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1 Preserving the Built Cultural Heritage of Falmouth, Jamaica – a case study in heritage tourism development James Parrent, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Preserving the Built Cultural Heritage of Falmouth, Jamaica – a case study in heritage tourism development James Parrent, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:


2 1 Preserving the Built Cultural Heritage of Falmouth, Jamaica – a case study in heritage tourism development James Parrent, Ph.D.

3 2 Falmouth

4 3 Map of Historic District

5 4 Project Description The purpose of the project is to preserve small and large historic buildings within the Historic District of Falmouth, Jamaica, which was declared a National Monument in 1996. The projects objectives include saving these important structures, providing improved housing for occupants, increasing community pride and awareness of the importance of these buildings, training local youth in preservation techniques and enhancing the future economic development of the town as a destination for tourist.

6 5 Project Benefits Improved Housing for the Needy in a Practical Way Training of Youth in Marketable Skills Attracts Matching Funds Mobilizes Community Preservation of National Patrimony Improvements in Physical Environment Supports Infrastructure Development in Relationship to the Waterfront Revitalization Project to be Conducted by UDC

7 6 Project Management Falmouth Heritage Renewal, Inc. –A not for profit group founded in the U.S. to support the restoration of Historic Falmouth. Falmouth Restoration Company –A not for profit organization founded in 1990 to lead efforts to preserve and develop Falmouths Historic District.

8 7 Historic Falmouth Falmouth was originally laid out in the 1770s by Edward Barrett – the Great Grandfather of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Falmouth became the Capital of Trelawny Parish in 1790. Falmouth has the largest collection of intact Georgian period buildings in the Caribbean. Falmouth had running water to homes before New York City.

9 8 Historic Falmouth from a 1844 photograph by Adolphe Duperly

10 9 Cornwall Street from a 1844 photograph by Adolphe Duperly

11 10 Persian Waterwheel, ca. 1798, – Provided Fresh Water to Falmouth Through a Pipe to Water Square

12 11 Water Square from a 1844 photograph by Adolphe Duperly

13 12 Water Square Today

14 13 Market Street from a 1844 photograph by Adolphe Duperly

15 14 Market Street Today

16 15 Court House (built in 1816)

17 16 Police Station Administration Building (1814)

18 17 Trelawny Parish Church of St. Peter the Apostle (built in 1796)

19 18 Preservation Work Accomplished The next series of slides show before and after photos of houses restored in Falmouth through an EFJ Grant.

20 19 7 Lower Harbour Street

21 20 7 Queen Street

22 21 36A Cornwall Street

23 22 15 Cornwall Street

24 23 16 Cornwall Street

25 24 25 Newton Street

26 25 Houses Restored by Owners Several houses have been restored by owners. Some as homes and others as businesses. A few are shown in the following slides.

27 26 Port Sea House (built c. 1800s)

28 27 Duke Street

29 28 4 Lower Harbour St. (Before Restoration)

30 29 4 Lower Harbour St. (After Restoration)

31 30 King Street (Before Restoration)

32 31 King Street (After Restoration)

33 32 Cornwall Street (Before Restoration)

34 33 Cornwall Street (After Restoration)

35 34 Vocational Training Centre Students and Instructors Assisting Project

36 35 VTC Trainees 2002

37 36 Trainee Learning Rough Mortar Casting

38 37 Trainee Learning to Make Mortise & Tenon Joints

39 38 Lime Putty Training Course In 1999, Jimmy Price, a renowned historic preservation expert, conducted a week long workshop in Falmouth teaching techniques of making and using lime putty to repoint historic stone walls. Students were taught how to make and use lime putty.

40 39 Price & Students in Class

41 40 Price Teaching Re-pointing Techniques

42 41 Making Lime Putty Students were taught how to fire the kiln at Good Hope, burn the lime stones and slack the stones to produce lime putty. Mr. A. Brown of Trelawny taught all how to make and fire a traditional lime kiln. The following slides show both processes.

43 42 Kiln at Good Hope Estate

44 43 Packing Stones in Kiln (view from top)

45 44 Stoking Kiln Fire

46 45 Removing Stones After Burn

47 46 Building a Traditional Kiln

48 47 Placing Lime Stone on Kiln

49 48 Traditional Kiln Burn

50 49 Traditional Kiln – Burn Finished

51 50 Restoration Of Baptist Manse Originally Built as Masonic Temple 1798 and later sold to the Baptist Church William Knibb Trust Established by Tony Hart for Restoration of the Building Restoration near completion Upper Floor Will House an Art Gallery First Floor Will be Used for Community Service Activities

52 51 Baptist Manse (Before Restoration)

53 52 Baptist Manse (After Restoration)

54 53 D. Carpentier & B. McMillen Teaching Molding Construction

55 54 D. Carpentier & D. Vickers Teaching Jointing Techniques

56 55 Rebuilding Manse Staircase

57 56 Working on Staircase

58 57 Manse Staircase Before

59 58 Manse Staircase After Restoration

60 59 In March 2003 Prof. Nelson, University of Virginia & Ed Chappell, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, and students documented a two storey building at 20 Duke Street.

61 60 Post Office Before Restoration (work funded by Friends of Georgian Society-London)

62 61 Falmouth Post Office (windows and north façade repaired)

63 62 Planting Royal Palm Tree – two hundred planted to date

64 63 Royal Palm After 8 Months Growth

65 64 Picket Fence on Rodney Street – Maintained by Ms Duncan

66 65 Accomplishments to Date 34 Young Persons Trained Baptist Manse Restored Commence Restoration of Post Office Stabilized Walls of Barrett House Commenced Plants 400 Royal Palms in Historic Falmouth District 14 Homes Restored

67 66 Current Status Declared a National Monument in 1996 Listed as one of 100 Most Endangered Sites by World Monument Fund in 2002. UDC has Promised to Commence Working on a Waterfront Re- vitalization Plan Restoration of Buildings Continuing

68 67 Thank You!

69 68 Awards & Grants American Express 1996 Award Winner, $10,000 Environmental Foundation of Jamaica 1998 $55,000 Grant to Restore 14 Houses Other Grants for Restoration Projects Ohrstrom Foundation & American Friends of Jamaica 1999 $20,000 Support Grant 1999 Funded Traditional Lime-putty Work Shop 2001 $89,000 Matching Support Grant 2001 Funded Survey Of Buildings In Falmouth 2002 $85,000 Support Grant 2002 Funded Baptist Manse Staircase Restoration Workshop 2003 $85,000 Support Grant

70 69 Awards & Grants Continued Friends of the Georgian Society of Jamaica - London 2002 5,000 grant for Falmouth Post Office Restoration Project 2003 3,040 grant for Falmouth Post Office Restoration Project

71 70 American Express Preservation Award Caribbean 1996

72 71 Organization Of American States Pre-feasibility Study $125,000 Craft Training Course $55,000

73 72 Participating Government Agencies Environmental Foundation of Jamaica VTC Heart Trust Falmouth Social Development Commission Jamaica National Heritage Trust Urban Development Corporation TPDCO Town Planning Department

74 73 Participating Groups & Companies Falmouth Restoration Company Falmouth Heritage Renewal Inc. Jamaica Heritage Trail Ltd. American Friends of Jamaica Ohrstrom Foundation Caribbean Cement Company Sherwin Williams Paint Company Georgian Society William Knibb Trust Friends of the Georgian Society - London

75 74 Institutional Support Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia Savanna College of Art & Design, Georgia Eastfield Village, New York

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