Presentation on theme: "Historical Designers The Early Socialites: Elsie de Wolfe Dorothy Draper Syrie Maugham Eleanor McMillan Brown Sister Parish Ruby Ross Wood Billy Baldwin."— Presentation transcript:
Historical Designers The Early Socialites: Elsie de Wolfe Dorothy Draper Syrie Maugham Eleanor McMillan Brown Sister Parish Ruby Ross Wood Billy Baldwin
Elsie De Wolfe First to create the occupation of interior decorating Considered the first lady of interior decoration Moved away from the Victorian design
Elsie de Wolfe
Dorothy Draper First successful commercial designer Hotel projects and public spaces Total design including china, furniture down to the match books Her ornate style of eye- popping colors and oversize prints, lost popularity in the 1950s
Metropolitan Museum Café, 1950s
Draper Furniture by Kindel
Eleanor McMillan Brown Started the first full service design firm in 1924 called McMillan, Inc. in NYC. The company created many great designers like Albert Hadley, David Hicks and Billy Baldwin The company is still in business today.
Sister Parish First decorator to decorate the Kennedy White House Co-founder of Parrish- Hadley Assoc Known for painted furniture, quilts and a lived-in look.
Ruby Ross Wood Career started as a reporter and a writer on interior decorating Was the ghostwriter or Elsie de Wolfes A House in Good Taste. Credited for creating the first department store decorating firm. She was a longtime employer of Billy Baldwin.
Billy Baldwin Began working for Ruby Ross Wood in 1935 and took it over in First to use brown with panache Known for glossy brown walls
19 th and Early 20 th Century William Morris Charles Rennie Mackintosh Gustav Stickley Frank Lloyd Wright
One of the most influential designers of the last 150 years Painter, typography, wallpaper, carpets and stained glass Pioneer of the Arts and Crafts Movement
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Scottish Architect and designer Attended and designed the Glasgow School of Art His work was light, elegant and original Known for furniture, particularly those with tall, straight backs.
Hill House - Mackintosh
Gustav Stickley ( ) American craftsman and business owner A major force behind the Arts and Crafts Movement in America Designed furniture that was simple with exposed joinery made from oak. Stressed handmade furniture over machine made. His designs were referred to as Mission or Craftsman
The Craftsman Home Designed for the middle class A lot of wood with built-ins using available materials Form follows function Light fixtures and hardware related to overall design.
Frank Lloyd Wright ( ) American Architect Founded Taliesin Fellowship in 1932 (Wisconsin and Arizona ) Leader in the style known as Prairie Style
Wright Style Created the open floor plan Used corner windows Used natural materials and designed for a feeling of being one with nature Used low pitch roofs (no attics or basements) with a horizontal feel Always used a fireplace – heart of the home Designed furniture with lots of built-ins
Famous Works by Wright
Johnson Wax Building
Wright Furniture and Interiors
Modern (International Style) Designers Mies Van der Rohe Le Corbusier Philip Johnson Marcel Breuer Charles and Ray Eames
Mies Van der Rohe (1886 – 1969) German Architect Last Director of Bauhaus School of Design in Germany Started the movement of the International Style (use of glass and steel) Famous quote: Less is more Developed the first cantilever chair Famous chair: Barcelona Chair dating to 1929
Mies Van der Rohe Farnsworth House in the late 1940s International style use of steel and glass
Le Corbusier (1887 – 1965) French Architect Worked in the International Style Used a lot of concrete, class and steel with lots of open spaces
Le Corbusier Furniture Chaise Lounge, 1927 Grande Comfort, 1929 Basculant Chair, 1929
Le Corbusier Villa Savoye, , France Machine for Living International Style
Philip Johnson ( ) American Architect known for his International Style Pupil of Mies Van der Rohe Best known for his the Glass House
The Glass House
Marcel Breuer (1902 – 1981) Hungarian born architect, furniture designer and teacher. Trained under Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus School of Design Invented the first tubular steel frame used in furniture. Known for his tubular steel chair, Wassily.
Charles and Ray Eames American architect/furniture designer. Known for tubular steel and molded plywood chair called the Potato Chip chair. His furniture is still produced by Herman Miller.
Charles and Ray Eames
Current Designers Michael Graves Frank Gehry Mario Buatta Leading Firms
Michael Graves (1934 – Present) American Born Architect Most noted works are the Swan and Dolphin Hotels in Walt Disney World, Orlando, FL. Has designed over 200 houseware items for Target and also designs for Kohler
Frank Gehry (1929 – present) American Architect born in Toronto Canada Deconstruction style Uses titanium as a building material Best known structure is the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao Spain. Know for making furniture out of cardboard Furniture is manufactured by Knoll.
Frank Gehry Power Play chair Wiggle Chair
Mario Buatta (1935 – present) American Interior Designer Prince of Chintz He refers to his style as the undecorated look English Country look Famous clients: Barbara Walters, Billy Joel, Mariah Carey, and Malcolm Forbes
Leading Architectural Firms HOK Gensler Perkins and Will RTKL
HOK Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum (HOK) one of the worlds largest American architectural/interior design firms. They are best know for their designs of sports stadiums. Founded in 1955, it now employs over 1800 employees in over 25 locations worldwide
Gensler Assoc. American architectural firms with office in 41 locations across the world Founded in 1965, they now employ over 3,000 Most recognized firm internationally and known as a leader in Green Design. Studio 585 : branding, signage/wayfinding/ web design (total package)
Perkins and Will Established in 1935 Internationally recognized A leader in Healthcare and Higher Education Designed Haworth Showroom in Chicago Merchandise Mart
RTKL An international firm Specializes in Architecture / Interior Design Urban Planning Branding Environmental Graphic Design Sustainable Design