2Role of Automation in Improving Boiling House Efficiency Rashad EhsanGM(E & I)Shakarganj Mills Limited
3Expensive Automation ?Sugar is being produced profitably without AutomationHighly Technically Skilled Staff is available with affordable costHesitate to experiment themselves, Waiting for fruitful results
4Benefits of Automation Accurate Monitoring of Process ParametersEfficient Control of ProcessesOn line RecordingHistorical Trending
5Benefits of Automation Losses became apparent after automation and then can be eliminatedHelping to get desired resultsAutomation should pay for itself
6Why Optimization of Boiling House % steam on cane70 % of Total Losses in Boiling HouseQuality of ProductReduced variations due to human error
7Topics Juice Stabilization System Remelter Automation Evaporator AutomationRefine melt clarifier AutomationCondensing System AutomationBatch Pan AutomationCV Pan AutomationVFDAuto Bagging Machines
8Juice Flow Stabilization Raw Juice Flow MeasurementRaw Juice Tank LevelHeater Temperature MonitoringpH of ClarifiersSpeed Regulation of chemicals at ClarifierMilk of Lime Flow Control at DefecationpH of Defecated Juice
11Benefits Uniform Raw Juice Flow Stable operation of Clarifier Smooth Chemical dozingEffective heating of Juice in heatersBetter setting at clarifier leading to improved quality of clear juice
12BenefitsReduction of losses by minimizing recirculation juice in form of filtrateLow brix of MOL cause more water to be evaporated at Evaporator Station so steam usage will be increased.Smooth and Reduced Chemical Consumption
13Remelter Automation Remelter Brix Control Remelter Temperature Control Level IndicationsBenefitSteam reduction up to 1 % due to smooth operation
15Evaporator Automation Temperature of vapor space and calandriasPressure / Vacuum of bodies and calandriasVacuum in the last bodyPressure and temperature of exhaust steamLevel of Juice in each bodyBrix of syrupFlow of condensates from calandrias
16Evaporator Automation Regulated feed to each vesselMaintain level in bodiesBrix controlConsistent high syrup brixLess scale formation due to even juice levelDegree of superheat does not exceed 25 – 30CSuperheated steam has poor heat transfer rate
35Condensing System Automation Conventional SystemIn case of variable Load :Huge quantity of water circulationHigh Electricity ConsumptionLarge number of equipment installation( Pumps, Motors)
36Condensing System Automation Modern Condensing SystemEconomical use of waterEnergy reduction without effecting efficiency of condenser( i.e. almost 50 %)Two TypesNozzle Governing System usingHigh Pressure Water controls Nozzle OperationsSingle Entry CondensersNozzles being controlled by pneumatic pressureNo need of Spray Pumps
37Why Batch Pan Automation The boiling of Massecuite in Batch Pan is very critical operation.Because the super saturation of boiling liquid inside the pan should be maintained within a very narrow range.Ineffectiveness of operator to do so will leads to extra water drink to dissolve false grain.
38Batch Pan Automation This will increase steam/vapor requirements The curing time will also increasedFor energy conservation such a laxity is not affordable.The Automation of batch pan in inevitable to :To maintain massecuite inside the Boiling Pan at a super saturation , in matastable zone.
39Batch Pan Automation The measurement of brix of pan Level of massecuite inside the pan monitored continuouslyFeed liquor is controlled automatically.Clalendria steam pressure is monitored and steam flow to pan is regulated.
40Batch Pan Automation The operations like: Selection of feed liquor, seed slurry feeding,Control of Vacuum,Vacuum breaking,Pan washing, Opening and closing of discharge valve can also be automated.
41Batch Pan Automation Disturbances like No juice available Mingler is fullVacuum BreakdownCan be handled well in automationLeave 51 steps use one step automation
47Batch Pan Automation Benefits Reduction of boiling time – 30 %Reduction of energy(steam, vacuum) %Reduction of sucrose in final molasses 1 – 2 %
48Benefits Maximum amount of desired grain Minimum contents of fine grainNarrow range of crystal sizeEasy operation even by not fully trained operators
49Continuous Vacuum Pan Automation To monitor conductivity in each compartmentTo control liquor feed into each compartment.To monitor and control total liquor feed rate to the panTo control the seed magma feed to the panTo monitor calendria pressureTo control steam flow to the panTo control massecuite discharge w.r.t. level in last compartment.
50Continuous Vacuum Pan Automation Brix ControlVacuum ControlSteam Pressure ControlMaccecuite Flow ControlSeed Flow ControlPurity Control