Presentation on theme: "The House of Representatives"— Presentation transcript:
1The House of Representatives “One Person, One Vote”
2Cerebral Calisthenics: Recall that Popular Sovereignty is one of basic principles upon which our Constitution is founded. What comment does this political cartoon make about Popular Sovereignty?
3Congressional Districts Remember that there are 435 members of the House of RepresentativesEach Member is selected from a separate Congressional DistrictIn some States there is only a single Congressional District (Wyoming, etc), in others there are as many as 53 (California)District lines are drawn by State Legislatures – Often times are disproportionate to each other
5Populations of States with One Congressional District (2010) One Person, One Vote?The average seat in The House is equal to about 710,000 in population (2010)Populations of States with One Congressional District (2010)Alaska710,231Montana989,415Wyoming563,626North Dakota672,591South Dakota814,180Vermont625,741Delaware897,934
6PA P PA Population: 12,702,379 (2010) = 705,687 per district What is the power of one vote in PA in comparison to a resident of Wyoming? Montana?
7One Person, One Vote? Gerrymandering Every 10 years a census (population count) is conducted and the Congressional districts are reapportioned by StateThis allows the State Legislatures to redraw the Congressional Districts of their StatesMany times both Democratic and Republican leaning legislative bodies try to redraw district lines to benefit their party in the voting processThis is known as Gerrymandering
8Eldridge Gerry: A Notorious Legacy Election of 1812: Gov. Gerry of Mass. had his state legislature redraw the Congressional Districts of the State His plan was to draw one large district that would include the majority of Federalists, allowing his party, the Democratic-Republicans to win the remaining districts