2 Canada’s System of Government Federal StateParliamentary DemocracyConstitutional Monarchy
3 The beginnings First Elected Assemblies: Map of Canada in 1867 Nova Scotia – 1758PEI – 1773New Brunswick – 1785Quebec – 1793British North America Act or Constitution Act – 1867Constitution Act; Charter of Rights and Freedoms – 1982Map of Canada in 1867Canada, 201324315Canada, 18671: Nova Scotia; 2: PEI3: New Brunswick4: Quebec ; 5: Ontario
4 Parliamentary Democracy Queen Elizabeth IIRepresented in Canada by the Governor General David JohnstonExecutiveBranchSenate105 Senators appointed on the Prime Minister’s recommendation. Serve until retirement or age 75. Cannot be fired.LegislativeBranchPrime MinisterStephen Harperand Cabinet (36 Ministries)House of Commons308 members elected by Canadian citizens every 4 years, no term limits if re-elected. Includes government and opposition members
5 Supreme Court of Canada Judiciary BranchSupreme Court of CanadaNine judges appointed by the Governor GeneralFederal Court of AppealProvincial Courts of AppealProvincial & Territorial Superior CourtsTax Court of CanadaFederal Court of CanadaProvincial Courts
6 The 3 Branches of Canada’s Government QueenExecutiveBranchSenateLegislativeBranchPrime Ministerand Cabinet (36 Ministries)House of CommonsJudicial BranchSupreme Court of CanadaFederal CourtProvincial CourtsHow do the 3 branches of government relate to each other?
7 The House of Commons Number of Members of Parliament per Province and Territory
8 Do you know who is your MP? Murray RankinCaucus: NDPConstituency: VictoriaRandall GarrisonCaucus: NDPConstituency: Esquimalt-Juan de FucaRandall GarrisonFederal Political ExperienceCaucus:*NDPConstituency:Esquimalt—Juan de FucaElizabeth MayCaucus: Green PartyConstituency: Saanich-Gulf Islands
10 Constitutional Monarchy The QueenTheLieutenantGovernorsThe Governor General“Does it Work?”
11 Legislative Assembly of British Columbia BC MLA Seats per PartyPartybefore electionsafter electionsLiberal4550NDP3633Independent41GreenConservativeTotal85
12 Legislative Assembly of British Columbia New MLAs in Greater VictoriaNameCaucusConstituencyMaureen KaragianisNDPEsquimalt-Royal RoadsAndrew WeaverGreenOak Bay-Gordon HeadGary HolmanSaanich North & Gulf IslandsLana PophanSaanich SouthCarol JamesVictoria-Beacon HillRob FlemingVictoria-Swan Lake
13 BC’s Political Landscape Social LiberalismGREENNDPLIBEconomic LeftEconomic RightCONSocial ConservatismSource: adapted from Vote Compass
14 How does Canada’s System of Government Affects me?
15 How Canadians Govern Themselves Thank you!How Canadians Govern ThemselvesMay 15th, 2013