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Then/Now I CAN solve and estimate solutions to equations by graphing. Note Card 3-2A Define Linear Functions, Parent Function, Family of Graphs, Root, and Zeros. Note Card 3-2B Copy the Key Concept (Linear Function). Class Opener and Learning Target

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Linear Function Definitions 3-2A Linear Function – a function with a graph of a line. Parent Function – the simplest linear function f(x) = x of a family of linear functions. Family of Graphs – a group of graphs with one or more similar characteristics. Root - solution – any value that makes an equation true. The root of an equation is the value of the x-intercept. Zeros – values of x for which f(x) = 0. The zero is located at the x-intercept of a function.

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Concept Linear Function 3-2B

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Example 1 A Solve an Equation with One Root A. Answer: The solution is –6. Subtract 3 from each side. Original equation Multiply each side by 2. Solve. Method 1 Solve algebraically.

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Example 1 B Solve an Equation with One Root B. Find the related function. Set the equation equal to 0. Method 2Solve by graphing. Original equation Simplify. Subtract 2 from each side.

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Example 1 B Solve an Equation with One Root Answer: So, the solution is –3. The graph intersects the x-axis at –3. The related function is To graph the function, make a table.

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A.A B.B C.C D.D Example 1 CYPA A.x = –4 B.x = –9 C.x = 4 D.x = 9

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A.A B.B C.C D.D Example 1 CYP B A.x = 4;B.x = –4; C.x = –3;D.x = 3;

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Example 2 A Solve an Equation with No Solution A. Solve 2x + 5 = 2x + 3. Answer: Since f(x) is always equal to 2, this function has no solution. 2x + 2 = 2xSubtract 3 from each side. 2x + 5 = 2x + 3Original equation 2 = 0Subtract 2x from each side. The related function is f(x) = 2. The root of the linear equation is the value of x when f(x) = 0. Method 1 Solve algebraically.

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Example 2 Solve an Equation with No Solution B. Solve 5x – 7 = 5x + 2. Answer: Therefore, there is no solution. 5x – 9 = 5xSubtract 2 from each side. 5x – 7 = 5x + 2Original equation –9 = 0Subtract 5x from each side. Graph the related function which is f(x) = –9. The graph of the line does not intersect the x-axis. Method 2 Solve graphically.

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A.A B.B C.C D.D Example 2 CYP A A.x = 0 B.x = 1 C.x = –1 D.no solution A. Solve –3x + 6 = 7 – 3x algebraically.

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A.A B.B C.C D.D Example 2 CYP B B. Solve 4 – 6x = – 6x + 3 by graphing. A.x = –1B.x = 1 C.x = 1D.no solution

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Example 3 Estimate by Graphing FUNDRAISING Kendras class is selling greeting cards to raise money for new soccer equipment. They paid $115 for the cards, and they are selling each card for $1.75. The function y = 1.75x – 115 represents their profit y for selling x greeting cards. Find the zero of this function. Describe what this value means in this context. The graph appears to intersect the x-axis at about 65. Next, solve algebraically to check. Make a table of values.

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Example 3 Estimate by Graphing Answer: The zero function is about Since part of a greeting card cannot be sold, they must sell 66 greeting cards to make a profit. 0 = 1.75x – 115Related function y = 1.75x – 115Original equation 115 = 1.75xAdd 115 to each side xDivide each side by 1.75.

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A.A B.B C.C D.D Example 3 A. 3; Raphael will arrive at his friends house in 3 hours. B.Raphael will arrive at his friends house in 3 hours 20 minutes. C.Raphael will arrive at his friends house in 3 hours 30 minutes. D. 4; Raphael will arrive at his friends house in 4 hours. TRAVEL On a trip to his friends house, Raphaels average speed was 45 miles per hour. The distance that Raphael is from his friends house at a certain moment in the trip can be represented by d = 150 – 45t, where d represents the distance in miles and t is the time in hours. Find the zero of this function. Describe what this value means in this context.

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