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3 Our Lowry family of Oklahoma City is descended from the three daughters of Dr Tom Lowry and Ethel Maud Smith: – Lou Lowry (King) – Liz Lowry (Brown) – Jean Lowry (Abney)


5 The Lowry name comes from Adam Lowry (born 1765 in Londonderry, Ireland, died 1826 in Ripley, Ohio) Adam was the great-great-grandfather of Tom Lowry When he immigrated to America is uncertain He married Julia Montgomery Doak in 1795 in Washington, TN The Doak family, a prominent family during the American Revolution, ties the Lowry family to the prominent Montgomery-Houston clans from Scotland The lineage of the Lowrys in Ireland is unknown, but most likely they were descended from the Clan Lauren in Scotland

6 JEAN GILLFILLAN LOWRY Also notable among the Lowrys is Adams sister, Jean Gillfillan Lowry (born 1795), Tom Lowrys great grand aunt She married Rev John Rankin. Their house in Ripley, OH, on the Ohio River across from Kentucky, was a safe house in the Underground Railway, helping escaped slaves from Kentucky find passage to Canada Her house was visited by Harriet Beecher Stowe, who witnessed the passage of Eliza, an escaped slave, and her five children into the safe house while men with guns and dogs hunted for them on the other side of the river From that experience Harriet wrote Uncle Toms Cabin, although the book does not tell the story of Eliza and her children The Rankin House in Ripley has been restored and is open to the public

7 REV SAMUEL GARDINER LOWRY The son of Adam and Julia Doak Lowry, great-grandfather of Tom Lowry He preached for several years in Lewis County, KY He moved to New Richmond, Clermont County, OH in 1823 In 1825 he moved to Decatur County, IN In 1835 he moved to Crawfordsville, the location of Wabash College On April 1, 1829, Rev Samuel G Lowry was appointed to the board of the Hanover Academy (Hanover College in Indiana). The history of Moscow Township, MN Lists Samuel G Lowry as one of several pioneers arriving in The city directory for Minneapolis, MN shows Samuel G Lowry living on Vine Place between 15th and Oak Married to Almira Thomas in 1820 at the Concord Church in in Carlyle, KY Almiras family was Scots-Irish, going back to Adam Scott, born 1731 in Falkirk, Scotland

8 SAMUEL DOAK LOWRY ?? Son of Samuel Gardiner Lowry and Almira Thompson, grandfather of Tom Lowry Born in Putnam, Indiana Prof Lowry was at Cane Hill College in Benton, AR from 1852 until 1860 Eventually moved to Texas, where he taught at Trinity College Died in Rockwall, TX Married Emma Jane Mabley (nothing is known of her family)

9 DAVID P LOWRY Son of Samuel Doak Lowry and Emma Jane Mabley Born in Texas, married Eva Richey, an Abernathy descendant 1870 census shows David P Lowry living in district 84 west, Limestone, TX 1900 census shows him in Waco, TX working as a cotton classer census shows him in Guthrie, OK Lived in Rockwall, TX at one time (his infant son Doak P Lowry was buried in Rockwall in 1887) Children were: – Tom Lowry – Dick Lowry – David P Lowry, Jr – Doak P Lowry – Janey Mae Lowry

10 TOM LOWRY Born in Rockwell, TX The 1920 Census shows Tom Lowry (28) and Ethel M (24) living at 1507 N Broadway, Oklahoma City In the 1930 census they were living at 1205 NW 36th

11 TOM LOWRY Served in France in WW I Won the Letzeiser Medal at Oklahoma University in 1913 for best all-around scholar (scholarship, student activities, athletics and literary)

12 TOM LOWRY Practiced medicine in Oklahoma City with his twin brother, Dick Lowry Served as Dean of the Oklahoma Medical School

13 TOM LOWRY Founded the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation while Dean Original funds for the foundation were raised through memorial donations for Tom and his brother Dick

14 TOM LOWRY (from Oklahoma State medical Journal, December, 1945)

15 ETHEL MAUD SMITH Wife of Tom Lowry German ancestry (Schmidts) Multiple ties to passengers on the Mayflower

16 THE SCHMIDTS Family of Ethel Maud Smith Dates back to Martinis Schmidt (born 1660 in the Rhineland- Pfalz of Germany – at that time part of the Holy Roman Empire) 9 th great grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith He was living there during the War of the Grand Alliance ( ) in which Louis XIV of France laid waste to the entire area, leading to mass emigration of German farmers to America and other countries

17 JOHN (JOHAN) CHRISTOPHER SCHMIDT rd GGF of Ethel Maud Smith Records from the Moravian Church show that John Christopher was aboard the 'Irene which left London Feb 20, 1749 and arrived in New York May 12. He traveled to New Bethel, PA and married Mary Guss. She is not listed as a passenger on that ship. 12 FEB 1791 Mt. Bethel Twp., Northampton Co., PA, listed in deed adjoining lands of Christopher Baker, Charles and William Lebar, James Durham, Theophilus Partridge, John Long and Joseph Long Will: 12 MAY 1808 Register of Wills, Northampton Co., PA, 1808, Will # 2536

18 JOHAN (YOST) SMITH nd GGF of Ethel Maud Smith Born in Bedminster, PA Founding father of Red Bank Township in Pennsylvania, about 130 miles northwest of Philadelphia in Armstrong County. The home in which Yost and Magdeline (Mahoney) lived still stands at Oak Ridge in Red Creek, PA. "In the northwestern part of this township is the territory covered by the Pickering & Co. warrant No In the sharp northern bend of the Red Bank, opposite the mouth of Town creek, was the site of the "Old Town," an Indian village, vestiges of which, such as stone and earthen mounds, kettles and other implements used by the Indians, were found by the early white settlers. Jacob Wells cut down a hickory tree, about eight rods south of the Red Bank, on this tract, in 1875, in the trunk of which he found an ounce lead ball, between which and the bark were one hundred and five concentric rings or annual growths. Hence, it may be inferred that the "Old Town" was located here prior to The date of that warrant is May 17, 1785, and that of the survey by George Woods, May 31, The patent to Pickering & Co., "including the Old Town," is dated March 25, and their conveyance to Yost Smith, August 17, He had probably on it in 1807, for he was assessed on the Red Bank list in 1808, with the land, and the next year with it and two horses, at $211

