13 Multiple BiometricsLarge-Scale USG Systems (e.g. FBI IAFIS/NGI & DHS US-VISIT)Conduct benchmarking & performance evaluationsDevelop and evaluate next generation biometric capabilities & integration of standardsEvaluate system interoperability[MBARK] Multimodal Biometric Application Resource KitDevelop client-side technologies and standards for multimodal biometric acquisition[MBGC] Multiple Biometric Grand ChallengeEvaluate performance with multimodal use of face and irisQualityDevelop standards and methods for evaluating and utilizing biometric sample quality
14 Recent NIST IAD usability research Usability engineeringIndustry Usability Reporting (IUSR) ProjectGoal: Develop family of usability standards to support reporting on the usability lifecycle process. This includes requirements, formative, and summative testingCommon Industry Format (CIF) for Usability: Approved by ISO SC7-SC4: Software Product Quality Requirements and Evaluation (SQuaRE) - Common Industry Format (CIF) for Usability – General Framework for Usability-related InformationInteractive Intelligent SystemsToday’s computing power resides with end users (as opposed to central computing facilities). Novel interfaces (e.g. virtual environments and wearable devices) and novel interactions (e.g. haptic devices, touch screens, speech) require novel evaluation methods and new metrics for measuring system effectivenessEvaluation includes principles of usability (efficiency, effectiveness, user satisfaction), but also whether novel technologies actually provide utility to the end user.Applied interactive system utility measurements against some hard problems in both the intelligence community (IC) and the military (DARPA).Usability and Accessibility for Voting SystemsToday’s voting systems have poor usability and accessibility. NIST was called upon in the HAVA Act to provide technical assistance to develop standards and test methods to improve voting system usability and accessibility.
15 History of NIST IAD Usability and Biometrics 2004: began researching usability and biometrics;worked with MBARK interface design and testing2005: funding from DHS S&T;habituation study – differences in male/female and age relationships to quality;height study2006: health and safety user perceptions;a taxonomy of definitions;usability process view of biometric capture process;10-print timing study2006: National Biometric Challenge Document: call for “biometric sensors that are easy to use” and "biometric systems that have intuitive interfaces for the operators and end users.”2007: accessibility;symbols study;height-angle study;Biometrics Consortium Conference special session on Usability and Biometrics2008: submissions to ISO on symbols;phase 2 of symbols – face and iris symbols;face templates study
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