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Chapter 10: Congress
Chapter 11: Powers of Congress
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 27 Chapter 11, Section 4 Penalty Checkpoint: What is the penalty if the President is impeached and convicted? –Convicted officials, including the President, are removed from office and can be banned from holding office again.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 28 Chapter 11, Section 4 Executive Powers All major presidential appointments must be confirmed by a majority vote of the Senate. –The Senate rarely rejects a Cabinet appointment, though candidates may be withdrawn. –The custom of senatorial courtesy means the Senate will only approve appointees supported by the Senators from the appointees state who belong to the Presidents party.
Chapter 12: Congress in Action
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 31 Chapter 12, Section 1 The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of its majority party, a powerful combination. Democrat Nancy Pelosi (right) was the first woman to serve as Speaker. Speaker of the House
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 35 Chapter 12, Section 1 Representation by State
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 36 Chapter 12, Section 1 Representation by State
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 39 Chapter 12, Section 2 Select Committees Checkpoint: What is a select committee? –Select or special committees are typically temporary panels set up to investigate a specific issue. –The Senate Watergate Committee investigated the Watergate scandal. –The Iran-Contra Committee examined the arms-for- hostages deal and illegal aid to the Contras. –The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs uncovered corruption tied to lobbyists for Native American tribes.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 40 Chapter 12, Section 2 Joint Committees, cont. Joint committees include members from both houses. Those shown in the chart are permanent groups, while others are select committees.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 41 Chapter 12, Section 3 The First Steps Most bills are drafted in the executive branch or by special interest groups before being presented to members of Congress. Members often try to get support or cosponsors from members before introducing a proposed bill. All tax bills must begin in the House. House members introduce bills by dropping them into a hopper on the clerks desk.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 42 Chapter 12, Section 3 First Reading Each bill is numbered by the clerk, given a short title summarizing its contents, and entered into the official record. After this first reading, the bill is assigned to a committee. –What does this cartoonist say about the political process?
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 43 Chapter 12, Section 3 Though not mentioned in the Constitution, committees play an essential role by filtering the many bills submitted to Congress. Most bills are pigeonholed. That is, they die in committee. The Bill in Committee
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 44 Chapter 12, Section 3 Committees refer bills to one of their subcommittees. Public hearings to gather data and hear testimony are held for key measures. Sometimes members of a sub- committee will take trips to research a bill. A Committee at Work
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 45 Chapter 12, Section 3 Committee Actions A committee can: –Report a bill with a do pass recommendation. –Pigeonhole the bill and kill it. –Report an amended version of the bill. –Report the bill with a do not pass recommendation. –Report a committee bill as a substitute for a bill referred to it.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 46 Chapter 12, Section 3 The Bill on the Floor Minor bills get a brief second reading and are passed or defeated. Major bills are addressed on the House floor by the Committee of the Whole, which consists of at least 100 members. –The House session is suspended as the Committee reads the bill section by section, debating and possibly amending each section. –The House then returns to session to adopt the completed bill.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 47 Chapter 12, Section 3 House members must have unanimous consent to speak for more than an hour. The Speaker can force a member to give up the floor. Any member can move for an up-or-down vote on an issue at any time. Debate
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 48 Chapter 12, Section 3 Voting in the House Checkpoint: What are the four types of votes that the House can take? –Voice votes in which the Speaker counts the yes and no votes. –A standing vote, where those in favor and against are counted by the clerk. –A roll-call vote that goes member by member can be demanded by one fifth of the members present. –The rare teller vote has a teller count the votes for each party.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 49 Chapter 12, Section 4 Debate in the Senate There are few limits on floor debate in the Senate. In general, a senator can speak on the floor as long as he or she pleases about any topic that he or she wants to. However, no senator may speak more than twice on the same question on the same day. Many Senate bills are debated under a unanimous consent agreement that limits the amount of floor debate.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 50 Chapter 12, Section 4 A bill introduced in the House follows the 4 steps shown in the graphic and then moves on to the Senate. Bills are often referred to more than one standing committee for study and approval. How a Bill Becomes a Law, Pt. 1
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 51 Chapter 12, Section 4 How a Bill Becomes a Law, Pt. 2 A bill introduced in the Senate begins with steps 5-7 and then moves to the House. –How does the lawmaking process for the Senate differ from that of the House?
