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Chapter 10: Congress
Chapter 11: Powers of Congress
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 27 Chapter 11, Section 4 Penalty Checkpoint: What is the penalty if the President is impeached and convicted? –Convicted officials, including the President, are removed from office and can be banned from holding office again.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 28 Chapter 11, Section 4 Executive Powers All major presidential appointments must be confirmed by a majority vote of the Senate. –The Senate rarely rejects a Cabinet appointment, though candidates may be withdrawn. –The custom of senatorial courtesy means the Senate will only approve appointees supported by the Senators from the appointees state who belong to the Presidents party.
Chapter 12: Congress in Action
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 31 Chapter 12, Section 1 The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of its majority party, a powerful combination. Democrat Nancy Pelosi (right) was the first woman to serve as Speaker. Speaker of the House
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 35 Chapter 12, Section 1 Representation by State
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 36 Chapter 12, Section 1 Representation by State
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 39 Chapter 12, Section 2 Select Committees Checkpoint: What is a select committee? –Select or special committees are typically temporary panels set up to investigate a specific issue. –The Senate Watergate Committee investigated the Watergate scandal. –The Iran-Contra Committee examined the arms-for- hostages deal and illegal aid to the Contras. –The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs uncovered corruption tied to lobbyists for Native American tribes.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 40 Chapter 12, Section 2 Joint Committees, cont. Joint committees include members from both houses. Those shown in the chart are permanent groups, while others are select committees.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 41 Chapter 12, Section 3 The First Steps Most bills are drafted in the executive branch or by special interest groups before being presented to members of Congress. Members often try to get support or cosponsors from members before introducing a proposed bill. All tax bills must begin in the House. House members introduce bills by dropping them into a hopper on the clerks desk.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 42 Chapter 12, Section 3 First Reading Each bill is numbered by the clerk, given a short title summarizing its contents, and entered into the official record. After this first reading, the bill is assigned to a committee. –What does this cartoonist say about the political process?
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 43 Chapter 12, Section 3 Though not mentioned in the Constitution, committees play an essential role by filtering the many bills submitted to Congress. Most bills are pigeonholed. That is, they die in committee. The Bill in Committee
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 44 Chapter 12, Section 3 Committees refer bills to one of their subcommittees. Public hearings to gather data and hear testimony are held for key measures. Sometimes members of a sub- committee will take trips to research a bill. A Committee at Work
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 45 Chapter 12, Section 3 Committee Actions A committee can: –Report a bill with a do pass recommendation. –Pigeonhole the bill and kill it. –Report an amended version of the bill. –Report the bill with a do not pass recommendation. –Report a committee bill as a substitute for a bill referred to it.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 46 Chapter 12, Section 3 The Bill on the Floor Minor bills get a brief second reading and are passed or defeated. Major bills are addressed on the House floor by the Committee of the Whole, which consists of at least 100 members. –The House session is suspended as the Committee reads the bill section by section, debating and possibly amending each section. –The House then returns to session to adopt the completed bill.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 47 Chapter 12, Section 3 House members must have unanimous consent to speak for more than an hour. The Speaker can force a member to give up the floor. Any member can move for an up-or-down vote on an issue at any time. Debate
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 48 Chapter 12, Section 3 Voting in the House Checkpoint: What are the four types of votes that the House can take? –Voice votes in which the Speaker counts the yes and no votes. –A standing vote, where those in favor and against are counted by the clerk. –A roll-call vote that goes member by member can be demanded by one fifth of the members present. –The rare teller vote has a teller count the votes for each party.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 49 Chapter 12, Section 4 Debate in the Senate There are few limits on floor debate in the Senate. In general, a senator can speak on the floor as long as he or she pleases about any topic that he or she wants to. However, no senator may speak more than twice on the same question on the same day. Many Senate bills are debated under a unanimous consent agreement that limits the amount of floor debate.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 50 Chapter 12, Section 4 A bill introduced in the House follows the 4 steps shown in the graphic and then moves on to the Senate. Bills are often referred to more than one standing committee for study and approval. How a Bill Becomes a Law, Pt. 1
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 51 Chapter 12, Section 4 How a Bill Becomes a Law, Pt. 2 A bill introduced in the Senate begins with steps 5-7 and then moves to the House. –How does the lawmaking process for the Senate differ from that of the House?
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 52 Chapter 12, Section 4 Steps 8-9 are often not needed, as a bill approved by one house is often left unchanged by the second. The threat of a veto is often enough to block or force changes in a proposed bill. How a Bill Becomes a Law, Pt. 3
Democrats Go Nuclear!
Chapter 12: Congress in Action Section 3. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 12, Section 3 Objectives 1.Identify the first steps in the.
Chapter 10: Congress. What we already know… Two Houses: Why? House & Senate Size Qualifications Elections? Terms? Limits?
Chapter 12: Congress in Action Section 3. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 12, Section 3 Objectives 1.Students will be able to complete.
