4 Why Do We Call it “House that Jack Built”? This is the house that Jack built. This is the malt That lay in the house that Jack built. This is the rat That ate the malt This is the cat That killed the rat That lay in the house that Jack built…Where do you see the chain of events in this section of the children’s rhyme?
6 What Might It Look Like?If you make students sit in assigned seats at lunch they will have to yell to talk with their friends sitting across the room, and the noise will just get louder.When school doesn’t get out until 4 o’clock, sports practices have to be held later, which means kids get home awfully late to start their homework.Sometimes I stay up too late chatting on my computer, so it’s hard to get up the next morning. Since I’m tired, I hit the snooze button too many times, and I miss my bus.These are “Little Jacks”. See how a chain of events is created in just a sentence or two?
10 Causal Chain Individual Identification Practice Take out Letter to Principal Scaddilybob once again.Use a new colored highlighter pen to mark any examples of a Causal Chain found in the letter.Also, circle any of those great transition words that we just discussedCompare what you highlighted with a person sitting near you.Are there any other places in the paper where you could effectively add other examples of a House that Jack Built?
11 (Hmmm. What would be the result of no food?) Let’s Try It Together!Topic: the NMS cafeteria should offer more choices for lunch.Students get tired of eating the same meals for lunch over and over againSome days the choices just aren’t appetizing and students simply opt to go without food.(Hmmm. What would be the result of no food?)(What might the end result be, due to the idea you put in the last box?)Don’t forget to use your good transition words!
12 Try It With a Partner!Topic: Students should not have access to media in the home untilall homework is done each night.If students keep the T.V. and computer turned off until their homework is done, they will be less distracted.(What would happen? How would no distractions be positive?)( so…what would be the outcome/ effect of this?)
13 Your Turn! Write Your Own “House That Jack Built”! Go back to the paper that you wrote aboutwinning the trip to the Great Wolf Lodge.Re-read the paper and find a place whereyou might be able to add a short causalchain (“Little Jack”?) to the paperThink carefully about the domino effect thatyou will add. What will be the end resultyou want to describe?Write!Share your changes with a partner. Discusshow you just strengthened your argument.
15 What is this? “Concession and Rebuttal” sounds pretty fancy, but it refers to two things:To concede in an argument means to acknowledge another person’s thoughts about something.I understand that you feel students should…A rebuttal is a counterargument or a reply that youhave for that person’s beliefs.However, I believe that if you just trust kids more you would realize that…
18 Concession/Rebuttal Transitional Phrases Here are some great transitions that you might use to help write effective Concession/Rebuttal arguments. Note that these transitions come in a series and should be used throughout the few sentences you write to build your full concession/rebuttal argument.It is true that… however … thereforeCertainly… but … in short…Admittedly … on the other hand … so …Of course … nevertheless … as a result …Obviously … on the contrary … finally …Sure … however … in addition
21 Concession Rebuttal Individual Identification Practice Take out Letter to Principal Scaddilybob yet again.Use a new colored highlighter pen to mark any examples of a Concession/Rebuttal argument found in the letter.Also, circle any of those great transition words that we discussed.Compare what you highlighted with a person sitting near you.Are there any other places in the paper where you could effectively add other examples of Concession/Rebuttal?
22 Let’s Try it Together!Topic: The school board is suggesting that all middle and high schools in the district be required to offer Study Hall as an elective each quarter.I realize that some people in the community may think that students will not use a Study Hall responsibly, and that it will just become a “play time”.ConcessionNow you try. Don’t forget a transition!Rebuttal
23 One More Time! Full Group Topic: Write a letter to your principal persuading her to set up a hot chocolate/latte stand in the cafeteria.I understand that some parents in our community are against the school selling coffee because it encourages young people to buy drinks with caffeine in them.ConcessionYour Turn. Remember to use a transition!Rebuttal
24 (Now write your rebuttal to what you wrote in the previous box) Try It With a Partner!Topic: The administration at your school is deciding whether or not to allow students to listen to personal music players in the classroom (not really – don’t get excited).(Write your own concession. What point might someone make about this topic?)(Now write your rebuttal to what you wrote in the previous box)
25 Your Turn! Write Your Own “Concession/Rebuttal”! Go back once again to the paper that youwrote about winning the trip to the GreatWolf Lodge.Re-read the paper and find a place whereyou might be able to add a concession/Rebuttal to the paperThink carefully about an argument someonemight make for your group not to go(concession), then how you might respond(rebuttal)Write!Share your changes with a partner. Discusshow you just strengthened your argument.