19 ADAM SMITH Great grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith Farmer in Armstrong County, PA Was also in the lumber business early in the development of Pennsylvania. From his home on Red Creek Bank he could cut timber, then float it down Red Creek to the Allegheny River, then to the Ohio River and on to Pittsburgh and Cincinnati Home was on Red Bank Creek, a branch of the Allegheny River. Married Mary Ann Schumaker Buried at Trinity Reformed Church, Berks County, PA

20 HENRY L SMITH Grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith Born in Armstrong County, PA Attended high school in Glade Run, PA Was initially a teacher, then attended Columbus Medical School in Ohio where he graduated in 1876 Practiced for 6 years in Kelly Station, PA, then moved to Potwin, Kansas in 1885 Moved to Guthrie, OK April 23, 1889, in the Oklahoma Land Run. First office there was in a tent. Later built an office on Oklahoma Avenue. Was the local surgeon of the Santa Fe railroad. Original home in Guthrie still stands on East Cleveland Served as a pension examiner for the Oklahoma Territory under presidents Harrison and Cleveland Belonged to Lodge No 2, A.F.&A.M of the Ancient Order of the United Workmen

21 RALPH VERNON SMITH Father of Ethel Maud Smith Lived in Red Bank, PA the first 6 years of his life. Lived in Kelly Station, PA from 1877 until Moved to Kansas in Attended Emporia State School for two years, then became a teacher. Moved to Oklahoma around 1889 with his father. Was employed as a clerk at Ball Brothers until 1893, when he accepted a position with the Santa Fe Railroad. Worked as a contractor in the fuel department until 1895.

22 RALPH VERNON SMITH Attended Washintgon University Medical College in Missouri and graduated in Practiced with his father in Guthrie (office on Beehive block). Lectured 2 days a week at Oklahoma University Medical School Moved to Tulsa in 1914 to practice orthopedic surgery Served overseas in WW I, serving as a lieutenant colonel The 1910 census shows Ralph V Smith living in Guthrie with Ethel M (14) and Thelma (10). The 1920 Census shows Dr. Ralph W Smith in Tulsa, OK (age 48), with wife Eva A (age 45 so born abt 1874), sister Maud L Ball (age 50) mother Rebecca Smith (age 72, and a boarder Dr. Brown (age 30). Maud and Rebecca were born in Pennsylvania. Dr. Brown the boarder was born in Louisiana. There was also in the house Artie Watson, a servant, age 20 and born in Texas. Married Eva A Cross of Pleasanton, KS

23 GUTHRIE, OK 511 E Cleveland Ave Home to Ralph V Smith and Henry L Smith in 1909

24 THE FRANTZ FAMILY Ethel Maud Smiths sister was Thelma Smith, who married Harry P Frantz, Sr They are the patriarchs of the Frantz family of Enid, with whom the OKC clan still keeps close touch

25 THE DOAK FAMILY Julia Montgomery Doak married Adam Lowry in 1794, and was the 2 nd great- grandmother of Tom Lowry The Doaks go back to Samuel Doak, born 1648 in Antrum, Ireland (Tom Lowrys 7 th great-grandfather In 1609 a number of Doak families were transplanted in Ireland as part of Englands plantationing (taking land from the Catholics and giving it loyal English protestants) In 1698 King James besieged Londonderry for 105 days. It is likely that Samuels son, James Doak, was in the city at that time Samuels grandson, also Samuel Doak (born 1700 in Ulster Ireland -- Tom Lowrys 5 th great-grandfather), traveled to America and settled in Augusta, VA, where he died in 1772 His son, Samuel Doak II, came to America in While on the ship he married Jane Mitchell

26 REV SAMUEL DOAK III Father of Julia Montgomery Doak, Tom Lowrys 4 th great-grandfather Graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1775 Married Esther Houston Montgomery, linking to the famed Montgomerys of Scotland and Normandy, and to the powerful family that produced Sam Houston and Davy Crockett Rev. Doak was the first president of Washington College near Greenville, TN, which was first chartered under the name of Martin Academy Just the sound of his name was enough to evoke images of God's great lion on the frontier. Samuel Doak, became "the apostle of learning and religion in the West." And in fact, there had never been anything like him on the wild edges of the new lands frontier, later to become Tennessee. If ever an evangelist led his flock out of the wilderness into the light, it was Rev. Samuel Doak. Even today, the name Doak is instantly recognised in East Tennessee and elsewhere in Appalachia by both students of history and religion of the region, but also by school children in the grade schools. He was a man who left an indelible mark on the generations of the region and spoke one of the most famous lines in the annals of Tennessee history.

27 REV SAMUEL DOAK III He was present the morning 1,100 rough, no-nonsense frontiersmen, made up mostly of Scotch-Irish and who later came to be known as the Overmountain Men, formed on September 25, 1780, at Sycamore Shoals in Elizabethton, Tennessee They had gathered to confront General Charles Cornwallis's British troops and loyalists at a time when the colonies had lost most of its battles against the well-trained British army. But before heading across the mountains of Tennessee into South Carolina to Kings Mountain, the Rev. Samuel had a few words to say. Doak, gathering in the cooling morning mists at the beautiful shoals of the Watauga River with the bold, determined buckskin clad men, sent them forth with a fiery speech, words that have travelled down through the ages. He told them to go forward unafraid, to confront the enemy. He said they would be protected by the "Sword of the Lord and of Gideon," quoting the Bible, Judges 7:20. The fearless Overmountain Men did go forward, over rugged mountains in heavy snows. They won at Kings Mountain, a battle that has been called the turning point in America's Revolutionary War. Here, then, clearly was no ordinary preacher. Samuel Doak was of medium height with rather large blue eyes. He was always in a dignified manner, and no matter his audience he was a commanding presence. As large as the frontier was, as deeply dark as it was wild, was no match for this man of the cloth.

