W HY D O W E C ALL IT H OUSE THAT J ACK B UILT ? This is the house that Jack built. This is the malt That lay in the house that Jack built. This is the rat That ate the malt That lay in the house that Jack built. This is the cat That killed the rat That ate the malt That lay in the house that Jack built… Where do you see the chain of events in this section of the childrens rhyme?
W HAT M IGHT I T L OOK L IKE ? If you make students sit in assigned seats at lunch they will have to yell to talk with their friends sitting across the room, and the noise will just get louder. When school doesnt get out until 4 oclock, sports practices have to be held later, which means kids get home awfully late to start their homework. Sometimes I stay up too late chatting on my computer, so its hard to get up the next morning. Since Im tired, I hit the snooze button too many times, and I miss my bus. These are Little Jacks. See how a chain of events is created in just a sentence or two?
C AUSAL C HAIN I NDIVIDUAL I DENTIFICATION P RACTICE Take out Letter to Principal Scaddilybob once again. Use a new colored highlighter pen to mark any examples of a Causal Chain found in the letter. Also, circle any of those great transition words that we just discussed Compare what you highlighted with a person sitting near you. Are there any other places in the paper where you could effectively add other examples of a House that Jack Built?
L ET S T RY I T T OGETHER ! Topic: the NMS cafeteria should offer more choices for lunch. Students get tired of eating the same meals for lunch over and over again Some days the choices just arent appetizing and students simply opt to go without food. (Hmmm. What would be the result of no food?) (What might the end result be, due to the idea you put in the last box?) Dont forget to use your good transition words!
T RY I T W ITH A P ARTNER ! Topic: Students should not have access to media in the home until all homework is done each night. If students keep the T.V. and computer turned off until their homework is done, they will be less distracted. ( What would happen? How would no distractions be positive? ) ( so…what would be the outcome/ effect of this? )
Y OUR T URN ! W RITE Y OUR O WN H OUSE T HAT J ACK B UILT ! Go back to the paper that you wrote about winning the trip to the Great Wolf Lodge. Re-read the paper and find a place where you might be able to add a short causal chain (Little Jack?) to the paper Think carefully about the domino effect that you will add. What will be the end result you want to describe? Write! Share your changes with a partner. Discuss how you just strengthened your argument.
C ONCESSION / R EBUTTAL
W HAT IS THIS ? Concession and Rebuttal sounds pretty fancy, but it refers to two things: To concede in an argument means to acknowledge another persons thoughts about something. I understand that you feel students should… A rebuttal is a counterargument or a reply that you have for that persons beliefs. However, I believe that if you just trust kids more you would realize that…
C ONCESSION /R EBUTTAL T RANSITIONAL P HRASES Here are some great transitions that you might use to help write effective Concession/Rebuttal arguments. Note that these transitions come in a series and should be used throughout the few sentences you write to build your full concession/rebuttal argument. It is true that… however … therefore Certainly… but … in short… Admittedly … on the other hand … so … Of course … nevertheless … as a result … Obviously … on the contrary … finally … Sure … however … in addition
C ONCESSION R EBUTTAL I NDIVIDUAL I DENTIFICATION P RACTICE Take out Letter to Principal Scaddilybob yet again. Use a new colored highlighter pen to mark any examples of a Concession/Rebuttal argument found in the letter. Also, circle any of those great transition words that we discussed. Compare what you highlighted with a person sitting near you. Are there any other places in the paper where you could effectively add other examples of Concession/Rebuttal?
L ET S T RY IT T OGETHER ! Topic: The school board is suggesting that all middle and high schools in the district be required to offer Study Hall as an elective each quarter. Concession Rebuttal I realize that some people in the community may think that students will not use a Study Hall responsibly, and that it will just become a play time. Now you try. Dont forget a transition!
O NE M ORE T IME ! Topic: Write a letter to your principal persuading her to set up a hot chocolate/latte stand in the cafeteria. Concession Rebuttal I understand that some parents in our community are against the school selling coffee because it encourages young people to buy drinks with caffeine in them. Your Turn. Remember to use a transition! Full Group
T RY I T W ITH A P ARTNER ! Topic: The administration at your school is deciding whether or not to allow students to listen to personal music players in the classroom (not really – dont get excited). (Write your own concession. What point might someone make about this topic?) (Now write your rebuttal to what you wrote in the previous box)
Y OUR T URN ! W RITE Y OUR O WN C ONCESSION /R EBUTTAL ! Go back once again to the paper that you wrote about winning the trip to the Great Wolf Lodge. Re-read the paper and find a place where you might be able to add a concession/ Rebuttal to the paper Think carefully about an argument someone might make for your group not to go (concession), then how you might respond (rebuttal) Write! Share your changes with a partner. Discuss how you just strengthened your argument.