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1 JEWISH LIVE IN THE COUNTY OF HUENFELD By Elisabeth Sternberg-Siebert.

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Presentation on theme: "1 JEWISH LIVE IN THE COUNTY OF HUENFELD By Elisabeth Sternberg-Siebert."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 JEWISH LIVE IN THE COUNTY OF HUENFELD By Elisabeth Sternberg-Siebert

2 2 Historical monument - the Jewish cemetery in Burghaun, joint cemetery for the Jews of the county of Huenfeld since 1690

3 3 Jewish congregations within 12 townships of the former county of Huenfeld (demonstrable 1553 – 1942).

4 4 Jewish inhabitants within total population (1822 – 1910)

5 5 Jewish inhabitants in the county of Huenfeld 1830 - 1942

6 6 Livestock dealer Mendel Braunschweiger in Burghaun, in the back his wife Erna

7 7 INFORMATIONS REGARDING THE JEWISH HISTORY OF BURGHAUN INFORMATIONS REGARDING THE JEWISH HISTORY OF BURGHAUN Symbol of Burghaun: The two churches next to each other

8 8 Total view from Burghaun before 1938 On the left next toboth churches youcan clearly see thesynagogue in thebackground

9 9 Julius Braunschweiger 1915 as soldier in WW1

10 10 Advertisements in the local newspaper 1881 - 1926

11 11 The new Synagogue of Burghaun located in the 'Ringstraße (photo: Mr. H.J. Ruppel)

12 12 Postcard of the new Burghaun Synagogue, the most beutiful of the rural Synagogues far and between, erected 1910.

13 13 The Jewish school in the 'Ringstraße - The classroom was on the halftimbered side, whereas the teachery was on the right side of the building. Every year somestorks favouredthe roof of theSynagogue as aresting place ontheir migrationto the south.

14 14 The Jewish athletic club, summer of 1933 in front of the synagogue

15 15 The synagogue from the back in summer 1938 with storks resting on the roof top

16 16 CRYSTAL NIGHT

17 17 Result of Crystal Night in Burghaun !

18 18 After Crystal Night nothing was like before, life changed totally!

19 19 1. Deportation of Burghaun Jews on December 8, 1941 to the Riga ghetto 3. Deportation of Burghaun Jews September 5, 1942 to the Theresienstadt ghetto 2. Deportation of Burghaun Jews on May 30, 1942 to the KZ Majdanek

20 20 Signs of remembrance in Burghaun: - Memorial at the Jewish cemetery, erected by survivers about 1968 - Memorial plaque, put up in the castle yard in 1994 - Stolpersteine in commemoration of 50 Nazi victims, installed 2011/2012

21 21 INFORMATIONS REGARDING THE JEWISH HISTORY OF ROTHENKIRCHEN HOME OF THE NUSSBAUM FAMILY INFORMATIONS REGARDING THE JEWISH HISTORY OF ROTHENKIRCHEN HOME OF THE NUSSBAUM FAMILY Symbol of Rothenkirchen: The Markus chapel

22 22 View of Rothenkirchen about 1920

23 23 Historical postcard of Rothenkirchen, in the middle the former Synagogue in the Brunnenstraße

24 24 2012 The former synagogue 2012 The Synagogue The Synagogue after it had been sold about 1907 to the Kehres family ( food store). At the top of the front there was a beautiful Magen David in the round window.

25 25 One of the most famous Jewish families in Rothenkirchen were the Nußbaums – since 1760. Record of 1852

26 26 The Wallach family in Witzenhausen Louis Amalia Flora Frieda Fanny Markus

27 27 Meier Nußbaum Mendel *1781 Jette Klebe*1784 Salomon *1817 Röschen Hahn *1825 +Witzenhausen Fanny 1853 - 1941 IsaacAronJakob Fanny Markus Wallach, Witzenhausen Amalia Walter Greenbaum Harriet Brody Judith Lewis Flora Louis Erika Keness Yoram Keness Gil Keness Frieda Mr. Loeb Monica Gwon

28 28 Tracks of the Nußbaum family in Rothenkirchen List of fortune 1851 – 5 ) Salomon Nußbaum.. ist arm

29 29 Nußbaum graves at the Jewish cemetery in Burghaun Mendel Nußbaum 1781 - 1827 Mendels wife Jette geb. Klebe 1784 -1862

30 30 Salomon Nußbaum 1817 - 1886 Adelheid Nußbaum Salomons daughter 1858 -1875 Hanna Strauß geb. Nußbaum, Salomons sister 1818 - 1860

31 31 House Nußbaum in former times (Rothenkirchen Nr. 10 – photo: Herbert Jakob) House Nußbaum nowadays (Eisfeldstraße 3)

32 32 Former house of the Salomon Nußbaum family in Eisfeldstraße 3 Hidden by the hedge: Hausstein with the year 1791 when the house was built

33 33 The End Parts of the translation I owe to my brother Martin Siebert


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