28 REV SAMUEL DOAK III Samuel founded Salem Presbyterian Church in 1780 and by 1783 he had received a charter for the first school in Tennessee, Martin Academy, later known as Washington College. Samuel's son, the Rev. Samuel Witherspoon Doak, graduated from Washington College in 1806 and became a licensed Presbyterian minister by the Abingdon (Virginia) Presbytery. Doak served as head of Washington College for 35 years, turning out students who became leaders in almost every area of education and public life. Over time, Washington College produced 22 college presidents, three governors, 28 members of Congress, physicians, ministers, opera singers, judges, lawyers, teachers and farmers.

29 THE FULLER FAMILY Samuel Fuller (born 1608 in Redenhall County, Norfolk, England, died 1683 in Barnstable, MA) was a passenger aboard the Mayflower Samuel was the 7 th great-grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith His parents, Edward Fuller and Ann Carpenter (8 th GGPs of Ethel Maud Smith), were also aboard the Mayflower. They died the first winter and are buried at Coles Hill Samuel married Jane Lathrop (daughter of Rev John Lathrop). They arrived after the Mayflower They soon settled in Barnstable, MA, which John Lathrop established

30 MAYFLOWER PASSENGERS A number of Mayflower passengers were direct antecedents Ethel Maud Smith. These include: – Edward and Ann Carpenter Fuller (8 th GGPs of EMS) – Samuel Fuller (7 th GGF of EMS) – John Alden (10 th GGF of EMS) – Priscilla Mullins Alden (10 th GGM of EMS) – William C Mullins (11 th GGF of EMS) – Alice Mullins (11 th GGM of EMS) – Francis Cooke (12 th GGF of EMS) *Edward Fuller, John Alden, William Muller and Francis Cooke were signers of the Mayflower Compact

31 REV JOHN LATHROP th great-grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith Father of Jane Lathrop, wife of Samuel Fuller Educated as an Anglican minister Denounced the Anglican Church and became a protestant minister (Cause of the Independents) Imprisoned by Bishop William Laud in the Clink Prison Released when he agreed to leave England for America Arrived in Boston in 1634 aboard the Griffith Established the township of Barnstable, MA, where he is buried

32 REV JOHN LATHROP While aboard the Griffin he spilled candle wax on his bible, burning several pages which he replaced from memory The Lathrop Bible is on display at the Sturgis Library in Barnstable

33 MILES AVERY FULLER TH great-grandson of Samuel Fuller Great-grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith The Fuller family migrated from Massachusetts to Pennsylvania, then to Indiana where Miles Avery Fuller was a judge and owner of Modena Mills Miles daughter, Adelia (Delia) Matilda Fuller, married William Isaac Cross. They were the grandparents of Ethel Maud Smith

34 AVERY FAMILY The Fuller family linked the Lowry/Smith familes to the Averys of Groton, CT when Miles Avery Fuller (father of Adelia Mae Fuller, the grandmother of Ethel Maud Smith) married Anna Avery, the 4 th great-granddaughter of Captain James Avery Captain James Avery was born in Lincoln, England in 1620 After immigrating to America, he settled first in New London, CT, then Groton, CT Avery was charged with dealing with the native Indians, specifically Mohegan chief Uncas (depicted in Last of the Mohicans), who sided with the English against the Pequots James home in Groton, known as the Hive of Avery, stood until 1894, when a spark from a train burned it. A monument now stands in its place James was the 7 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith

35 James Avery Bust, Groton, CT

36 AVERY FAMILY James grandson, Humphrey Avery, (5 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) was a member of the Susquahanna Company that established the Wyoming Valley along the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania His name is on the list of Yankee Prisoners taken by the British in Pennsylvania in 1774 As an ensign in the Continental Army he survived the Wyoming Valley Massacre in 1778 when 700 Iriquois Indians supporting the British attacked the fort

37 AVERY FAMILY Humphreys grandson, Zebulon Avery (2 nd GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) built the Avery Foundry in Tunkahannoch, PA, where farming equipment was manufactured His daughter, Anna Avery, married Miles Avery Fuller, and was the great-grandmother of Ethel Maud Smith

38 ABERNATHY FAMILY Eva Richie, wife of David P Lowry, was the daughter of Peggy Ann Abernathy, descended from the Abernathy clan prominent in Scottish history) The American Abernathys go back to Robert Abernathy Sr (born 1720 in Bristol parish, VA) (3 rd GGF of Tom Lowry) David Abernathy (2 nd GGF of Tom Lowry) was a Revolutionary War Veteran, serving in McLains army as a captain, serving with General Rutherford against the Cherokees, and credited with capturing Major Andre. DAR Lineage number is

39 CLAN MONTGOMERY Julia Montgomery Doak was the daughter of Esther Houston Montgomery (3 rd great-grandmother of Tom Lowry) The Montgomerys were one of the most powerful families in Scotland, and in Normandy The family goes back to Rollo Ragnarsson (born 845 in Norway), a Viking who conquered northern France in 911. Rollo was the 23 rd great-grandfather of Esther Houston Montgomery, and the 28 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry His name came from Hrolf the Walker because he was too big to be carried by a horse His descendants became the Six Dukes of Normandy They later accompanied William the Conqueror to England, and gained large landholdings in England and Scotland after his victory (1066; Battle of Hastings) Through many marriages the Montgomerys link to the royalty of Scotland and England, as well as France and Spain

40 DUKE ROLLO RAGNARSSON His statue is among the Dukes statues in Falaise, Normandy His wife, Josceline Taurade, is linked to Kings of Italy (Bernard the Dane) and several Dukes of Saxony

41 WILLIAM LONGSWORD rd great- grandfather of Tom Lowry 2 nd Duke of Normandy Betrayed and killed by Arnulf of Flanders, with whom he was at war

42 RICHARD I OF NORMANDY nd great-grandfather of Tom Lowry 3 rd Duke of Normandy Known as Richard the Fearless Christianized Normandy Introduced the feudal system

43 RICHARD II THE GOOD OF NORMANDY st great-grandfather of Tom Lowry 4 th Duke of Normandy Attempted to improve relations with England through his sister's marriage to King Ethelred, but she was strongly disliked by the English. However, this connection later gave his grandson, William the Conqueror, part of his claim to the throne of England.

