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United States Government Cuyahoga Heights High School.

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Presentation on theme: "United States Government Cuyahoga Heights High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Government Cuyahoga Heights High School

2 Term : 2-year period in which Congress meets Session : 1 year during a term – there are two sessions per term of Congress Recess :a temporary break or vacation during a session Adjourn : To end the session of Congress Prorogue : When the President adjourns Congress (never done) Special Session : When the President calls Congress together to meet after it adjourned

3 The lower house of Congress. Based upon the House of Commons in England. Proposed in the Virginia Plan, created by the Connecticut (Great) Compromise. Members are elected to 2 year terms (Elected in the Federal Election prescribed in the Constitution) in even-numbered years. Term of Office is Jan. 1 of the odd-year to Dec.31 of the even-year.

4 The seats are apportioned (or divided up) among the States by Congress based upon their population. The seats are reapportioned following every decennial (10 years) census. The size of the House was permanently set at 435 members by the Reapportionment Act of 1929.

5 You are elected! Off-year elections are held in non-presidential election years You may be elected in a Special Election called by a Governor due to the death, resignation, expulsion or retirement of a Member during the course of a term.

6 They represent the residents of a district. A district is a political sub-division of a state. The districts are created by the State governments (process varies by State) based upon the numbers given to them by Congress based on the census figures. Gerrymandering is illegal and unconstitutional.

7 ONE per District (single-member districts, are winner-take all elections). Currently, Ohio has 16 districts, while California has 53. Each state is guaranteed at least ONE representative. Seven states have only one, and their members are elected at-large. Also, your District is relatively equal in POPULATION to all of the other Districts in your State (Wesberry v. Sanders ruling, 1964). Geographic sizes of districts vary due to urban, rural population differences.

8 The United States Territories: (Washington DC, USVI, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands) each have a NON-VOTING Member of the House. They may participate in debates and serve on committees. They just cannot vote on the final passage of bills.

9 Be at least 25 years of age Be a citizen (either natural born or naturalized) of the US for 7 years Be an inhabitant (resident) of the state youre running in.

10 House members serve a two-year term of office. There are no term limits on the number of times someone may be elected. House members earn $174,000 annually, while leadership positions earn more (for instance the Speaker of the House earns $223,500). Members also receive other fringe benefits including: medical coverage, a pension, and the franking privilege. Legislative immunity protects and promotes free speech

11 Well, if you do something really bad, you can be expelled from the House by the other Members. You may also be censured, or punished for disorderly behavior (but still retain your seat).

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