Presentation on theme: "Miu Chung Yan, Ph.D. University of British Columbia"— Presentation transcript:
1Bringing people together in urban neighbourhood: A place-based approach of social integration Miu Chung Yan, Ph.D.University of British ColumbiaSchool of Social Work
2Settlement HouseToynbee Hall (1848), London East End, traditionally the immigrant and poor areaA place-based approach – neighbourhood levelMachinery of connection: brought wealthy university students and volunteers to impoverished neighbourhood to serve the residents.
3Settlement House in N. America 1886, Neighbourhood Guild (University Settlement), NYC1889, Hull House in Chicago (Jane Addams)1910, 400 settlement houses in the US1894, Arrived Toronto and VancouverAll in immigrant concentrated areasMany have been renamed to neighbourhood houses/centres
4Settlement House & Social Integration Jane Addams:Hull House was soberly opened on the theory that the dependence of classes on each other is reciprocal; and that as the social relation is essentially a reciprocal relation, it gives a form of expression that has peculiar value.A community organizer in San Francisco:[NH/C] is not a problem- oriented organization. … . [I]t provides something positive for people to do instead of people staying in their own little world closed at home, and so it’s a nice way also to create links.Yan, M. C., & Lauer, S. (2008).
5How NH Connect People?An hub in impoverished neighbourhood: stable physical structure, “institutional proximity” >>An open and inclusive space >>Bridging people by servicingMultiple and flexible services for all ages >>Volunteer opportunity: networking and asset building >>Intercultural solidarity through clubs and events >>Community organizingCoalition building and coordination >>Inclusive platforms for various community interests >>
6Neighbourhood House: Vancouver Low income immigrant in Vancouver, 2001Vancouver EastDowntown Eastside NHKiwassa NHFrog Hollow NHMt Pleasant NHCedar Cottage NHCollingwood NHLittle Mountain NHSouth Vancouver NHVancouver WestGordon NHKitsilano NH
7Neighbourhood Centre: SF Telegraph Hill NHDonaldina Cameron HouseRichmond District NCBooker T. Washington Community Service CenterMission NCPotrero Hill Neighborhood HouseBernal Height NCIT Bookman Community CenterVisitacion Valley Community Center <<
8Open and Inclusive Space A key informant in Vancouver:So I would say the role of the neighborhood house is more to help a mix of the newcomers. … Also I think their [NHs’] role is more to let them [newcomers] know about the resources. Also there are more opportunities [in NHs] for them, should be more opportunities to participate and also kind of contribute to the society. <<
9Flexible Services << An ED of a NH/C in Vancouver:“Our challenge is to work with communities to develop integrative programs and services that are changing the diverse population.”<<
10VolunteerismProbably ninety percent (volunteers) fit your definition of newcomers. This is a place to come and get some labor market experience or experience that relates to the labor market and is transferable.We had about 15 parents who were trained in there. Uh, we had Chinese, Vietnamese, Aboriginal, Indo, South Asian, Filipinos, and many different backgrounds and they went on to become We paid them an honorarium to do some outreach work in the community. The program is called LEAD. I really like the LEAD program because it provides a leadership requirement training for women of immigrant background. But what it does really is a bridging because it speak to people very informally <<
11Cultural Events << … like in October, we organized a community event which is one of the biggest community events held at our center, which is called the Pumpkin Torch. In that event, we invite school children from the neighborhood, from the community, to join our huge Halloween celebration. And people from different cultural groups, different languages, when they see the pumpkin torch, they all smile, they just have a lot of fun of Halloween, and then they all enjoy the activities. (A frontline worker at a NH in Vancouver) <<<<
12Coalition Building In San Francisco In Vancouver, Richmond District NC is involved in the Inter-faith Agencies Coalition, which cultivates cross-cultural relationships in the communityCameron House is part of the San Francisco Domestic Violence Coalition, an advocacy group for female victimsMission NC is aligned with the Anti-Displacement Coalition, which fights against neighborhood gentrificationIn Vancouver,South Vancouver NH: Safe Harbour program, Sunset Community Literacy PlanCollingwood NH: Renfrew-Collingwood Multicultural Artist NetworkKitsilano NH: Westside Food Security Collaborative, Westside Seniors Empowerment Coalition <<
13Conclusion:In short, a place-based, locally governed, multi-service, community building mechanism.Notable social invention of the Progressive Era (Putnam), Bringing back settlement house (Husock)Neighbourhood hub (Toronto), Community Anchor (SF)However, challenges NH face in performing its social integration functionLack of public and policy recognitionFunding issues: no core funding, unstable program fundingLack of research: evidence
14Thanks! Merci! Acknowledgement: Pictures and photos in this presentation are from Collingwood NH, South Vancouver NH, Mission NCs, Bernal Height NC, Telegraph Hill NCFor references used in this presentation,please contact me atThanks!Merci!