44 ROBERT I OF NORMANDY th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry 5 th Duke of Normandy Fathered William the Conqueror illegitimately, but made him his heir (William the Bastard) Died returning from the Crusades

45 ROGER The Great MONTGOMERY Great-grandson of Duke Rollo 25 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Accompanied William the Conqueror, his cousin, on the Norman Conquest of England (Battle of Hastings, 1066) Afterwards he was entrusted with land in two places critical for the defense of England, receiving the rape of Arundel at the end of 1067 In November 1071 he was created Earl of Shrewsbury in England Roger was thus one of the half dozen greatest magnates in England during William the Conqueror's reign He had estates in Surrey (4 manors), Hampshire (9 manors), Wiltshire (3 manors), Middlesex (8 manors), Gloustershire (1 manor), Worcestershire (2 manors), Cambridgeshire (8 manors), Warwickshire (11 manors) and Staffordshire (30 manors)

46 ROGER The Great MONTGOMERY 25 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry It is said that during the Battle of Hastings, an Englishman with a giant axe was wreaking havoc on the Norman invaders. Roger put the Englishman down with a blow of his sword, and the battle then turned Rogers income from his holdings was 3% of Englands GDP at that time Roger first married Mabel of Bellême, who was heiress to a large territory on both sides of the border between Normandy and Maine. The medieval chronicler Orderic Vitalis paints a picture of Mabel of Bellême being a scheming and cruel woman She was murdered by Hugh Bunel and his brothers, who in December 1077 rode into her castle of Bures-sur-Dive and cut off her head as she lay in bed. Their motive for the murder being that Mabel had deprived them of their paternal inheritance

47 ROGER The Great MONTGOMERY The ballad "Memrables of the Montgomeries", published in Glasgow in 1770, addresses Roger: Earl Roger -- then the greatest man Next to the King, was thought And nothing that he could desire But it to him was brought Montgomery town, Montgomery shire And Earl of Shrewsberie Arundale do show this man Of grandeur full to be

48 ROBERT DE MONTGOMERY Third Earl of Shrewsbury 23 rd great-grandfather of Tom Lowry First Montgomery to acquire lands in Scotland Obtained from Walter the Steward (patriarch of the Stuart Kings of Scotland and England) a grant of the lands of Eagleshame. This valuable estate is said to have been conferred on Robert by Walter, as the dowry of his daughter Marjory, whom Robert espoused as his first wife That marriage tied the Montgomerys to the Stuart line which ruled Scotland and England for centuries He acquired the lands of Eagleshame, close to Glasgow Robert de Montgomerie was witness to the endowment charter of Paisley by Walter FitzAlan in the late 12th century

49 SIR JOHN DE MONTGOMERY th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Lord of Eagleshame Sir John was the first known inhabitant of Eaglesham Castle, later known as Polnoon Castle Sir John married 1361 Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Hugh Eglinton of Ilk, one of the two Justicaries of Scotland, in the reign of King David II and at the death of the latter Sir John distinguished himself at the Battle of Otterburn, August 1388, a battle in which the Earl of Douglas defeated English forces under Henry Percy, 1 st Earl of Northumberland After the Earl of Douglas died in battle, Montgomery captured Lord Percy and took him hostage Polnoon Castle was built with funds obtained through Percys ransom

50 FROM THE BALLAD OF THE BATTLE OF OTTERBURN The Percy and Montgomery met, That either of other were fain; They swapped swords, and they twa swat, And aye the blood ran down between. "Yield thee, now yield thee, Percy," he said, "Or else I vow I'll lay thee low!" "To whom must I yield," quoth Earl Percy, "Now that I see it must be so ?" "Thou shalt not yield to lord nor loun, Nor yet shalt thou yield to me; But yield thee to the braken-bush, That grows upon yon lilye lee!" "I will not yield to a braken-bush, Nor yet will I yield to a brier; But I would yield to Earl Douglas, Or Sir John the Montgomery, if he were here." As soon as he knew it was Montgomery, He stuck his sword's point in the gronde; The Montgomery was a courteous knight, And quickly took him by the honde.

51 SIR JOHN MONTGOMERY Son of Sir John de Montgomery 15 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry He was one of the chiefs of the Scottish army which invaded England, 1402, and was taken prisoner at the battle of Halidon Hill. The Battle of Halidon Hill was fought during the War of Scottish Independance which followed the murder of John Comyn by Robert Bruce. King Edward I of England sought to suppress the Scots. Halidon Hill was a poor selection for the battle, as the Scots had to travel through marsh to approach the English army, and were easy prey to English archers. Most Scottish fighters literally fought to the death as Edward prevailed. Sir John Montgomerie was the last commoner of the family who possessed Eagleshame. His eldest son Alexander, was created a peer by the title of Lord Montgomerie

52 HUGH MONTGOMERY th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Hugh accompanied the forces of King James II of England to Ireland, where the English engaged the Protestant forces of William of Orange in the Battle of the Boyne (1690) Hugh was killed in the battle, but his descendants remained in Ireland Hugh was the great-grandfather of Esther Houston Montgomery

53 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN SCOTTISH HISTORY For 19 generations the Montgomerys were a powerful family in England and Scotland Through marriages of those 19 generations, ties were created with every major clan and political family in Scotland, weaving a spiders web through the history of Scotland that connects back to the very beginnings of the land

54 EARLY SCOTLAND Scotland was inhabited by the Picts long before the birth of Christ The Picts were late Iron Age and early Medieval people living in eastern and northern Scotland In the last decade of the 5 th century the Scots arrived and occupied the area known known as Argyll The Scots came from Dalriata in Ireland, and were led by Fergus mac Erc (43 rd GGF of Tom Lowry) Fergus and his brothers established the kingdom of Dalriata in Scotland, and brought with them the Stone of Scone, upon which future kings of Scotland would be crowned Fergus son. Domangart MacFerguson (42nfdgreat-grandfather of Tom Lowry) was a companion of St Patrick, and was with him at his death The area of Dalriata later became home to the Irish monk, Columba, who is credited with converting Scotland to Christianity The Picts and Scots went through various phases of conflict and peaceful coexistence for the next two centuries, at which time Kenneth MacAlpin consolidated the two into a single unit