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 52 Chapter 12, Section 4 Steps 8-9 are often not needed, as a bill approved by one house is often left unchanged by the second. The threat of a veto is often enough to block or force changes in a proposed bill. How a Bill Becomes a Law, Pt. 3
Democrats Go Nuclear!
Chapter 12: Congress in Action Section 3. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 12, Section 3 Objectives 1.Identify the first steps in the.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government C H A P T E R 12 Congress in Action.
Who can propose a law? Anyone can suggest an idea for a law. However However, only a Member of Congress can take a proposed law to the House of Representatives.
Chapter 10/11/12 The Legislative Branch. Essential Questions What makes a successful Congress? In what ways should people participate in public affairs?
How A Bill Becomes A Law I'm Just a Bill. How A Bill Becomes A Law Overview.
The Legislative Branch. Legislative Branch Review 1.Function: Make the Laws 2.Congressional Joint Powers A.Levy and collect taxes B.Raise and maintain.
HOW A BILL GROWS UP AND BECOMES A LAW… 3 ways… The Hard Way! The Fun Way! The School House Rock Way!
Chapter 12 Congress in Action Section 1 Congress Organizes.
How a Bill Becomes a Law The Journey of a Bill. Congress Makes Federal Laws Follow the bill as it moves through Congress.
Congress 12. Congress The Framers of the Constitution designed Congress to be the legislative branch of the federal government, and they gave it broad.
Teacher Needs Reset desks facing Reset desks facing 18 Rep nameplates 18 Rep nameplates 12 Senate nameplates 12 Senate nameplates President Pro Tempore.
Congress Notes 3 Congress in Action. Congressional Organization Congress convenes on January 3rd of every odd numbered year There are a variety of important.
How a Bill Becomes a Law Ch. 6 Sec. 4. Bills Congress Considers Congress has more than 10,000 bills introduced each term, but only several hundred pass.
How a Bill Becomes a Law. There are two kinds of bills; Public - apply to the whole nation and involve general matters like taxation, civil rights, terrorism,
How Congress Works. A Bill v. A Law Bill - a proposed new law introduced within a legislature that has not yet been passed, enacted or adopted.
Warm Up: 11/12/12 Copy the following on a new notes page: Todays Standard: SS8CGa & SS8CGb Essential Question: what is the role of the legislative branch.
Chapter 7, Section 1, 2, 3. Chapter 7, Section 1 HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW During each 2-year term of Congress, thousands of bills are introduced, but.
Students must become familiar with the organization and powers, both formal and informal, of the major political institutions in the United States- the.
How a Bill Becomes a Law. What is a bill? A bill is a proposed law. Ideas come from the Executive Branch, special interest groups, and citizens. Only.
Congress The 535. Chapter 6 Section 1: How Congress is Organized.
1 Legislative Support September 2013 CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES CHANCELLORS OFFICE Policy in Action.
How a Bill Becomes a Law!. A bill starts with an idea. Where can ideas for bills come from? A bill can only be sponsored and introduced by a.
Congress House & Senate: Differences in Representation Bicameral System: Two Chambers –Part of the Connecticut Compromise –Each state has two senators.
Respectively, the minimum age requirement for members of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman. Congress Chapter 12 Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry Government in America: People, Politics,
Congress Gets Organized! The First Day in the House The First Day in the House All members are sworn in All members are sworn in House elects the Speaker.
Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 14: With Liberty and Justice, the Federal Government Study Presentation ©2005 Clairmont Press.
The House of Representatives 6 Purposes of the House Leadership 1.Organize and unify party members. 2.Scheduling the work of the Houses. 3.Making certain.
A slow and tedious process. Some Facts Bills fall into two categories Private concern individual people or places Public bills apply to the entire nation.
How A Bill Becomes a Law. Step 1 Every Bill starts out as an idea Every Bill starts out as an idea These ideas can come from Congress, private citizens.
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