Value Engineering Study Case Done By: Ameer A. Al-Saleh ( ID# 850651) For: Dr. Sadi Assaf Summer 2005 Effective Layout : Cost & Schedule Impact on Residential units
Introduction VE Case Study: Effective Residential Layout and Effective Construction Schedule. My VE study case could be debatable, yet it is added-value paper. Cultural block is barrier to Creativity; this is a block that we impose on our selves due to the society, the culture or group to which we belong. Our way is right will confine our thinking power..
Ameer Al-Saleh, 20053 INDEX Mission And Objective Flash Points Fact Sheet Sample of Designs VE Job Plan 1. Information Gathering Phase 2. Function Analysis Phase 3. Creative Phase 4. Evaluation Phase 5. Development Phase 6. Presentation Phase Conclusion
Ameer Al-Saleh, 20054 Mission and Objective Main objective of this paper is : to introduce Value Engineering job plan on Residential housings in Saudi Arabia based on effective layout consolidation. Intermediate Objective: elevate the awareness among the public of layout cost impact construction wise, and schedule wise. Mission: Get maximum Riyal (SR,) value in, during, by end of construction activity of residential houses.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 20055 Flash Points Value engineering is a creative, organized approach whose objective is optimize the life cycle cost and/or performance of a facility. Main VE teams objective is to analyze the project (service/equipment/facility), find high cost areas, recommend alternatives, and estimate initial and life cycle costs for the original design and for each proposal alternative.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 20056 Information Phase Whatever a man dose, he must do first in his mind. - albert szent-Gyorgyi (1893-1986) Hungarian- American Biochemist. Key Questions What is it? What does it do? What must it do? What does it cost? What is the budget? What is it worth?
Ameer Al-Saleh, 20058 Facts Sheet Average income is …./year/employee Nation Growth Rate is 3.5 %/Year Government Residential Loan takes 15 years to get. Average Real Estate Loan is more than 50 % interest for 6 year span ( recently activated) The official estimation stated that Saudi is in need of 1 million housing units within the forthcoming 5 years. Average house cost is 1.2 million in a city( as of 2004 estimation). Material cost jumped more than 40% since October last year. Huge number Of Saudis are renting their shelter.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 20059 Residential Layout in KSA Presentation 8-18 is mainly for general layout concept (current Practice). Saudi Family have a man sitting room, a women sitting room, and a living room. Average utilization of Man / women sitting room have been sharply declined due to social behavior and modernization. The average area of Man & Women Sitting rooms is 114 M2 in sum. Hereinunder examples of some houses and their layouts.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200521 Flash Fact Sheet on the Project ( Original Plot) Project Type: Residential Apartments Building Total Lands Area: 700 M2 Construction allocated area = 420 M2 Total number of Buildings Stories= 2 Parrot surface = (16+30) * 2 = 92 Meter long equivalent to 46 M2 Circumferential Fence Wall length = 35* 2 + 20 = 90 meter length, equivalent to 45 M2 Upstairs Lounge Construction Area = 80 M2 Total Construction Area = 420 * 2 + 46 + 45+80 = 840+46 + 45 + 80= 1011 M2
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200522 Preliminary Cost Estimation DescriptionUnit rate (SR/M2)Total quantityTotal Cost, SR Land Cost*700 490,000 Construction Cost Commercial 5501011 556050 Deluxe 8501011 859350 Super deluxe 15001011 1516500 Power connection fee 50007 35000 Water Proof - Toilet 50 30 1500 Water Proof - Roof 51517 8750 Total Cost Commercial 1090350 Deluxe 1393650 Super deluxe 2050800
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200523 Project Stages Concept Development (Basic Design ) Develop Preliminary Cost Estimation Detail Engineering Drawings Design Material Specification Development Detail Construction Estimation Calculation Project Bidding Technical / Commercial Evaluation study Project Contract Awarding Project Execution
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200524 Project Execution A- Site preparation B- Site Layout C- Foundation Layout D- Foundation & Ground Bean s Concrete Pouring E- Column Rebar Preparation F- Columns concrete Pouring G- Floor Slab preparation/ Concrete pouring H- Wall Block Layout I- Doors/ Window Preparation J- Exterior / Interior Plastering K- Painting L- Electrical lightings/switch installation M- Building turn over to owner
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200526 Project Construction Schedule
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200527 Function Analysis Phase It is better to aim at perfection and miss than it is to aim at imperfection and hit it.-T.J.Watson Basic Function of House: shelter residents FAST Diagram The Esteem value ( prestigious,and Social value) Vs. Use Value.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200533 Evaluation Phase Change your thoughts and you change your world. – Norman Vincent Peale Economical layout of the residency was re-evaluated to reduce cost. Cultural impact was reviewed vs. other culture practices to reduce residential cost. The Esteem value ( prestigious,and Social value) Vs. Use Value have been considered.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200535 Development Phase I hear and I forget. I see and I remember.I do and I understand. – Chinese Proverb Eliminate Majlis ( 30 M 2 -40 M 2 ) and host guest in hotels / Isteraha instead. Cancel Majliss toilet ( 8 M 2 -12 M 2 ) Save Foyer space by integrate it with Living Room (8 M 2 -22 M 2 ) Same is applicable for a Women Sitting room Total Saving ( SR) is rounded to 114,000 per 2 story building as capital + construction cost. Potential Construction Schedule Saving is 2 months This saving is equal to approx 10% of total expense.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200546 Presentation Phase Out of this discussion, we believe there are a potential saving for house owner in so many dimension. Among most items is the plot layout. Another concept for value engineering study building materials.
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200547 What is value engineering? I am reminded of the quote in our local fast food shop: the bitterness of poor quality remains long after the sweetness of low price is forgotten The VE job plan failing to plan is the same as planning to fail The information phase Whatever a man dose, he must do first in his mind.- albert szent-Gyorgyi (1893-1986) Hungarian-American Biochemist Function Analysis system technique it is better to aim at perfection and miss than it is to aim at imperfection and hit it.- T.J.Watson The evaluation phase Change your thoughts and you change your world. – Norman Vincent Peale Life cycle costing Initial capital costs is but a fraction of the total life cycle cost of a facility The development phase I hear and I forget. I see and I remember.i do and I understand. – Chinese Proverb The presentation phase A picture is worth a thousand words
Ameer Al-Saleh, 200548 Al-yousefi, A., Al-Huwaiter,A.,Al-Oshaish, S.,Shublag, E., (1999) Value engineering in Saudi Arabia overview & application in public and private sectors, Proceedings of the Society of American Value Engineering Conference. ATSME 1699-00, Standard Practice for Performing Value Analysis (VA) of Buildings and Building Systems Fowler, T.C (1983). The User Oriented FAST Diagram. Proceedings of the Society of American Value Engineering Conference. Value Engineering manual, Utah Department of Transportation, Engineering Services
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