55 KENNETH MACALPIN st great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Consolidated Scotland during the time of the savage Viking (Norseman) invasions For 200 years following MacAlpin the Scots fought constantly with the Vikings When the Vikings were inactive the Scots fought with the English When the English were quiet the Scots fought with each other From this morass of combat and conflict Malcolm II (The Destroyer) emerged as King of Scots in 1005

56 MALCOLM II (THE DESTROYER) th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Earned the moniker Destroyer by murdering everyone else in line for the throne Drove the English from southern Scotland (Lothian) Grandfather of MacBeth, Duncan, and Thorfinn Raven Feeder, who were in line to succeed him since he had no sons Accepted King Canute of England as his overlord, which was used by the English to claim sovereignty over Scotland for hundreds of years thereafter Duncan (25 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry) succeeded Malcolm MacBeth met Duncan in battle, and killed him in combat MacBeth installed a system of laws and began the civilization of Scotland Duncans illegitimate son, Malcolm Canmore (Big Head) killed MacBeth in battle

57 MALCOLM CANMORE (MALCOLM III) th great grandfather of Tom Lowry Killed MacBeth, with the help of the English, to become King of Scotland Married Margaret Atheling (Margaret of Scotland) after having his first wife exiled and poisoned Margaret was the granddaughter of Edmund II Ironside, King of England (31 st great-grandfather of Tom Lowry) and the granddaughter of King Stephen (St Stephen) of Hungary Paid loyalty to William the Conqueror of England, further establishing the English claim to dominion over Scotland Killed at the Battle of Alnmouth against the English in 1093

58 MARGARET OF SCOTLAND th great-grandmother of Tom Lowry Wife of Malcolm III Reformed the Church of Scotland to bring it under Roman Catholic control Initiated the building of the great cathedrals in Scotland Built schools, established abbeys, and personally cared for pilgrims and the poor by distributing money for food with her own hands. The coins shown in her hand on our statue of St. Margaret symbolize her very great charity. Achieved sainthood (St Margaret) in 1249 Buried in St Margarets Chapel in Edinburgh Castle Four of her sons became Kings of Scotland Her daughter, Matilda, married King Henry I of England (son of William the Conqueror)

59 DAVID I Youngest son of Malcolm III and Margaret 27 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Assumed the throne after Malcolm III Strong ties to England through his marriage to the Countess of Huntingdon Spent 20 years in exile in the English courts prior to becoming king Granted large parcels of land and titles to Norman friends from England (including the Montgomerys) The Normans developed heavy cavalry and archery to make Scotlands army one of the most effective in Europe, and brought the building of stone castles to Scotland David I developed the parish system and promoted education by the church through the building of abbeys Supported Queen Maud against King Stephen of England in the Great Anarchy, and was defeated at the Battle of the Standard

60 WILLIAM I (THE LION) rd great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Eventually succeeded David I Quarreled with the Pope, got himself and all of Scotland excommunicated Succeeded by his son, Alexander II, who was succeeded by David II, who was succeeded by Alexander III, who died without male heirs The wars between the Normans of Scotland and the illegitimate heirs of William I eventually led to the Wars of Scottish Independence, when the English, under King Edward Longshanks Plantagenet (24 th great- grandfather of Tom Lowry) sought control of the Scottish throne over Robert the Bruce (19 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry)

61 ROBERT THE BRUCE th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Claimed his right to the throne as the 4 th great-grandson of David I after Alexander III died without an heir Murdered John Comyn (another contender) on the alter of Greyfriars Monastery and proclaimed himself king (for which he was promptly excommunicated) Took up the cause of Scottish independence against Edward I of England (Edward Longshanks (24 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry) after the death of William Wallace Bruce is inaccurately portrayed as having betrayed William Wallace, leading to Wallaces capture and execution Over a period of many years Bruce prevailed over the English, gaining independence for Scotland Following Bruces death his heart was carried to the Crusades as a talisman

62 WALTER STEWART th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Married Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce Was of the Stewart (Stuart) family that had served as High Stewards of Scotland since the Norman conquest Their son, Robert II, succeeded as King of Scotland His son, Robert III, succeeded him His son, James I, succeeded him as the first Stuart king of Scotland

63 James I Stuart 14 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Succeeded Robert II to become the first Stuart king of Scotland Captured by the English as a child and held in exile by Henry IV for 18 years Assassinated by a conspiracy of his own countrymen, who captured him in his castle. He tried to escape through a sewer line that led to the tennis courts, but could not because he had ordered the sewer line covered because his tennis balls kept going into it Succeeded by his son, James II

64 JAMES II STUART th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Second of the Stuart Kings of Scotland His reign was marked by constant wars with the Douglas clan who sought to rule Scotland Introduced artillery to the Scottish army, only to blow himself up when a cannon backfired on him Succeeded by James III Following James II lineage to the Lowry family passed through his daughter, Margaret Stewart, and not through James III and his descendants

65 OTHER SCOTTISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Somerled MacGillibride (25 th GGF of Tom Lowry) – founder of the MacDonald clan –King of the Isles. He rose from poverty (raised in a cave) to head an army that drove the Vikings from the Isles. Killed in battle against King Malcolm IV John Balliol (22 nd GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) – contended for the Scottish crown (and gained it) against Robert the Bruce Earl James Douglas (16 th GGF of Tom Lowry) – carried the heart of Robert the Bruce on the Crusades to the Holy Lands John de Graham (17 th GGF of Tom Lowry) – the first of the Scottish nobility to join William Wallace against Edward I of England, killed at Falkirk James Stewart (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was High Steward of Scotland. Initially supported Edward I against William Wallace, but withdrew his support Andrew de Moray (21 st GGF of Tom Lowry) one of William Wallaces generals, killed at the Battle of Stirling Bridge John Menteith (21 st GGF of Tom Lowry) – governor of Dumbarton Castle, where he betrayed William Wallace, leading to Wallaces capture and execution by the English