Chapter 12: Congress in Action Section 4. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 12, Section 4 Objectives 1.Describe how a bill is introduced.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1 Chapter 12, Section 2 Objectives 1.Explain how standing committees function. 2.Describe the responsibilities.
Chapter 12: Congress in Action Section 1. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 12, Section 1 Objectives 1.Describe how and when Congress.
How a Bill Becomes a Law. Bill is introduced in House by dropping it into the hopper A bill introduced in the House follows the 4 steps shown in the graphic.
The Legislative Branch Chapter 4 Section 6 Congress at Work – Making Laws.
HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW. Introduction of a Bill: The House A bill is proposed to either house: House or Senate Most bills are born in the executive branch.
Continued Notes. Main purpose is to make laws The process created through the Constitution is slow and complicated It encourages compromise There.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government C H A P T E R 12 Congress in Action.
Chapter 12: Congress in Action Opener. Congress in session is Congress on public exhibition, whilst Congress in its committee-rooms is Congress at work.
HOW FEDERAL LAWS ARE MADE Learning Objectives Explain where the ideas for laws may come from. Name the six steps it takes for a bill to become a law. Give.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1 Chapter 12, Section 1 Objectives 1.Describe how and when Congress convenes. 2.Compare the roles of the presiding.
Chapter 11. Two fundamental facts shape and limit the powers of Congress: 1) Government in the United States is limited government. 2) The American system.
Continued Notes. Congress Main purpose is to make laws The process created through the Constitution is slow and complicated It encourages compromise.
123 Go To Section: 4 Congress Convenes Chapter 12, Section Congress convenes every two years—on January 3 of every odd-numbered year.
Chapter 11: Powers of Congress Section 4. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 11, Section 4 Objectives 1.Describe the role of Congress.
Essential Question Why do you think only 10% of all bills proposed actually become a law?
1 Congress Organizes How and when does Congress convene? What are the roles of the presiding officers in the Senate and the House? What are the duties.
Standing Committees Subcommittees Select or special committees Joint Committee Conference Committee.
Congress Convenes Congress convenes every two years—on January 3 of every odd-numbered year. The House has formal organizational meetings at the beginning.
The Legislative Branch. Legislative Branch Review 1.Function: Make the Laws 2.Congressional Joint Powers A.Levy and collect taxes B.Raise and maintain.
Two Houses Article III of the Texas Constitution describes the legislative branch, which makes the laws that govern the state. Like the U.S. Congress,
How does a bill become a law at the national level?
The Legislative Branch – Congress in Action Chapter 12.
CHAPTER 12 Congress Organizes How and when does Congress convene? What are the roles of the presiding officers in the Senate and the House? What are the.
Congress in Action Chapter 12. HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW Section 3 and 4.
How does a Bill become a law? Bills- proposed laws, or drafts of laws presented to the House or Senate for enactment. Two types: Public- measure applying.
How a Bill Becomes a Law CP Chapter 12. The Rough Draft Starts in Congress (House or Senate) Researched Passes President signs it into a law.
Who can propose a law? Anyone can suggest an idea for a law. However However, only a Member of Congress can take a proposed law to the House of Representatives.
The General Assembly: Georgia’s Legislative Branch 8 th Grade Social Studies (Georgia Studies) GPS: SS8CG2a,b,c Mrs. Kim West.
How a Bill Becomes Law. Less than 5% of all bills become laws. Why? Lawmaking is long and complicated. – There can be up to 100 steps to take to pass.
How a Bill Becomes a Law. Thousands of bills are introduced each session ◦6,562 were introduced in the 111 th Congress ◦Bills can only be introduced by.
Chapter 12: Congressional Organization The Presiding Officers: The House of Representatives: Speaker of the House 1.The acknowledged leader of the majority.
Congress In Action Chapter Twelve. Congress Organizes New Congress convenes January 3, every odd- numbered year.
123 Go To Section: 4 Congress At Work Law and Government Chapter 12 Learning Objectives and Text Notes.
How A Bill Becomes A Law An educational journey behind the scenes of: “I’m Just a Bill”
Government 12.3 Making Law: House. How a bill becomes a law in the house: Bill is introduced Sponsor and cosponsor Numbering and Titling The Reading Appointment.
The Legislative Branch! The Legislative Branch!. Primary job of Congress is… to pass legislation.
Committees. 1. Standing committee Four types of committees:
© 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. C H A P T E R 12 Congress in Action.
Essential Questions Journal Chapter 12 - Congress in Action con’t. LESSON Objectives for 01/29/16 Students will: 1.READ to IDENTIFY key facts and core.
How Congress Is Organized CH 8.3. The constitution doesn’t tell them how to make laws They developed their own way of doing it –Bills are prepared in.
Chapter 8 Test Review The Legislative Branch. people a member of Congress represents 1.interest groups 2.Speaker of the House 3.floor leaders 4.budget.
1. 2 Anyone can suggest an idea for a law. Only Members of Congress can introduce a proposed law to the House or Senate. 3.
How our Legislature Works How a Bill Becomes Law!.
United States Government Chapter 12, Section 3 How a Bill becomes a Law in the House of Representatives.
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