66 OTHER SCOTTISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Thomas Randolph (21 st GGF of Tom Lowry) 1 st Earl of Moray – commanded the Scottish forces at Bannockburn where Robert the Bruce defeated the English Malcolm Drummond (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) developed the caltrap (a three pronged structure) that was used to incapacitate the English horses at the Battle of Bannockburn David de Berkeley (20 th GGF of Tom Lowry) killed at the Battle of Bannockburn supporting Robert the Bruce Walter Stewart (18 th GGF of Tom Lowry) led the Scottish vanguard at Battle of Bannockburn Sir James Douglas (the Black Douglas) (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) – led Scottish forces at Bannockburn Christina Bruce (21 st GGM of Tom Lowry) defended Kildrummy Castle in the absence of her husband, Andrew de Moray, who returned to defeat the English forces under Edward III

67 OTHER SCOTTISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Sir Thomas Boyd (17 th GGF of Tom Lowry) commanded the Scottish archers at the Battle of Nevilles Cross. Taken prisoner and held in London Edward de Keith (20 th GGF of Tom Lowry) killed in the Battle of Nevilles Cross Sir James Douglas (16 th GGF of Tom Lowry) led the Scottish forces at the Battle of Otterburn, in which he was killed and John Montgomery captured Sir Henry (Hotspur) Percy Margaret Tudor (13 th GGM of Ethel Maud Smith) daughter of Henry VII Tudor, King of England, and mother of Mary, Queen of Scots Colin Campbell (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) early chief of Clan Campbell, ally of Robert the Bruce Gillespie Archibald Campbell (13 th GGF of Tom Lowry) 2 nd Earl of Argyll, served as High Chancellor of Scotland under James IV

68 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN ENGLAND When William the Conqueror came to England from Normandy in 1066, he brought with him a number of Norman nobles, including the Montgomerys, who remained in England and became major landholders and nobility William was the illegitimate son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy, and was the 29 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry The ancestors who accompanied William married with the English, creating ancestral lines back to the earliest rulers of England

69 ALFRED THE GREAT th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Son of Aethelwulf, King of Wessex First to consolidate most of the medieval English states into one government Father of the modern navy Confirmed by Pope Leo IV as king of the Anglo-Saxons Drove the Vikings from England Promoted education Created a unified code of law

70 GODWIN OF WESSEX TH great-grandfather of Tom Lowry First Earl of Wessex, one of the most powerful men in England during the reign of Edward the Confessor, a descendant of Alfred the Great In the confusion that followed the death of Edward the Confessor. Godwins son, Harold Godwinsson, claimed the throne of England Others, including William the Conqueror, also claimed the throne, leading to the Battle of Hasting, the defeat and death of Harold Godwinsson, and the Norman Conquest of England

71 HAROLD GODWINSSON th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry King of England for a brief period Captured in Normandy in 1064 Released by William the Conqueror after he promised to support Williams claim to the throne of England Ignored the promise after his release, returning to England and proclaiming himself king, leading to the invasion of England and the Battle of Hastings in 1066, in which William prevailed and Harold was killed

72 WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Bastard son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy Prevailed at the Battle of Hastings to become King of England Brought with him many noblemen from Normandy who became the landed gentry of England following the victory, including Roger the Great Montgomery

73 HENRY I th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Succeeded his father William as King of England A cruel ruler (blinded his own grandchildren) Huge numbers of illegitimate children, but only two legitimate heirs His son and heir, William Adeline, died in the wreck of the White Ship Henry left his crown to his daughter, Maud, but the English were hesitant to accept a female ruler. His nephew, Stephen, claimed the crown with the support of the Catholic Church, and eventually prevailed in the wars known as the Great Anarchy (the setting of Ken Folletts Pillars of the Earth)

74 MATILDA (MAUD) BEAUCLERC th great-grandmother of Tom Lowry Daughter and named heiress of Henry I Married to Geoffrey V Plantagenet of Anjou, France (her descendants became the Plantagenet rulers of England) Opposed Stephen in the Great Anarchy, but ultimately failed and fled to Anjou Her son, Henry II Plantagenet, later became King of England after defeating Stephens son in battle The story of Maud and Stephen and the Great Anarchy is the topic of Ken Folletts novel Pillars of the Earth

75 HENRY II PLANTAGENET th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry His maternal grandmother was Matilda of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm III, giving him claim to the throne of Scotland as well as England Married Eleanor of Aquitaine, tying the Lowry lineage to the noble families of France His words led to the murder of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, at Canterbury Cathedral Instituted trial by jury in the place of trial by ordeal

76 ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE th GGM of Tom Lowry Wife of Henry II, ex-wife of King Louis VII of France Mother of Richard the Lionheart and John I of England She is a pivotal figure tying the Lowry lineage to royalty of most of Europe Probably caused the failure of the Second Crusade by bringing an unmanageable number of female friends and baggage Supported her sons against their father, for which he had her imprisoned for 18 years

77 JOHN I (JOHN LACKLAND) th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Called Lackland because he was the youngest son, not in line for a title Became King of England when his brother, Richard the Lionheart, was captured returning from the Third Crusade and died without issue Known as the evil king during the time of Robin Hood Warred constantly with his native gentry, and was finally forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215

78 HENRY III th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Son of John I Warred constantly with his Barons, as had his father, for power over England Prevailed over the Barons in the Second Barons War at the Battle of Evesham Profoundly anti-semetic, requiring Jews to wear a badge of shame

79 EDWARD I LONGSHANKS th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Son of Henry III Instrumental in helping Henry III win the Second Barons War Participated in the 9 th Crusade Warred constantly with William Wallace and Robert the Bruce in the Scottish Wars of Independence, frequently devastating the Scottish countryside and earning the nickname Hammer of Scotland, as portrayed in Braveheart Married Eleanor of Castile (24 th great-grandmother of Tom Lowry) tying the Lowry lineage to the nobility of Spain

80 ELEANOR OF CASTILE th great-grandmother of Tom Lowry Daughter of Ferdinand III, King of Castile and Leon Much loved by her subjects Patron of the Dominican monks and founder of many priories The Eleanor Crosses over England mark her funeral procession to London following her death Mother of Edward II

81 EDWARD II th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry A weak leader, Edward II finally lost the Wars of Scottish Independence, freeing Scotland from English rule Wed to Isabella of France (18 th GGM of Tom Lowry) creating another link to the nobility of France (Isabella was the daughter of King Philip IV the Fair and the sister of three French kings Favored his male friends (Hugh the Dispenser and Piers Gaveston) Eventually deposed and imprisoned by his wife and her lover, Roger Mortimer (17 th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry)

82 EDWARD III th great-grandfather of Tom Lowry Transformed England into the strongest military force in Europe Initially dominated by his mother, who had deposed his father, he had his mother arrested and exiled and her consort, Mortimer, executed His descendants were John of Gaunt, 1 st Duke of Lancaster (16 th GGF of Tom Lowry) and Edmund of Langley (Duke of York). Their descendants would fight the Wars of the Roses as the Lancasters and Yorks

83 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Aethelwulf of Wessex (33 rd GGF of Tom Lowry) King of Wessex. Conquered Essex, East Anglia and Wales and set the stage for his son, Alfred the Great, to become the first Anglo-Saxon king Lady Godiva of Coventry (29 th GGM of Tom Lowry) wife of Leofric, Earl of Mercia. Rode naked through the streets to protest taxes imposed by her husband Tostig Godwinsson (28 th GGF of Tom Lowry) brother of Harold Godwinsson. Harold killed Tostig in battle only weeks before being killed himself by William the Conqueror Robert de Mortain (31 st GGF of Tom Lowry) accompanied William the Conqueror from Normandy and received 549 manors scattered throughout England Richard FitzGilbert (28 th GGF of Tom Lowry) accompanied William the Conqueror and received 176 lordships

84 THE MONTGOMERIES OF ENGLAND Roger the Great de Montgomery (25 th GGF of Tom Lowry) accompanied William the Conqueror and acquired vast lands and titles in England following the Battle of Hastings, including Arundel and Shrewsbury He was the 1 st Earl of Shrewsbury, bordering Wales, which was still independent and often an enemy of the Norman English His wife, Mabel of Belleme (25 th GGM of Tom Lowry) was beheaded in their castle in Shrewsbury in 1077 His son, Roger de Montgomery (24 th GGF of Tom Lowry) chose the wrong side in the conflict between Williams successors, and lost the lands Other Montgomery descendants later acquired lands in Renfewshire, Scotland, where the Montgomerys became major nobility of Scotland

85 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Geoffrey V Plantagenet (28 th GGF of Tom Lowry) husband of Maud (daughter of William the Conqueror), son of Fulk V dAnjou (King of Jerusalem during the crusades), patriarch of the Plantagenet rulers of England William Marshall (24 th GGF of Tom Lowry) 1 st Earl of Pembroke, served as regent for the young King Henry III Simon de Montfort (23 rd GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) Earl of Leicester, led the barons against Henry III and died in the Battle of Evesham, killed by Roger de Mortimer (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) who sent Montforts head to his wife as a present Hugh le Despencer (19 th GGF) chief advisor to and probable lover of Edward II. Executed by the enemies of Edward II Roger de Mortimer (17 th GGF of Tom Lowry) sided with his lover, Isabella of France, against her husband (Edward II). He was hanged, drawn and quartered as a result

86 ENGLISH ANCESTORS While the Montgomery family created connections of the Plantagenets of England, the Cross family created ties to the Tudors going back to the Wars of the Roses William Isaac Cross was the husband of Adelia Fuller, and the grandfather of Ethel Maud Smith His mother was Sophia Peddicord, the 10 th GGD of Henry VII, first Tudor King of England following the Wars of the Roses That relationship in turn ties to the Valois rulers of France Ralph Neville (born 1291; 27 th GGF of Tom Lowry) led the English forces that defeated David I of Scotland at the Battle of Nevilles Cross, the battle named in his honor

87 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE John of Gaunt (16 th GGF of Tom Lowry) son of Edward III. Served as Regent of England during the infancy of Richard II, then fell out of favor. His children challenged the Yorks of Richard II in the Wars of the Roses Joan Beaufort (14 th GGM of Tom Lowry) grand-daughter of John of Gaunt, wife of James I of Scotland Richard Plantagenet (16 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) Duke of York, served as Regent of England during the insane periods of Henry VI. Opposed the Lancasters in the Wars of the Roses Edward IV Plantagenet (15 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) King of England during the Wars of the Roses Henry VII Tudor (14 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) King of England during the Wars of the Roses, father of Henry VIII. His rule ended the Wars of the Roses

88 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Thomas Wyatt (12 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith. Lyrical poet credited with introducing the sonnet to English literature. He travelled to Rome to plead for Henry VIIIs divorce from Catherine of Aragon. Later imprisoned in the Tower of London for an alleged affair with Anne Boleyn Thomas Wyatt (11 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) son of the above. Led Wyatts Rebellion against Mary, Queen of Scots in London. Not many revolutionaries showed up, Wyatt was captured and executed William Winter (11 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was Vice-Admiral of the British Navy during the Spanish Armada – developed the fire-ship strategy which destroyed many Spanish ships Roger II Bigod (23 rd GGF of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta Hugh Bigod (22 nd GGF of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta William dAubigny (23 rd GGf of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta Richard de Clare (26 th GGF of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta Gilbert de Clare (25 th GGF of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta

89 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Alan de Galloway (22 nd GGF of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta Geoffrey de Saye (25 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) signed the Magna Carta Llywelyn the Great ap Iorwerth (20 th GGF of Tom Lowry) signed the Magna Carta Geoffrey de Mandeville (28 th GGF of Tom Lowry) founded the town of Amersham and Ramsey Abbey. During the Great Anarchy he threw out the clergy and used the abbey as a base from which to rob his subjects. Killed by King Stephens army in 1144 Henry Hotspur Percy (18 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) English military leader, captured at Otterburn by the Montgomeries, later ransomed. Helped depose Richard II, later rebelled against Henry IV and was killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury Robert de Clifford (23 rd GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) killed while commanding the English forces at the Battle of Bannockburn

90 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Aubrey II de Vere (29 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was Master Chamberlain of England. Built Hedingham Castle in Essex. The castle was taken by Stephen during the Great Anarchy, returned by Henry II, and later besieged by King John Richard of Conrisburgh (17 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) plotted the attempted assassination of Henry V, but was captured and executed Maud de Braose (19 th GGM of Tom Lowry) Barroness Wigmore. Maud is credited for plotting the escape of Edward I, who was held prisoner in a neighboring castle during the first Barons War Richard Strongbow FitzGilbert de Clare (25 th GGF of Tom Lowry) 2nd Earl of Pembroke, led the English forces that conquered much of Ireland in 1169 Richard de Lucy (28 th GGF of Tom Lowry) Chief Justiciar of England under Henry VIII, he was one of the men who murdered Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. For penance he founded Lesnes Abbey in Kent

91 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Thomas Knollys (16 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) Lord Mayor of London, he oversaw the renovation of London in the 15 th century Thomas Howard (13 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) Earl of Surrey, commanded the English forces at the Battle of Flodden Field Thomas de Gray (20 th GGF of Ethel Maud Smith) built Chillingham Castle (now considered Englands most-haunted castle) David, Earl of Huntingdon (24 th GGF of Tom Lowry) led the siege of Nottingham Castle in 1194, thought to have been Robin Hood, or the person on whom the legend was based

92 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN WALES Wales is described separately because, for most of its history, it remained independent of England, with multiple independent kingdoms Because the Montgomeries, and several other Norman families of ancestry, settled in England along the borders of Wales, intermarriage was a common occurrence, creating ties of the Lowry line with the Welsh rulers and nobility Rodri Mowr, King of Gwynedd (41 st GGF of Tom Lowry) who died in 878, was one of the early rulers of much of Wales Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (28 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was the first to consolidate all the kingdoms of Wales into one body, just prior to the arrival of the Normans

93 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN WALES During the Welsh Wars of Edward I, Roger de Mortimer (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was among the first of the English nobles to invade Wales He was soon joined by William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (26 th GGF of Tom Lowry)

94 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Most Lowry ancestors who lived in Ireland were of Scottish origin, and lived in Ireland for short periods However, a number of Scottish and English ancestors distinguished themselves in Ireland Because Fergus Mac Erc (49 th GGF of Tom Lowry), who settled Dalriata in Scotland, and whose descendants became kings of Scotland, was descended from the kings of Dalriata in Ireland,, he ties the Lowry family back to the ancient kings and high kings of Ireland

95 ANCIENT KINGS AND HIGH KINGS OF IRELAND Several of these kings and high kings, mostly ancestors of Fergus Mac Erc, are noteworthy Niall of the Nine Hostages (Niall Mor Noigiallach), 52 nd GGF of Tom Lowry, captured his enemy, Eochaid, and chained him to a tree, inviting nine of his warriors to kill the enemy. But Eochaid broke his chains, killed all nine warriors, and later killed Niall as well Milesius (109 th GGF of Tom Lowry) alleged to have settled Ireland as the first king. Some geneologists have traced Milesius back to Japeth, son of Noah Roan Faeldergdoit (94 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was the first Irish king to require that his citizens were gold rings on their hands Cobthach Coel Breg (80 th GGF of Tom Lowry) killed his brother to become king, then forced his brothers children to eat the corpse

96 ANCIENT KINGS AND HIGH KINGS OF IRELAND Tuathal Teachtmar (61 st GGF of Tom Lowry) imposed a bi- annual fee on Leinster of 6000 cows, 6000 sheep, and 6000 ounces of silver Cormac Mac Art (57 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was confronted by St Patrick, and subsequently suppressed the druids in favor of Christianity Muireadeach Tireach (54 th GGF of Tom Lowry) married the daughter of Old King Cole. He was the father of Niall of the Nine Hostages, whose descendants became the patriarchs of the powerful Ui Neills and Connachts

97 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Olaf the White (39 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was one of many Vikings to rule eastern Ireland He became king of Dublin around 853 His wife was Aud the Deep Minded (39 th GGM of Tom Lowry), daughter of Ketil Flatnose (40 th GGF of Tom Lowry) Olafs son, Thorstein the Red (35 th GGF of Tom Lowry) attempted to conquer Scotland but failed Olaf Sihtricson (25 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was king of Dublin and king of York in England Sigurd the Stout Lodvisson (33 rd GGF of Tom Lowry) was the last of the Viking kings of Ireland

98 BRIAN BORU High King of Ireland 27 th GGF of Tom Lowry Defeated the Viking rulers at the Battle of Clontarf (1014), a battle in which he was killed Patriarch of the OBrien Dynasty of Ireland

99 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN IRELAND In 1167 Dermott MacMurrough, King of Leinster (26 th GGF of Tom Lowry) was expelled by the High King of Ireland He sought assistance from Henry II of England (32 nd GGF of Tom Lowry) Henry II organized an army led by Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke (known as Strongbow) – 25 th GGF of Tom Lowry Strongbow and his Welsh archers restored Dermott to the throne of Leinster This opened the door for further incursions into Ireland by the Norman leaders of England

100 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Following the death of Strongbow, Henry II appointed William FitzAldelm de Burgh (24 th GGF of Tom Lowry) as Deputy of Ireland William founded The Priory of St Thomas the Martyr in Dublin Williams son, Richard mor de Burgh (23 rd GGF of Tom Lowry) became Justiciar of Ireland and founded the city of Galway Walter de Burgh, Earl of Ulster (20 th GGF of Tom Lowry), founded Athassel Abbey in Tipperary, where he was buried Walters son, Richard og de Burgh, Earl of Ulster (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) married Elizabeth Bruce (19 th GGM of Tom Lowry), daughter of Robert the Bruce

101 LOWRY ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Hugh Montgomery (6 th GGF of Tom Lowry) traveled from Scotland to Ireland with James I to battle William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne, where he was killed His descendants remained in Londonderry Ireland, later emigrating to America Roger Tasker (born 1606; 8 th GGF of Tom Lowry through his mother, Eva Alexander Richey, was Chancellor of Ireland from


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